明星资讯腾讯娱乐2019年06月20日 18:05:11
It#39;s these storms, or lack of them,正是这些风暴 或缺少这些风暴that trigger the extreme dry and wet weather in West Texas.造成了西德州极端干旱或湿润的天气In the future,科学家认为scientists expect this pattern of drought and flooding这种旱涝交替的极端气候to be played out across the planet.将在未来影响全球But it#39;s the small change in average temperature但平均气温的微小变化that#39;s behind the predicted increase in some extreme weather events.才是增加极端气候发生频率的始作俑者And scientists believe it#39;s all a question of balance.科学家认为平衡是关键As the Earth struggles for climate stability,地球努力维持气候稳定的同时the weather begins to get extreme.天气开始极端化and weird.并变得反常Our planet#39;s a really complex place.地球十分复杂So as we increase the temperature of our planet,我们造成气温上升的同时we are changing the dynamics of our atmosphere,也改变了大气的动力学we are changing the way our weather systems move across the country.以及天气系统在国内运动的方式We#39;re changing... our sub-tropical zones are expanding,我们在改变 亚热带在扩张our dry areas of the world are actually growing.全球干旱地区在扩大 Article/201410/335945

It seems to have an impact which goes beyond simply eating less.这好像比少吃有更好的效果And I think it could work for someone like me.而我认为这能适用于像我这样的人My final stop is Baltimore.我的最后一站是巴尔的I#39;m here because I need a final bit of motivation.我来这是因为我需要一个最终动机There#39;s one aspect of ageing我发现一个衰老中I find more terrifying than any other.最为可怕的部分The effects of ageing on my brain.即衰老对大脑的影响I#39;m trying to catch up with Professor Mark Mattson.我试着追上马克·麦特森教授Mark is a leading expert on the aging brain.马克是引领研究大脑衰老的专家His research suggests that fasting他的研究表明禁食may help delay the onset of diseases能帮助延缓像老年痴呆like Alzheimer#39;s, dementia, and memory loss.痴呆症和健忘症这类疾病的发生Very good! How you doing?非常好 你怎么样Hi there! Michael Mosley.你好 我是迈克尔·莫斯利Mark Mattson.马克·麦特森- You work here?! - Work here? No!-你在这里面工作吗 -什么 不是Nor do I work out here!我也不是来锻炼的重点解释:1.seem to 似乎例句:Does that seem to make sense?这讲得通吗?2.a bit of 一点儿的例句:It was a bit of a bore, wasn#39;t it?这有点叫人厌烦,不是吗?3.catch up with 赶上例句:She walked too slowly to catch up with us.她走得太慢,跟不上我们。 Article/201511/409310

栏目简介:;Shanghai Live; focuses on big events in the city and major issues around the world, and presents them in a practical and audience-friendly manner to meet the ever-evolving needs of Shanghai#39;s English-speaking viewers,both local and expatriate.《直播上海英语电台》集中报道城市大事件以及全球热点话题,并以观众喜闻乐见的方式呈现给大家,从而满足上海本地以及上海海外人士的英语需求。 Article/201507/384205

  栏目介绍:搞笑英语轻松学通过不同的搞笑生活片段来学习日常口语,领域涉及生活的各个方面,让我们边看视频边学英语。正宗地道的口语,假一罚十。美剧电影真人秀都看过了之后还能看什么学口语呢?当然是看这些双语视频啦!又好玩,又原汁原味,又顺便学一两句地道英语,多痛快!快来看看吧! Article/201510/401320

  栏目简介:《英语学习入门视频》是英语视频听力下面的子栏目,栏目内容适合刚刚接触英语学习不久的童鞋学习。视频内容比较简单易懂,是入门英语知识的基础,有助于帮助英语学习爱好者逐步掌握基本的英语知识。 Article/201511/408304。

  Even though about 25% of adults think that有多达25%的成人认为they have an allergy,他们有食物过敏症only 1 to 2% of adults and 5% of children但是只有1%到2%的成人和5%的儿童are truly affected.确实有食物过敏症Determination of the exact prevalence of food allergies对食物过敏症患病率的测定is complicated because there is considerable variation非常复杂,因为需要收集的in data collection.数据非常多Reports are based on self-reported questionnaires,通常的报告包括自诉问卷physician assessment, skin tests and/or IgE levels医师评估,皮肤测试和/或者that are confirmed by double-blind placebo由双盲安慰剂控制的controlled challenges.IgE水平测试However many do not distinguish between IgE但是这其中的很多手段对IgE介导型and non-IgE mediated responses.和非IgE介导型反应无法进行区分In general food allergy manifests most commonly总体说来,食物过敏in infancy peaking at 1 year of age在不超过1周岁的婴儿中最为常见and diminishing by age three.一般到3岁的时候会消失Infants are more susceptible to food allergies婴儿更容易受食物过敏的影响because they have a decreased number of enzymes因为他们体内存在的可以to break down proteins, low antibody levels,分解蛋白质的酶数量较少,抗体水平低relatively low pH and an immature gut barrier.pH值较低以及肠道屏障不成熟This chart from the Center of Disease Control这张图表来自疾病控制和预防中心and Prevention shows the growing trend of显示的是对食物过敏报告的发展趋势reported allergies from an average of 2615 between,1928到2000年年均报告2615例each year, 1928 and 2000 to over 9500 each year从2004到2006年间between 2004 and 2006.年均报告9500例It is not well understood目前这种增长趋势的原因why this increase has occurred.尚无法解释There are several hypotheses about对于食物过敏症报告率的the rising prevalence of food allergy.增加的原因存在几个假设Development of an allergy depends on过敏反应的发生发展取决于the structure of the protein, the dose of the antigen蛋白质的组成形式,抗原的剂量and the genetic susceptibility of the host.以及人体的遗传易感性Oral exposure to low doses of a protein may induce口腔接触低剂量的蛋白质可能会sensitization whereas high doses may引起过敏,而高剂量result in tolerance.则可能会导致耐受性This is pertinent to those who encounter accidental这与无意间exposures to the allergens in protein接触到了蛋白质抗原有关as it may be potentially harmful.会有潜在的危害性Conversely non-oral exposure may be相反,非通过口腔接触a primary risk factor as damaged skin may蛋白质抗原可能更有风险allow increased exposure before tolerance has been比如通过受伤的皮肤大量接触developed through oral ingestion.而这个时候耐受性还没有形成Food allergy to peanuts is the most common对花生的食物过敏是最常见的but other foods such as milk, egg, tree nuts, fish,但是对于一些人来说,牛奶,蛋类,干果shellfish, wheat and soy are also known鱼类,贝类,小麦和大豆也可能会to cause allergic reactions in some people.引发过敏性反应The majority of this presentation will focus on这里我们主要关注的是the peanut allergy.花生过敏It has been shown that many individuals研究结果已经表明,有很多人may have developed sensitization to peanuts对花生都会出现敏感反应but only 95% of those are diagnosed但是只有95%会被as clinically allergic.临床诊断为食物过敏Peanut allergy has attracted the most attention由于花生的普遍性because it is relatively common,以及过敏反应的长期性和严重性typically permanent and often severe.花生过敏最为引人关注It has significantly increased globally在过去的十年中,花生过敏在全球范围内in the past decade and is now 2 to 3 times都出现了增长趋势,现在花生过敏的more common than other food allergies.普遍性已经是其他食物过敏的2到3倍One common cause attributed to the increase这其中的一个原因in this particular allergy and for the rise从总体上in allergy incidences in general来说is the hygiene hypothesis.是卫生假设The hygiene hypothesis originated from这种假设起源于epidemiological observations relating exposure流行病学中与过敏风险较小的to other children to a reduced risk of allergy.儿童的接触的观察It has been hypothesized that our society#39;s knack内容为假设我们的社会for cleanliness has attributed to the rise越来越干净in food allergies.这就是食物过敏症增多的原因Studies from many countries show很多国家的研究表明that early exposure of viral infections may如果一个人很早就受到病毒性感染produce a proactive effect against the sensitization那么他可以形成对抗原敏感的对抗能力of allergens and others conclude that另一项研究表明babies born into families with many children在有多个孩子的家庭中出生的孩子are less inclined to develop allergies.更不易出现过敏 Article/201506/379262

  The people here are obsessed with chillies,这里的人们对辣椒很着迷claiming they have a medicinal quality,他们认为辣椒有药用价值driving out the cold, wet climate.能驱寒祛湿You really feel like trying all of them,真想尝遍所有辣椒because some, I#39;ve never seen before.因为一些辣椒 以前见都没见过I hope they#39;re right, because it really is damp here.希望他们是对的 因为这里气候实在是太潮湿了Even the seeds of the chilli,即使是辣椒种子which we tend to avoid in the West,这种在西方我们不吃的东西are sold here as a garnish.在这里也当配头卖They take the seeds out of the ones that are slightly off colour,种子是从那些颜色不是很红that aren#39;t as desirable, 差强人意的辣椒里取出来的so that#39;s a lot of chilli!这袋肯定是好多辣椒的种子了Oh, so they stir-fry it, so it#39;s dry toasting.噢 把种子烘干 爆炒You would think this assault你可能认为辣椒对味蕾的轰炸on their taste buds would be unbearable,让人难以忍受but it#39;s not all about chillies.但调味料并不只有辣椒So big! Where do you start?这么大 从哪里开始走啊There#39;s a second key第二种关键调味料ingredient that absolutely defines Sichuan food.从根本上定义了四川美食This innocent looking这种纯净的香料husk from the berry of the prickly ash bush是花椒灌木的果实外壳is called the Sichuan flower pepper.叫做四川花胡椒 又称花椒It creates an incredibly intense numbing sensation它能带来强烈的麻木感that balances the chilli heat of the food.以平衡食物中的灼热辣感It stimulates the taste buds,它刺激味蕾unleashing an explosion of flavours.释放一种爆炸性的味道I don#39;t know why I#39;m actually a little terrified of trying it,不知道我怎么会有点怕尝它because I#39;ve cooked with it so many times.因为我可是很多次用它做菜的啊Wow!哇!Oh, my God!噢 天那It#39;s really strong, really numbing heat,太强烈了 特别的麻much stronger than what we have in the UK.比英国的花椒烈多了It#39;s these authentic local flavours这种正宗的当地风味that I#39;ve come here to cook with and master.正是我到此地需要熟练使用的烹饪佐料The fragrance of lavender taste is unbelievable.还带有薰衣草香味 真是难以置信I know. Lavender and a little citrus spice to it.我知道 有薰衣草和一点陈皮的香味I haven#39;t been here for almost 24 years我差不多有二十四年没回来了and now I realise how much I miss this fragrance.现在我终于意识到我有多想念这种香味 Article/201507/385816I#39;m battling across a crocodile-infested river in Australia#39;s northern territory.我正试图穿越位于澳洲北部的 一条鳄鱼横生的河流Look. There are bubbles there.But focusing on the crocs and not the climb is a bad mistake.看 那里有水泡冒出来了 但是由于我过度关注水里的鳄鱼One slip and I#39;m hanging on for dear life.导致脚下一滑 因而命悬一线The sanctuary of solid ground can#39;t come too soon.重新踏回安全的陆地可不是那么容易This climb is over,but ahead of me lies hundreds more rivers.终于越过这条河了 但是还有上百条河等着我去跨越I don#39;t want to go through that ordeal again.I need a better plan.我可不想再重蹈覆辙 我得想个别的办法Seeing a lot of these sort of big, dead, old trees.我看到了很多这样硕大干枯的老树The good thing about these they#39;re big, strong, and buoyant.它们有很多优点 体积大 强度高 易漂浮With this sort of thing, I#39;m gonna be able to build a raft,有了这些木头 我可以做一艘木筏and that#39;s gonna take me downstream way faster than trying to meander along all these banks and crossing back and forth the river.Come on, then.我就可以顺着水流到达下游 这可比在这些杂乱的河道里来来回回 蜿蜒前进快多了 那就开工吧Probably the best way of making this is just to do these bunches,the three logs like this.通常情况做木筏最简单的办法就是 把三条木料这样放好 做成几捆Bind these together to a couple of those.You#39;ve got, like, these two hulls.然后再把它们绑到一起 就能做出 像这样的 两截船身And then just do cross struts to that.然后再在上面架上木头And this sort of bamboo vine,it#39;s gonna be great to lash all this together.再找些这样的竹藤 那就可以很好的把木头系到一起Rule of thumb for sort of vine you#39;re looking for when you#39;re building these type of rafts寻找用于做木筏的竹藤 首要原则就是is you want to remember strength, length, bend,and also bite.必须有强度 足够长 有韧性 还必须能把木头捆结实 Article/201701/488043

  栏目简介:;Shanghai Live; focuses on big events in the city and major issues around the world, and presents them in a practical and audience-friendly manner to meet the ever-evolving needs of Shanghai#39;s English-speaking viewers,both local and expatriate.《直播上海英语电台》集中报道城市大事件以及全球热点话题,并以观众喜闻乐见的方式呈现给大家,从而满足上海本地以及上海海外人士的英语需求。 Article/201503/364481


  What Tor did was it made a useable system for people.洋葱网络能向人们提供一个有效的系统People wanted to protect人们想保护what they were looking at on the internet自己在互联网中的浏览信息from being watched by their ISP or their government他们不想一直被互联网务供应商 政府or the company that they#39;re working for at the time.或者自己所在的公司监控But Tor#39;s success wasn#39;t just down to the Navy.但洋葱网络的成功并未止步于海军研究实验室In the mid-2000s, they handed the network over2000年中旬 一个非营利组织to a non-profit organisation who overhauled the system.接手了洋葱网络并对其进行了全面修整Now the network would be represented by people like this -如今洋葱网络由这类人来代表Jake Applebaum...雅格·阿普勒鲍姆..Researchers dedicated to the opportunities研发人员致力于借助洋葱网络they felt Tor could give for free speech.向言论自由提供应有机会We work with the research community all around the world,我们和全世界的研究团体合作the academic community, the hacker community.学术团队 黑客团队It#39;s a free software project这是个免费软件so that means that all the source code is available.因此所有源代码都是公开的That means that anyone can look at it and see how it works,任何人都能看到代码并知道它是如何运行的and that means everybody that does and shares it with us也就是说每个使用并给我们建议的人helps improve the programme都能帮助我们改进软件for everyone else on the planet and the network as a whole.这是为了所有的使用者以及网络本身重点解释:1.at the time at the time例句:It seemed like a disaster at the time.在当时那就像是一场灾难。2.dedicated to 献给例句:She#39;s very dedicated to her work.她对自己的工作专心致志。3.share with 分享例句:I have very happy news to share with you.我有很高兴的消息要告诉你。 Article/201702/492870。


  Dogs. Man#39;s best friend. But do we really know our faithful companions?。人类最好的朋友。但我们真的了解我们忠诚的伴侣吗?How they see their world? What they really think of us?它们如何看待自己的世界?又是如何看待我们的呢?In this film, we#39;ll meet dogs that seem to have a sixth sense.本片将介绍这些似乎拥有第六感的。I knew I#39;d got breast cancer because Max had told me.经马克斯提醒我才发现自己得了乳腺癌。Undying loyalty. That dog saved my life and for that he won the Victoria Cross.不朽的忠诚。他救了我,还因此获得维多利亚十字勋章。Incredible intuition. I#39;ve not taught her to do it, she#39;s just done it.不可思议的直觉。我从没教过她,自己就会了。We#39;ll follow the life of a growing puppy. It could be any dog.我们将追随一只幼犬的成长历程。它可能是任何一只。And in fact, many dogs will play this role.本片将由众多共同讲述。But by watching it develop, we#39;ll reveal the hidden abilities in all dogs.通过观察它成长的点滴我们将揭秘不为人知的能力。In the last few years, scientists have delved deeper than ever before into the canine mind and body, and the results are extraordinary.近几年来科学家对犬类的心理和生理有了更为深入的研究结果令人大开眼界。The way you see dogs will never be the same again.从此,你看待它们的方式将截然不同。A puppy is born every second somewhere in the world.每一秒都有幼犬诞生在这个世界上。And just moments ago, this litter was joined by a sister.不久前,这群幼崽多了个。Our puppy. She weighs under a pound and is remarkably vulnerable.我们的小。她的体重不到五百克脆弱极了。She#39;s born blind and her ears are sealed closed for the first two weeks of her life as they#39;re still developing and are too fragile to be exposed.出生的头两周她的眼睛还看不见,小耳朵也紧紧地闭着,这些器官还在发育,非常脆弱,不能暴露在外。She can#39;t control her own temperature, so she#39;s totally reliant on the warmth of her mum.她无法控制自己的体温,因此完全依赖于妈妈怀抱的温暖。In essence, she#39;s premature.事实上,她尚未发育成熟。So why are puppies born too small to survive on their own?幼犬无法独立生存,为何这么早就出生呢?Well, the smaller the puppy, the larger the litter.幼犬越小,一窝产崽的数量就越多。And as long as they have their mother#39;s protection, more of them will survive.只要它们拥有妈妈的保护,大部分都将存活下来。Combine this with the amazing abilities hidden inside our puppies and you begin to see why dogs have become so successful all over the world.此外,幼犬还有其他了不起的隐藏技能。了解这些,就能逐渐明白为什么犬类遍布全世界。Today dogs are found in more shapes, sizes and varieties than any other mammal on the planet.是目前世界上身形、个头和种类最为丰富的哺乳动物。There are some 500 million dogs alive today and over 400 recognised breeds.世界上现存的约有五亿只,已知种类超过四百种。 Article/201505/374078

  栏目简介:;Shanghai Live; focuses on big events in the city and major issues around the world, and presents them in a practical and audience-friendly manner to meet the ever-evolving needs of Shanghai#39;s English-speaking viewers,both local and expatriate.《直播上海英语电台》集中报道城市大事件以及全球热点话题,并以观众喜闻乐见的方式呈现给大家,从而满足上海本地以及上海海外人士的英语需求。 Article/201507/386630

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