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铁门关激光祛痣多少钱兰州军区乌鲁木齐总医院打瘦腿针多少钱Cherries help calm your nervous system.樱桃帮助镇定神经系统。Grapes relax your blood vessels.葡萄有助血管舒张。Oranges help maintain great skin and vision.橘子帮助保持质感皮肤和视力。Apples help your body develop resistance against infections.苹果帮助身体抵抗病菌感染。Watermelon helps control your heart rate.西瓜有助控制心率。Bananas are great for athlethes because they give energy.香蕉对运动员很有好处,能够为其提供能量。Stawberries can potentially fight against cancer and aging.草莓能对抗癌症和老化。Blueberries protect your heart.蓝莓保护心脏。 /201211/209606伊宁市瑞兰美白针多少钱 Friends in your life are like pillars on your porch. Sometimes they hold you up and sometimes they lean on you. Sometimes it#39;s just enough to know they#39;re standing by. Friendship doubles your joy and divides your grief, and that the most beautiful discovery that true friends make is that they can grow separately without growing apart.在你的一生中,朋友就如撑门廊的柱子,有时他们持着你,有时也依赖着你。只要你知道他们一直在你身边就已足够。友情会使你的快乐翻倍,让你的痛苦减半。而最重要的发现是真正的朋友不会因为分隔两地而产生隔阂。Easily the most important place to have a friend is in marriage. For that reason, marriage counselors continually advise husbands and wives to be friends, pointing out that you may divorce your spouse, but you don#39;t divorce your friend.我们很容易想到,最喜欢朋友角色的地方就是婚姻。因此,许多婚姻顾问都建议丈夫和妻子成为彼此的朋友,因为你可以离开你的伴侣,但你绝对不会离开你的朋友。Friendship stabilizes relationships in the business and social worlds as well. A friendship is priceless and should be cherished, cultivated, and nurtured.友情同样在职场和社交生活中起稳固作用。友情无价,它需要被珍惜,培养和经营。1. Remembering the golden rule1. 牢记黄金准则Without a doubt, the greatest human relations principle is to treat other people like you want to be treated. Friendship requires many qualities — unselfishness, genuine care for the other person, and the ability to listen when the other person needs to talk, to name a few. When you show respect for your friends and gratitude for their friendship, you#39;ll be blessed in untold ways.毋庸置疑,最坚不可摧的待人原则就是待人如己。友情需要许多品质:对他人无私,真诚的关怀,当他人需要时倾听对方的心声。当你表达对朋友的尊重和对这份友谊的感恩之情时,对你的庇佑和祝福也会通过各种方式来到你身边。You can#39;t know what has gone on in the rude person#39;s life that day, but you can assume that his or her day hasn#39;t gone well. Maybe a loved one lost his job, her boss reprimanded her unjustly, he#39;s coming down with the flu, or she just found out that her teenager is doing drugs.也许你的朋友那天表现得非常粗鲁无礼,你也许不知道在他身上到底发生了什么,但你可以假设他/她过得并不开心。也许是爱人失业了,也许是她的老板训斥她办事不公,可能是他染了流感,抑或是她刚发现自己的孩子在吸毒。Whatever the cause of the rudeness, you don#39;t have to accentuate the problem. A kind word or a gentle, understanding smile may help the person more than returned rudeness would.无论是什么理由让他/她如此野蛮无礼,你也不需要去强调人家的错误。比起同样粗鲁的行为,用一句友好的问候、一个善解人意的笑容作为回应,更能帮助他们。2. Considering foes as friends2. 视敌为友A friend looks after your own good, is attached to you by affection, and entertains other sentiments of esteem. On the other hand, a foe is someone who isn#39;t interested in your well-being.朋友会照顾你的利益,因为彼此的情感而重视持你,认真对待你的情绪。相反,敌人不会在意你的幸福。Yet some students view their teachers as enemies. However, a student#39;s success in school partly depends on the teacher#39;s effectiveness in the classroom. Instead of being an enemy, a teacher who corrects you and helps you to achieve can be the best friend you ever had.有些学生把他们的老师视为敌人。但是一个学生在学校里的成功部分是取决于老师在课堂上的成效。不要把他们当敌人,帮助你纠正错误取得成功的老师应该是你拥有的最好的朋友!This kind of thinking, along with a little attitude adjustment, helps you to convert foes to friends, and both of you are better off.这种思维方式伴随你态度上的转变,会帮助你将敌化友,而你们双方也会感觉舒很多。3. Making friends by being an optimist3. 乐观达人广交好友Do you enjoy being around a pessimist, someone who is generally described as being able to brighten up a room just by leaving it? The answer is obvious. Most people prefer to be around people who believe that tomorrow is going to be better than today, rather than people who believe that today is even worse than yesterday.你喜欢和一个悲观主义者呆在一起吗?那种一离开房间大伙儿就开心地不得了的人?显而易见。大多数人愿意和相信明天会更好的人交朋友,而不是那些哀叹今天比昨天更糟的人。Optimists sp cheer wherever they go and make others feel good about themselves. That#39;s a guaranteed way to make friends.乐观达人们所到之处都能传播欢笑,也使他人喜欢自己。这是结交朋友的一个保条件哦!4. Capturing the pleasing personality4. 培养讨人喜欢的个性Virtually every time you say that so-and-so has ;charisma,; you#39;re really talking about so-and-so#39;s great personality. When he walks into a room, he has a presence — not just looks — that attracts attention from people around him. Or when she#39;s in a crowd, you soon hear a soft buzz coming from the area where she is.事实上,当你每次赞美某某有风范气质时,你其实就是在谈论他迷人的个人魅力。当他走进房间,他的存在(不单单是他的长相)就会吸引在场的人。或者是即使当她在蜂拥的人群中,你也能很快听到其悦耳的声音从她所在的地方传来。How do you develop a pleasing personality? Here are some steps you can take:如何才能使培养讨人喜欢的性格呢?下面有几个步骤:Smile when you see someone. You don#39;t have to give a wide grin — just a pleasant, friendly smile.遇到他人时微笑。你不需要哈哈大笑,只需要一个愉悦友好的微笑。Speak in a pleasant, upbeat tone of voice. Talk to people as if they are good friends, even if they don#39;t really fall into that category yet.用积极向上的语气和人交谈。说话时把每个人看成你的朋友,即使他们根本还算不上是你的朋友。Take a course in public speaking. The ability to express yourself attracts favorable attention from many sources.进修公共演讲课程。表达能力会使你吸引到四面八方的注意。Develop a sense of humor. Pick up a couple of joke books. This makes you a little more outgoing and friendly. When you combine that quality with the ability to express yourself before a group, your confidence grows.培养自己的幽默感。选择几本笑话书,这会使你更加开朗和友好。当你把这样的品质和表达能力在一群人面前展现出来时,你的自信就会提升。Don#39;t criticize unjustly不要不公正地批判他人Instead of being eager to dish out criticism all the time, take the humane, sensible approach. Look for the good in other people. Encourage them. Build them up.不要总是急于将你对朋友的批评一股脑儿倒出来,试试采用更亲切也更理智的方式。试试去寻找其他人身上的优点,鼓励他们,帮助他们建立自信。Most people seldom think through each situation completely and consider the other person#39;s point of view. If you take the time and effort to do this, you#39;ll end up with more friends.大多数的人很少彻底地想清楚对方的情况,考虑别人的意见。如果你花点时间和精力去做到这一点,你就会有更多的朋友。 /201212/212762Always Thirsty总感到口渴;I had an operation,; said a man to his friend, ;and the doctor left a sponge in me.;一个男人对他的朋友说:“我动了一次手术,手术后医生把一块海绵忘在我的身体里了。”;That#39;s terrible!; said the friend. ;Got any pain?;“真是太糟糕了!”朋友说道:“你觉得疼吗?”;No, but I am always thirsty!;“不疼,可是我总感到口渴。” /201206/185571乌市友谊医院口腔美容中心

新疆整形医学美容医院激光祛痣多少钱Business.商业。Formula One.一级方程式赛车。Flagged down.落马。Can Formula One succeed without Bernie Ecclestone?没有了伯尼#8226;埃克莱斯顿,F1能否继续传奇?BERNIE ECCLESTONE, the boss of the Formula One Group, rarely sticks around for the finish of a Grand Prix. This is meant to show what a serious businessman he is. Still, eyebrows lifted when he didn#39;t turn up at all to last weekend#39;s race at Hockenheim in Germany. An ongoing court case in Germany over a payment of m from Mr Ecclestone to a banker who was involved in the sale of Formula One to CVC Capital, a private-equity firm, in 2005 has put his future at the top of the sport in doubt. German media reported that, had Mr Ecclestone gone to Germany, he might have run into trouble.F1的掌门人伯尼#8226;埃克莱斯顿很少会在国际汽车大奖赛结束后逗留。这意在显示他是一个谨慎的商人。然而公众的对他上周一直没有出现在德国霍根海姆大奖赛一事依旧表示惊讶。在2005年,参与CVC资产合作伙伴公司(一家私募股权公司)收购F1股份的高管承认收到了埃克莱斯顿4千4百万“好处费”,这件正在审理的案子让伯尼在此项运动上掌门地位受到质疑。德国媒体报道称,如果埃克莱斯顿去了德国,他将陷入困境。For CVC Capital, the uncertainty over Mr Ecclestone, who is 81, is becoming a problem. CVC took a huge risk in buying into the sport, at a time when several teams were threatening to break away and form a new outfit, in the hope of extracting a larger share of profits. The breakaway never happened and CVC profited handsomely.对于CVC资产合作伙伴公司来说,81岁埃克莱斯顿的不可靠将成为最大的问题。CVC为收购F1管理公司承担了巨大的风险,因为为在当时有数车队为了争取更大的利润分成,威胁退出F1另组建新赛事。车队退赛没有发生,CVC也赚得漂亮的一手。CVC had hoped to reduce its stake with an initial public offering (IPO) of Formula One on the Singapore stock exchange. However, in May it sold a total of 21% of the sport, for .6 billion, to three institutional investors: Waddell amp; Reid and BlackRock, both American asset managers, and Norges Bank Investment Management, Norway#39;s state money manager. Combined with cash from the business, the sale gave CVC a tasty 300% return on its original investment-though an IPO could have earned it more. In June CVC postponed the proposed IPO, blaming market conditions.CVC本打算通过在新加坡券交易所为F1首次公开募股的方式减持股份。但是在五月,CVC将16亿美元即总资产的21%卖给了三个团体投资人:同为资产管理者的Waddell amp; Reid和黑石,还有挪威投资管理——挪威的国家资金管理者。尽管公开募股会赚的更多,结合从营销中获得的现金,出售给团体投资人还是带给了CVC为原有投资300%的高额回报。在6月,CVC归咎于市场行情,推迟了原有计划的公开募股。Private-equity firms do not often have to deal with chaps like Mr Ecclestone, who has dominated the sport for decades. In 2009 CVC had to join an apology made by Mr Ecclestone for seeming to praise Adolf Hitler. Also that year Sir Martin Sorrell, the boss of WPP, an advertising giant, who sits on the Formula One Group#39;s board, protested when Mr Ecclestone complained that a life ban from Formula One given to Flavio Briatore, Renault#39;s team chief, for ordering a driver to crash, was excessive (The ban was overturned in 2010).私募股权公司不需要经常与像埃克莱斯顿这样献身于F1数十载的老伙计进行交易。在2009年CVC不得不参与到埃克莱斯顿关于自己表扬希特勒的言论的道歉中。在同一年中,WPP,这个广告业巨头的总裁、F1董事会成员之一苏铭天爵士,对埃克莱斯顿的抱怨表示反对,因为埃克莱斯顿认为认为对于雷诺车队队长弗拉维奥?布里亚托利操纵车手故意撞车被终生禁止参与F1任何赛车事务的处置太过分了(这项禁令于2010年废除)。Now CVC is waiting to see whether Mr Ecclestone will be charged in connection with the case involving the German banker, Gerhard Gribkowsky. On June 27th Mr Gribkowsky was found guilty in Munich of receiving corrupt payments, and given a prison sentence, which he is now appealing. According to people close to the sport, if the German authorities charge Mr Ecclestone with a non-trivial offence in relation to the payment to Mr Gribkowsky, (which he has admitted making, though he says he was being blackmailed), he will be permanently removed as chief executive of Formula One Group.现在CVC正在作壁上观,看埃克莱斯顿是否因与德国家Gerhard Gribkowsky 受贿案关联而被控诉。7月27日,Gribkowsky被查出于慕尼黑受贿,已被判入狱,但他现在正在申诉。根据体育圈的人说,如果德国当局对埃克莱斯顿给Gerhard Gribkowsky行贿一事判他严重犯罪(行贿一事埃克莱斯顿已经承认),就算他声称自己是被勒索,他也将永久被剥夺F1首席执行官的职位。CVC#39;s managing partner, Donald Mackenzie, is said to be worried about how his possible departure might affect the business. The Formula One Group depends on reaching agreement with a dozen racing teams and the Federation Internationale de l#39;Automobile, which regulates racing. In the past Mr Ecclestone has handled the teams brilliantly, using divide-and-rule tactics to prevent any serious rebellion and to keep a large share of revenues for his firm. He maintains close relations with circuit owners and governments, which together make up the sport#39;s largest source of revenue, in the form of hosting fees. It is not obvious who inside the business could succeed him; Mr Ecclestone reportedly jokes that a number two could send faxes and bring coffee, but nothing else.CVC的合伙人之一麦肯齐,据说他很担心埃克莱斯顿可能的离开对商业带来的影响。F1的正常运转离不开12参赛车队的合作以及负责管理赛车项目的国际汽车联合会的持。在过去的日子里,埃克莱斯顿运筹帷幄,运用分而治之的策略杜绝任何违规行为并为自己的公司保持巨大的收益。赛道所有者和政府以主办的形式为整个赛事的收益投入巨资,埃克莱斯顿则与这些人保持着紧密的联系。目前在赛车圈内尚未发现合适继任者;埃克莱斯顿据报道有过这样的玩笑话:二把手可以发传真可以买咖啡,但是除了这些也没什么别的能耐了。Bernie#39;s blinkers 伯尼的马失前蹄Mr Ecclestone is a skilled dealmaker; but he has missed out on two areas of opportunity for the sport. The first of these is the internet. Formula One has barely begun to develop its business online. Licensing Formula One brands and content to -games firms could generate pots of money, as could online betting.埃克莱斯顿是个经验丰富的交易商,但他在这项运动的两个方面错失良机。第一个是网络;F1基本没有开发其商业网络,向公司出售F1品牌商标和赛事相关内容的使用权可以带来大量的金钱收入,媲美网上。Second, Formula One has failed to establish itself in America, despite corporate sponsors#39; need for exposure in the world#39;s biggest market. Partly because of the steep fees that Mr Ecclestone charges to host a Grand Prix, circuits often end up losing money and stop hosting the event; there has been no American race for the past five years. That will soon change, with Austin, Texas, hosting a race in November and plans for a Grand Prix in New Jersey in June 2013. Red Bull, a team owned by an Austrian energy-drinks firm, is said to be looking at launching a new ;Stars and Stripes; Formula One team with American drivers. Local drivers boost audiences.第二则是尽管赞助商需要在这个世界最大的市场中露面,F1还是没有进军美国。一部分是由于埃克莱斯顿所需举办大奖赛的经费逐年攀升,赛道所有者往往赔本最终停止举办比赛——美国已经在过去的五年没有举办了。这即将发生改变,德州的奥斯汀市将在11月举办比赛并计划将于2013年6月在新泽西举办大奖赛。由澳大利亚功能饮料公司所有的车队红牛,据说将成为一个由美籍车手参与的新“星条旗”车队,本地的车手则会增加观众的数量。Although losing Mr Ecclestone may not be as big a car crash as some fear, there are other risks for the company that sits atop the sport. The biggest is that the teams will demand more money. Without them, after all, there is no show, and they are the sport#39;s biggest cost. Over time, the racers have claimed an ever larger slice of the cake. In 2003 the teams collectively commanded an estimated 27% of the profits that Formula One derived from its three main businesses (hosting fees from governments, selling television rights, and advertising and sponsorship). In a new deal that lasts until 2020, now signed by nearly all of the teams, they will get 63%.尽管失去了埃克莱斯顿可能不会像撞车那么让人害怕,然而其他的风险对于该公司来说则比比赛本身更重要。最大的问题就是车队会索取更多的利润分成。毕竟没有这些车队,那就没有比赛可言,但他们是整个赛事中花费最大的。随着时间的推移,参赛者要求分到的蛋糕越来越大块。2003年,车队总共要求的经费大约占F1从三大主要商业项目(政府的主办费,电视直播的版权和赞助商的广告费)收益的27%。在一项持续至2020年,现在所有车队几乎都签署了的新交易中,他们将分到收益的63%。And some people wonder if Formula One can carry on charging governments so much to host races. By expanding outside traditional markets in Europe, Formula One has been able to keep raising its fees; non-European governments such as Singapore#39;s or India#39;s pay two-fifths more on average to host Grands Prix than traditional markets. For now, demand from governments comfortably exceeds the number of racing slots available. Mr Ecclestone has no shortage of calls from countries such as C?te d#39;Ivoire and Bulgaria seeking the prestige of hosting a race. Soon, however, they may be calling someone else.有些人怀疑F1还能否继续像现在这样向政府收取大量承办费用。通过跳出欧洲传统市场进行扩张,F1已经可以持续不断地募集经费;非欧洲国家政府例如新加坡和印度,相比传统市场平均付了举办大奖赛费用的五分之二。目前,政府的需求远大于已有可用于比赛的赛道数量。埃克莱斯顿呼吁像科特迪瓦和保加利亚这样,试图通过举办比赛增加威望的国家毫无压力。不过不久之后,这些国家可能要联系其他人了。 /201208/193357乌鲁木齐整形美容医院点痣多少钱 Being engaged is all about going to cake tastings, being forced to have an opinion on centerpieces, and answering “how did you propose” about one billion times. Women expect to hear something romantic, like you swooped down on a flying unicorn and popped the question as you flew past the sunset. No one wants to hear that you asked her during halftime to order some more wings and/or marry you. Avoid looking like a completely douchebag by not proposing in any of the following ways.  订婚了就要到处张罗:品尝蛋糕,发表订婚感言,还得不厌其烦地无数次回答:“你是怎么求婚的?” 这个问题。女人喜欢听到很浪漫的求婚戏码,比方说你在夕阳的背景下骑着飞行的独角兽,突然冲到她面前向她求婚。没人会喜欢你在去订鸡翅的半路上问她要不要嫁给你。不想做个讨厌鬼,就别像下面这几种方式求婚:  7. The Post-Pregnancy Proposal 奉子求婚  Since it's not the 1950's anymore and out-of-wedlock mothers aren't required to wear the scarlet letter, there's no reason to pop the question just because she's pregnant. Getting married won't change the fact that a baby is coming and all your beer money is now going to be going into the diaper fund. Do the gentleman-like thing, ask for the kid to be named after you, write her a check for 18 years of child support, and get a vasectomy.  现在已经不是20世纪50年代了,未婚先的妈妈也不会被钉上耻辱柱受世俗的指责,所以不用在她怀的时候突然求婚。结婚不会改变孩子马上要出生而你的零花钱得全部用作奶粉钱的事实。有点绅士风度,真诚地请求让这个孩子跟你姓,给她写张票付孩子未来18年的抚养费,然后去做结扎绝育手术。  小编注:《红字》19世纪美国作家霍桑的代表作,书中的女主角因为未婚先被迫带上代表耻辱的鲜红A字,A代表adultery。  6. The During Her Marriage Proposal 抢婚式求婚  Despite what Hollywood may tell you, brides do not want you barging into their wedding, stopping the vows, and proclaiming your love for them. And I'll tell you what, there are extremely high odds that she will say no. So have some class and save the big, romantic movie gestures for moments when they're needed — such as when you ask your girlfriend to choose you over her wildly successful job.  别管好莱坞电影是怎么演的,任何新娘都不会想让你闯入她的婚礼现场,阻止宣誓仪式,向她和她的新郎宣告你对她的爱。 跟你说实话吧,她十有八九会拒绝你。所以拜托你长点脑子,那些宏大浪漫的电影桥段留到需要的时候吧:比方说你要求女朋友在你和她的成功事业间做选择的时候。  5. The Edible-Ring Proposal 藏在蛋糕里的戒指  It sounds romantically-cliche to propose via an engagement ring hidden at the bottom of chocolate mousse. In reality, it's a subconscious death wish for your significant other. After all, if you were caught placing choke-able objects in someone's food in any other situation, you would be arrested for attempted murder.  把订婚戒指藏在巧克力蛋糕里求婚,听起来似乎是很浪漫,但其实已经老掉牙了。实际上,这种求婚方式可能给你的另一半带来潜在的死亡危险。毕竟在任何情形下你把可能会噎死人的东西放在别人的食物里,你都可能因为意图谋杀罪被捕。  4. The Funeral Proposal 葬礼上的求婚  Going to a funeral naturally makes you freak out about your future. You're wondering if you've done anything worthwhile with your life besides that 9 minute keg stand junior year of college. But your mid-life crisis is no reason to reach out to last week's one-night stand and ask them to marry you. Instead of putting yourself on the fast track for a divorce, ask out the hottest girl at the funeral, and pray like hell you're not related.  参加葬礼一般都会让你对未来感到崩溃。你会反思人生,觉得自己除了在大三的时候玩游戏外,人生再也没啥有价值的事情了。不过中年危机并不能成为你的借口,让你向上周跟你一夜情的姑娘伸出魔掌让她们嫁给你。别自己搭上闪电离婚的快车,不如邀请葬礼上身材最火辣的姑娘跟你约会吧,而且最好祈祷你们没啥关系。  3. The Public Proposal 当众求婚  Deciding to get married is kind of a big deal. It's up there with deciding what you should do for a living and what secret file name you should hide your porn under. So why put your girlfriend on the spot by popping the question in front of family and friends? Odds are she won't want to say “let's talk about this later” in front of everyone. Instead you'll get an awkward silence while she contemplates the question followed by a half-assed yes.  决定要结婚是件大事,和考虑要靠什么谋生还有该把藏在哪个秘密文件下一样重要。所以在大庭广众亲朋好友面前突然当场求婚?有可能她不会当着大家的面说“我们晚点再说吧”,但是她在思考这个问题的时候,你得经历一段尴尬的沉默,而她的回答也多半会是不情不愿的“好吧”。  2. The Social Media Proposal 社交媒体求婚  Just because everyone communicates in 140 characters or less these days doesn't mean that you should propose via Facebook status. Nothing says I'm too lazy to get offline like an e-mail with the subject line “will you marry me。” And please don't think adding in a clever kissy smiley face will help matters at all.  虽然现在每个人都在用140字限制的社交网络来相互联系,但这并不意味着你就应该通过facebook求婚。懒到发一份主题为“你愿意嫁给我吗”的求婚邮件就匆匆下线,你别以为加个可爱的亲吻笑脸就能一切搞定了。  1. The Valentine's Day Proposal 情人节求婚  Isn't there enough going on with women carrying around carnations and adult men dressed as giant baby cupids? There's no need to add to the corniness of the holiday by throwing in a wedding proposal. The only exception to this cliche proposal is if you forget to get a gift and need to think of something in a hurry.  拜托,情人节的大街上抱着康乃馨的女人和穿成巨婴丘比特的成年男人还少吗?没必要再老土到在这天提出求婚。不过这种老土的求婚戏码也可以有例外:要是你忘了买情人节礼物得马上想出点什么惊喜的话。 /201111/160601克拉玛依市开个眼角多少钱

阿克苏彩光祛斑的价格;Boy, why have you got cotton-wool in your ear? Is it infected?; ;No, sir, but you said yesterday that everything you told me went in one ear and out the other , so I am trying to stop it.;“孩子,你为什么用棉花塞住耳朵?它感染了吗?” “没有,老师。可是你昨天说你告诉我的知识都是一个耳朵里进,一个耳朵里出,所以我要把它堵在里面。” Are you easily provoked? Wish you had a strategy to remain cool, calm and collected when someone makes you angry? 你容易被激怒吗?是不是希望在有人惹你生气时能有一种方法让自己保持冷静、镇定和沉着? New research says you should try this: Pretend you#39;re viewing the irritating situation from a distance, rather than actively participating in it. 最新的研究表明,你应该试试这种方法:假装你是在从远处旁观令人生气的场景,而不是参与其中的局内人。 The study, from researchers at The Ohio State University and the University of Michigan, shows that this strategy, called #39;self-distancing,#39; can help minimize how angry and aggressive people become when someone aggravates them. It also shows that this technique can be learned quickly - and can work in the heat of the moment, when people are most likely to act aggressively. 俄亥俄州立大学(Ohio State University)和密歇根大学(University of Michigan)的研究员所做的这项研究表明,这种被称为“自我疏离”(self-distancing)的方法有助于将人们在被激怒时的愤怒和攻击性降到最低。研究还表明,这种方法学起来很快,而且能在人们最有可能表现出攻击性的关键时刻起作用。 #39;People don#39;t self-distance naturally; when they become angry, they naturally ruminate on it,#39; says Brad J. Bushman, a professor of communication and psychology at Ohio State and one of the study#39;s co-authors. This, he says, #39;keeps the aggressive thoughts and angry feelings active in your mind, which makes it more likely that you#39;ll act aggressively.#39; 俄亥俄州立大学传播学和心理学教授、该研究报告作者之一布什曼(Brad J. Bushman)说,人们不会自然地进行“自我疏离”;当他们生气时,会很自然地沉迷于自己的情绪当中。他说,这会让攻击性的想法和愤怒的情绪活跃在脑子里,从而使人更有可能表现出攻击性。 The findings, published online in the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, were gathered from two related experiments. 这项发表在《实验社会心理学杂志》(Journal of Experimental Social Psychology)网站上的研究结果是从两个相关的实验中得来的。 All of the subjects were told that they were participating in a study of the effects of music on creativity. They were asked to try and solve difficult anagrams (rearranging letters to form words such as #39;pandemonium#39; or #39;lieutenant#39;) in seven seconds with Igor Stravinsky#39;s Rite of Spring playing loudly, and to announce their answers over an intercom. 所有研究对象都被告知是参加一项音乐对创造性的影响的研究。研究人员要求他们尝试在七秒钟内解决很难的拆字重组字谜(重组单词中的英文字母组成“pandemonium”或“lieutenant”等单词),并通过对讲系统说出自己的。解字谜的同时大声播放着斯特拉文斯基(Igor Stravinsky)的《春之祭》(Rite of Spring)。 To provoke them, the experimenters interrupted repeatedly, first telling them to speak louder and eventually saying, #39;This is the third time I have to say this! Can#39;t you follow directions? Speak louder!#39; 为了激怒他们,实验人员不停地打断他们,先是让他们提高嗓门,最后说“这是我第三次这么说了!你就不能按要求做吗?再大点声!” The participants were then assigned to one of three groups and asked to replay the scene in their mind for 45 seconds. The immersion group was told to view it as if it were happening all over again. The self-distancing group was told to look at it from a distance. The control group received no specific directions. 接着研究人员将参与者分成三组,并让他们在脑中将刚才的场景回想45秒钟。第一组被告知回想时要身临其境。“自我疏离”小组被告知从远处观察。对照组没有接到任何具体的指令。 Then the real experiments started. In the first, 94 college students were asked to report their mood and to complete words that had blank letters. In the second one, 86 students were told they were competing with a partner to see who could push a button faster. The winner could then blast the loser with an intense noise through a headset, choosing the decibel level and duration. 接着真正的实验开始了。在第一个实验中,研究人员要求94名大学生说出自己的情绪,并完成有字母空白的单词。(Ki**可以是kite、kiss或kill。)在第二个实验中,86名学生被告知他们要与一位同伴比赛,看谁更快按下按钮。然后赢的人可以在耳机里向输的人发出刺耳的噪声,分贝和持续时间由赢的人定。 The result: Students who used the self-distancing strategy were less angry and irritable - and behaved less aggressively, using shorter and less intense noise blasts - than those who used the self-immersion approach or those in the control group. 结果是:相对身临其境组或对照组的学生,用自我疏离方法的学生没那么生气和易怒,行为的攻击性也较小。 #39;The better approach is to step back and view the situation like a fly on the wall,#39; says Dr. Bushman. 布什曼士说,最好的方法是抽身而出,把发生的场景当作 上的一只苍蝇来看。 /201207/192276乌市去除黑眼圈多少钱乌鲁木齐妇幼保健院祛痣多少钱

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