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楼主:知道面诊 时间:2019年08月19日 08:47:20 点击:0 回复:0
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Whether a man is drawn to a woman#39;s body or her face may depend on whether he sees her as a short-term fling or a long-term lover, according to a new study that discusses evolutionary motivations in dating。一项探讨约会中进化动机的最新研究表明,男人关注女伴的身材还是其长相,取决于他把对方看做是短期的纵情对象还是看做长期恋人。Men who, for the purposes of the study, were considering just a fling with a woman were more likely to peek at a picture of her body than men who were thinking about a long-term relationship, the research found. The guys considering a long-term relationship showed a preference for looking at her face。研究发现,相较于那些考虑发展长期关系的男性,期待一夜风流的男性更可能去关注描绘女性身材的图片。而考虑长期发展的男性则对女性的长相有偏好。The findings may reflect men#39;s evolutionary drives, said study co-author Jaime Confer, a psychology graduate student at the University of Texas in Austin. Men who want a fling, she said, may be subconsciously looking to a woman#39;s waistline to judge the woman#39;s current fertility. Men looking for long-term partners, on the other hand, may be more interested in her face for clues of reproductive potential in the future。研究报告作者之一、德克萨斯大学心理学研究生杰米-康弗说,这些结果可能反映了男性的进化动机。她说,一个想要一夜情的男人潜意识地会去看女人的腰围,来判断她的生育能力。而想寻求长期伴侣的男人则更可能对女人的长相感兴趣,因为他想由此看出此女未来的生殖潜力如何。Previous studies have noted that a woman#39;s face reflects her youth and health, which can affect her future reproductive abilities. Lots of wrinkles might suggest she has few childbearing years left, for example. The body, on the other hand, holds clues as to how fertile a woman is right now. Waist-to-hip ratio can signal whether a woman is aly pregnant, and maybe even whether she is currently ovulating, according to previous research。此前已有研究表明,女性的面容可以反映她的年龄和健康状况,而年轻和健康与否可影响其潜在生殖能力。例如,长有很多皱纹可能意味着她几年后便不能再生孩子了。而另一方面,身体的种种特点可以显示出一个女人现在的生育能力如何。之前的研究显示,通过腰臀比例,人们可以看出一个女人是否怀,甚至可能判断出她是否正在排卵。Confer and her colleagues asked 192 men and 183 women, all heterosexual and in college, to consider entering into either a short- or long-term heterosexual relationship. The students were given a masked picture of a potential date, with boxes covering both the head and clothed body. They could choose to remove either the box covering the head or the box covering the body, but not both。康弗和同事要求大学里192名男生和183名女生(全部为异性恋)开始考虑进入一段短期或者长期的两性关系。同时学生们还拿到了潜在约会对象的照片,头和身体均被盒子遮住。受试者可以选择去掉头部的盒子,也可以选择去掉身体部位的盒子,只能择其一。On the whole, 61 percent of men and 69 percent of women chose to see the individual#39;s face. But among the men who were thinking short-term, the interest in viewing the woman#39;s face decreased. Of the men considering short-term relationships, 52 percent chose to see the body。总体来讲,61%的男生选择看对方的脸,这一比例在女生中为69%。但是那些想要短暂关系的男生对观看女性长相的兴趣就降低了。考虑短暂关系的男生中,52%的人选择看对方的身体。 /201507/384639To my husband, my colleagues, my brother, and my friends who have the good fortune to celebrate Father#39;s Day, congrats. Where would we be without you?致我的丈夫, 的同事们,我的兄弟们,还有我的朋友们,祝你们父亲节快乐。如果没有你们,我们将会身处何方?The Toughest Things About Being a Father为父之怒 父亲节谈谈当父亲的喜怒哀乐 /201506/381743

Last week Harris Wittels, the man who coined the phrase “humblebrag”, died at the unconscionable age of 30. In his memory I’ve been sifting through some of the finest examples of this specious genre — the boast that pretends not to be one — and have come up with two favourites.近日,“谦虚的自夸”(humblebrag)一词的创造者哈里斯#8226;维特尔斯(Harris Wittels)英年早逝,年仅30岁。为了纪念他,我把一些最符合这种表面上看不出来的自夸方式——假装不是自夸的自夸——的例子筛选了一番,并挑选出两个我最喜欢的例子。My second best is Stephen Fry’s tweet from 2013: “Oh dear. Don’t know what to do at the airport. Huge crowd, but I’ll miss my plane if I stop and do photos#8201;.#8201;.#8201;.#8201;oh dear don’t want to disappoint.”我挑选出的次佳例子是斯蒂芬#8226;弗莱(Stephen Fry)2013年发的一条推文:“噢天哪。我现在在在机场不知道该怎么办。粉丝太多了,但如果我停下来和他们合影的话,我会错过航班的……噢天啊,真不想让他们失望。”But my runaway first choice is from Oprah Winfrey. “OMG! Just had a SURPRISE date with Jackie Jackson. My teen idol heartthrob. Tried not to talk too much or eat too much. Succeeded at neither!”但我认为最佳例子毫无疑问来自奥普拉#8226;温弗里(Oprah Winfrey)。“噢我的天啊!刚和杰基#8226;杰克逊(Jackie Jackson)结束了一次意外约会。我年少时的梦中情人。我一直尽力让自己不要话太多或者暴露出吃货的一面。结果都没做到!”As Wittels put it: “Oprah, you don’t gotta brag. You’re Oprah.”正如维特尔斯所说:“奥普拉,你用不着自夸。你可是奥普拉啊。”However, there is another sort of boasting that needs exposing even more than the humblebrag as it is more widesp and more lethal. For want of a snappier name, I’m calling it the thirdpartybrag: when you pass on favourable remarks made about you by someone else.不过,还有另一种形式的自夸甚至应该比“谦虚的自夸”更需要被揭露,因为这种自夸更普遍且更具杀伤力。因为想不出更俏皮的名字,我就叫它“他夸”好了(thirdpartybrag):即传播别人对你的赞扬。The rampant popularity of this sort of bragging is for three reasons: it involves minimal queasiness as you don’t have to make the boast yourself; it sounds almost objective; and Twitter makes it a doddle. It is as easy as hitting the retweet button and, far from looking crass, it has the further beauty of seeming almost good manners, as a retweet is a self-serving sort of thank you.这种自夸方式之所以如此受欢迎,原因有三点:它所引起的反感度最小,因为你不需要自吹自擂;听起来差不多是客观的;Twitter使之实践起来易如反掌。这种自夸做起来十分简单,只要点击“转发”按钮,不仅看起来一点也不愚蠢,而且还几乎显得挺有礼貌,因为转发本身就是一种说“谢谢”的方式。A particularly prolific thirdpartybragger is the British scientist Richard Dawkins, who engages in the practice several times a day. During the time I have been writing these paragraphs he has failed to resist the urge to retweet the following from @jamiesaboyname: “Such an amazing experience last night, to be in the presence of two of the worlds most beautiful minds @RichardDawkins @LKrauss1”.英国科学家理查德#8226;道金斯(Richard Dawkins)是一位格外高产的“他夸”践行者,他每天都要实践数次。就在我写到这里时,他没能抵抗住这样做的冲动,转发了@jamiesaboyname的如下:“昨晚面对面见到了世上最具才智之人中的二位——理查德#8226;道金斯(@RichardDawkins)和@LKrauss1,真是令人难忘的经历”。Channelling Wittels, I want to shout: Richard Dawkins, you don’t gotta brag. You’re Richard Dawkins.借用维特尔斯的话,我想大喊道:理查德#8226;道金斯,你用不着自夸。你可是理查德#8226;道金斯啊。I have become so allergic to thirdpartybragging that I am unfollowing everyone who engages in it. So it is farewell Dawkins. It’s also farewell Jack Welch, who one might have thought didn’t gotta brag either. He recently retweeted the following from @SPPresents “@jack_welch Just wanted to say THANK YOU for selecting me to narrate your new book Real Life MBA. It’s well written, funny, and engaging!”我现在对“他夸”非常敏感,取关了所有这样自夸的人。所以,拜拜了道金斯,拜拜了杰克#8226;韦尔奇(Jack Welch)。韦尔奇也是一个人们或许会觉得没必要自夸的人。他最近转发了@SPPresents的如下:“杰克#8226;韦尔奇(@jack_welch),只是想说‘谢谢你’选择让我来朗读你的新书《现实生活中的MBA》(Real Life MBA)。这本书写得很好,既有趣又引人入胜。”Various colleagues have also been removed from my following list, though there are two who are getting a second chance. In one case, the thirdpartybragging was done by the man’s wife; the other retweeted comments about himself that were insulting rather than complimentary. Even though this is merely a thirdpartybrag with a bit of humblebrag thrown in, I’m forgiving him as the insult — that his column was “ludicrous bilge” — was quite funny.许多同事也被我从关注列表中移除了,不过我给了两个人第二次机会。其中一个人,他转的夸奖来自他的妻子;另一个人转发了的是批评,而非赞美自己的话。尽管这“批评”不过是掺杂着些许“谦虚自夸”意味的“他夸”,但我还是原谅了他,因为这条——把他的专栏称为“荒唐的废话”——很有意思。The popularity of thirdpartybragging raises the question: why do people demean themselves in this way? Partly it is because such retweeting administers a stroke to the ego.“他夸”的普遍流行引发了一个问题:人们为什么要这样降低自己的格调?部分原因是这种转发满足了自尊心。However, stroking egos is not what the internet is there for: it is what mothers are for instead. When mine was alive I would ring her up every time anyone said anything nice about me and hold forth at some length. From the other end of the phone would invariably come pleased noises.然而,要满足自尊心,我们不应找互联网,而应该找妈妈。我妈妈在世的时候,每次有人夸我时,我都会给她打电话详细转述。而电话那头的妈妈,必定会开心得大喊大叫。To follow someone on Twitter is not at all like being their mother. When the historian Simon Sebag Montefiore retweets “@SimonMontefiore J’lem one of the best books I’ve . Can’t wait for your next tome!” I don’t make pleased noises; I make vomit ones and hit unfollow.在Twitter上关注某人,决不是要表现地像他们的妈妈一样。当历史学家西蒙#8226;塞巴格#8226;蒙蒂菲奥里(Simon Sebag Montefiore)转发“西蒙#8226;蒙蒂菲奥里(@SimonMontefiore),《耶路撒冷》(Jerusalem)是我读过最棒的著作之一。等不及要看你下一部大作!”时,我没有开心得大喊大叫,而是大喊恶心,随后点击取关。A bigger reason for the thirdpartybrag is not to feed egos, but to flog books, talks and so on. But can something so blatant really work?“他夸”之所以流行,更主要的原因不在于满足自尊心,而是为了推销书籍、讲座等。但如此裸的推销真的能奏效吗?The depressing answer is that it seems to. Seth Godin, a marketing pundit, has just devoted an entire blog post to reproducing gush from a third party. I fear I am the only person who responded badly — 876 people liked the boast post so much they retweeted it.令人沮丧的是,是似乎真的可以。营销大师塞思#8226;戈丁(Seth Godin)不久前刚用一整篇文记录来自别人的恭维之词。恐怕我是唯一感到反感的人——有876人非常喜欢这篇自夸贴,以至于转发了它。Thirdpartybragging shows followers as brainless and perpetrators shameless. In the case of Mr Godin, who is both in marketing and from America — where there is a more robust attitude to boasting in general — it may make sense. But what about Mr Dawkins? Has thirdpartybragging damaged the scientist’s considerable brain?“他夸”显示出粉丝无脑,这种行为的实施者也没有节操。戈丁来自营销界和美国——总体来说对自吹自擂之风态度更为包容的地方,他搞这一套或许还说得通。但道金斯呢?“他夸”难道也损坏了这位科学家聪明的大脑吗?To find out last week I composed a tweet that went roughly: “Didn’t realise @richarddawkins invented the meme. He’s even more of a god than I thought he was.” I sat back and waited for him to retweet, but several days passed and nothing happened. I feel better about Mr Dawkins as a result. But now I am vaguely offended. Didn’t he like my message, or something?为了找出,不久前我发了一条推文,内容大致如下:“没想到是理查德#8226;道金斯(@richarddawkins)发明了“摹因”(meme)一词。他甚至比我之前认为的更牛。”接着我就往椅背上一靠,等待他转发,但很多天过去了,什么都没发生。因此,我对道金斯的看法有所好转。但现在我有了一种模糊的被冒犯的感觉。他是不喜欢我的还是怎么着? /201503/362170

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