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明星资讯腾讯娱乐2019年08月25日 00:57:06
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Be Happy!“The days that make us happy make us wise.”----John Masefield when I first this line by England’s Poet Laureate, it startled me. What did Masefield mean? Without thinking about it much, I had always assumed that the opposite was true. But his sober assurance was arresting. I could not get it. Finally, I seemed to grasp his meaning and realized that here was a profound observation. The wisdom that happiness makes possible lies in clear perception, not fogged by anxiety nor dimmed by despair and boredom, and without the blind spots caused by fear.Active happiness---not mere satisfaction or contentment ---often comes suddenly, like an April shower or the unfolding of a bud. Then you discover what kind of wisdom has accompanied it. The grass is greener; bird songs are sweeter; the shortcomings of your friends are more understandable and more givable. Happiness is like a pair of eyeglasses correcting your spiritual vision. Nor are the insights of happiness limited to what is near around you. Unhappy, with your thoughts turned in upon your emotional woes, your vision is cut short as though by a wall. Happy, the wall crumbles.The long vista is there the seeing. The ground at your feet, the world about you----people, thoughts, emotions, pressures---are now fitted into the larger scene. Everything assumes a fairer proportion. And here is the beginning of wisdom. 快乐“快乐的日子使人睿智”--- 约翰·梅斯菲尔德第一次读到英国桂冠诗人梅斯菲尔德的这行诗时,我感到十分震惊他想表达什么意思?我以前从未对此仔细考虑,总是认定这行诗反过来才正确但他冷静而又胸有成竹的表达引起了我的注意,令我无法忘怀终于,我似乎领会了他的意思,并意识到这行诗意义深远快乐带来的睿智存在于敏锐的洞察力之间,不会因忧虑而含混迷惑,也不会因绝望和厌倦而黯然模糊,更不会因恐惧而造成盲点积极的快乐 – 并非单纯的满意或知足 – 通常不期而至,就像四月里突然下起的春雨,或是花蕾的突然绽放然后,你就会发觉与快乐结伴而来的究竟是何种智慧草地更为青翠,鸟吟更为甜美,朋友的缺点也变得更能让人理解,宽容快乐就像是一副眼镜,可以矫正你的精神视力快乐的视野并不仅限于你周围的事物当你不快乐时,你的思维陷入情感上的悲哀,你的眼界就像是被一道墙给阻隔了,而当你快乐时,这道墙就会砰然倒塌你的眼界变得更为宽广你脚下的大地,你身边的世界,包括人,思想,情感和压力,现在都融入了更为广阔的景象之中,其间每件事物 的比例都更加合理而这就是睿智的起始 37838MARS Mars According to the best evidence gathered by space probes and astronomers, Mars is an inhospitable planet, more similar to Earth's Moon than to Earth itself-a dry,stark,seemingly lifeless world. Mars' air pressure is equal to Earth's at an altitude of 0,000 feet. The air there is 95% carbon dioxide. Mars has no ozone layer to screen out the Sun's lethal radiation. Daytime temperatures may reach above freezing, but because the planet is blanketed by the mere wisp of an atmosphere, the heat radiates back into space. Even at the equator, the temperature drops to 50 ℃ ( 60 ) at night. Today there is no liquid water, although valleys and channels on the surface show evidence of having been carved by running water. The polar ice caps are made of frozen water and carbon dioxide, and water may be frozen in the ground as permafrost.Despite these difficult conditions, certain scientists believe that there is a possibility of transming Mars into a more Earth like planet. Nuclear reactors might be used to melt frozen gases and eventually build up the atmosphere. This in turn could create a "greenhouse effect" that would stop heat from radiating back into space. Liquid water could be thawed to m a polar ocean. Once enough ice has melted, suitable plants could be introduced to build up the level of oxygen in the atmosphere so that,in time, the planet would support animal life from Earth and even permanent human colonies. "This was once thought to be so far in the future as to be irrelevant," said Christopher McKay, a research scientist at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. "But now it's starting to look practical.We could begin work in four or five decades." The idea of "terra ming" Mars, as enthusiasts call it, has its roots in science fiction. But as researchers develop a more profound understanding of how Earth's ecology supports life, they have begun to see how itmay be possible to create similar conditions on Mars. Don't plan on homesteading on Mars any time soon, though. The process could take hundreds or even thousands of years to complete, and the cost would be staggering. 58331

日常口语:“校花”和“校草”英语怎么说? -- ::53 来源: 很多年以前,学校、班级,甚至宿舍就已经有“花”这个称谓了,说的是学校、班级或者宿舍范围内最漂亮的女孩子可是,校园里只有花是不行的于是,就有了现在跟“校花”相映成趣的“校草”今天我们就来讨论一下“校花”和“校草”的英文说法“校花”的英文说法最常见的有school babe和campus belle两种Babe is a word used to address a young woman, or your wife, husband or lover, usually expressing affection but sometimes considered offensive if used by a man to a woman he does not know. Now many people use it to refer to an attractive young woman, example: she is really a babe.Babe这个词是对年轻女子或爱人的昵称,男子用以称呼不相识的女子则有冒犯之嫌不过,现在很多人都用这个词来指代年轻貌美的女子例如:她真是个美女French word "belle" means beautiful woman, hence, campus belle is the most beautiful girl in the school.Belle是个法语词,意思是“美丽的女人”,那么campus belle也就是学校里最美丽的女子(即“校花”)了“校草”的英文表达呼声最高的当属school hunk了Hunk is a slang term a sexually appealing man, a person who is sexually attractive or a well-muscled, sexualized man.Hunk是个俚语表达,指性感有魅力的男子,或者身形健壮、有吸引力的男子 怎么 英语 口语 日常

地道口语:粗俗英语的用法之FUCK篇(+18以下禁入) -- ::00 来源: 单独使用可以作为无任何意义的语气词不过也可以放在动词和介词的词组中间应用以加强语气,比如get fuck out,shut fuck up,一般所跟随的介词以元音开头效果更好,一气呵成,不着痕迹be fucked严格的语法上来说呢,这个就是fuck的被动语态,8过实际应用中只要不是很顺心的状况呢,都可以用一般对人不对事有人倒霉了,基本上就是he's fucked了fucking语法中有动词进行式做形容词的用法这个fuck一加上ing的话就是包治百病天下无双了……基本上所有的名词都可以形容最为顺口的就是fucking asshole了fuck you最常见的用法,矛头直指对方,快意恩仇发音简单一学就会,一句在口可以走遍美国了如果跟对方没什么计较的话fuck哪个也都可以,fuck him, fuck her, fuck them, fuck the states, fuck the world, 不过总是没有fuck you来得理直气壮言简意赅fuck me嘿嘿,这个,一般只在特定场合特定行为中由特定人物表达简单来说,就是女性专用……各位同学大家知道就可以了,这个,不用反复操练的……fuck up搞砸了,一般对事不对人,类似表达可以用screw upfuck off收声闭嘴之极度表达以程度类推效果大于hold your tounge大于shut up大于watch your mouthfuck with sb.对某人找茬,故意戏弄某人这个……大家千万不要误解为与某人XX……fuck you very much这里的fuck you就比较活络了不看语气和表情就很难判断对方的意图因为他很有可能是在用另外一种方式说“thank you very much”motherfucker跟老外比起来我们中华民族泱泱大国就文明多了就算问候对方家长也是身体力行,或者“X你妈”或者“X你大爷”,老外比较懒,这些事情也都交给被骂的家伙去办了……"Fuck" 是现代英语中最强烈,最有争议的粗语之一,这个词可能也是世界上最著名的亵渎语但何时这个词从一个友好用法变成亵渎用法却仍然无法解释一些明显示,在一些英语为母语的地区,这个词直到世纪才有一种攻击和亵渎的含义; 而另外一些明却表明,早在世纪的英国,这个词已经变成粗语一些诸如牛津大英字典的权威资料仍然无法确定这个粗语的来源,但倾向于相信撒克逊人 (英国人)起源说,然后再流传到英国殖民地,再到全世界在现代英语中,"Fuck"是一种高度冒犯性的用词,是最为严厉的字母词"Fuck" 原意就是XXXXX(操,干),但它往往被用作一个咒骂语和语气加强词一些"Fuck"原意的例子有:"Let's fuck." (让我们操吧)"That was a good fuck." (那真是一次美妙的XXXXX)"I cant believe shes fucking him!" (我不能相信她正在操他!)"I fucked my teacher!" (我干了我老师)其他则是一些粗直语用法,但这些用法往往牵涉到性,譬如XXXXXX(fuck you)或者*(fuck yourself)."Fuck you!" or "Go fuck yourself!" (我不喜欢你,快滚开)"He"s a dumb fuck." (他是个白痴)"Sorry, I fucked up your computer." (不好意思,我弄坏了你的电脑)"He s pretty fucked up." (他心理或者心情不稳定)"I fucked up on this test." (我这次测验做的很糟)"Lets fuck around a couple hours." (让我们浪费个小时好了)"Im fucked." (结果)"What the fuck!" (到底刚才发生了什么?)"Shut the fuck up!" (闭嘴)"Im so fucked up right now." (我已经烂醉或者被药物搞的晕晕乎乎了)其他一些粗直用法则没有任何冒犯或者牵涉到性的意思而且当这个词被移除之后,这句句子的语意仍然保持不变譬如:"None of your fucking business!" (不关你"鸟"事)"Un-fucking-believable!" (真难以置信!)"What a fucking great day outside!" (外边的天气真"他妈的"的好)"Shut the fuck up!" (你他妈的闭嘴)"Abso-fuckin-lutley!" "绝对是!""Hey!, Why dont you go outside and play Hide-N-Go-Fuck-Yourself!" "嘿,为什么你不出去自己一个人玩?"Fuck!" (当一些不快的事情发生)"Hes a great fucker!" (他是一个非常好的家伙,并不意思他是一个非常好的性伙伴)在最后一个例子中,"Fucker"这个词被用作一种赞赏,但这种用法并不常见譬如: "You are a smart fucker (你是一个聪明的家伙)". 但正因为这种用法的粗鲁及不明确性, 除非对方是一个你非常熟悉的朋友,这个用法还是不要用的好因为有可能你的赞赏会被误解"Fuck"这个词也是非常多样化的,譬如:"Fucking fuck those fucking fuckers!" ("忘记那些另人讨厌的家伙吧.") "Fucking fuckers fucking fucked!" ("它被弄坏了")第二个例子很好的演示了这个词的多样性,它是一个名词,一个冠词,一个现在分词和一个形容词另外一个可以显示其多样性的例子是Mary Prankster 的歌:Mercyfuck (1998)I wish I could fuck all my sorrow awayAnd fuck til the dawn of the next fucking dayFuck the chorus and verse, fuck the pain getting worseFuck it all til I burnI wish I could fuck all of you til you seeIm the worst fuck-up in all historyFuck your image and mine, fuck your limp valentineFuck it all til I learn再补充一下"Fuck"这个词的常用法:动词可以当作一个及物动词:He fucked her. (他操了她.)或者不及物动词:They fucked all night. (他们干了整个晚上)或者对象非人的用法:Im not going down there, fuck that, dude! (我不会下去的,操那东西,哥们!)Im not doing that. Fuck outta here! (我不会做的,忘记它吧!)名词She is a real fuck. (没有特定的侮辱)She is a good fuck. (特定的指向XXXXXX)Eat my fuck. (是一种侮辱)We had a good fuck last night. (作为一个性行为)That was a total cluster fuck. (很多出错的事的当中一个)Oh my fuck! (表明一种惊讶的意思)Im being sent to Bumfuckegypt. (很有可能出自一个军事源头)感叹词Fuck作为感叹词时一般表示一种惊讶,不满或者愤怒的意思, 如:Fuck! A punctured tire!也可以表示一种正向的惊讶:Fuck! Theyve hacked this computer! (噢!他们黑了这台电脑!)Fuck! This is the best movie EVER! (噢!这是历史上最好的电影!)现在分词作为现在分词,Fucking (fuckin) 往往用来加强一个动词或者名词的语气它的正向意义往往多于其反向意义如:My fucking boss made me work all weekend. (我那天杀的老板让我加整个周末的班)She is fuckin hot. (她真他妈的性感)除此之外,Fuck的现在分词有时在一个词的中间这种用法叫作感叹插入语. 这种fucking插入法的规则是: "fucking"只能插入到一个多音节词的韵脚之间, 例如:that was abso-fuckin-lutely cool! (那真他妈的酷!)In-fucking-credible (难以置信)fan-fucking-tastic (真棒)un-fucking-believable (无法相信)congratu-fucking-lations (祝贺祝贺)whoop-dee-fucking-doo (%@@#@#)过去分词fuck的过去分词意思一样完全无用的,被损坏的,或者被搞糟的事物在形容一个人的时候,它表示一种筋疲力尽或者烂醉的意思 譬如:The hard drive crashed, so now the database is fucked. (硬盘坏了所以现在数据库也被损坏了)Your engines fucked because you got to change the oil! (你的引擎坏了,因你忘记换油了)Now that the electricity is out, your computer is fucked. (没电了,你的电脑没用了)You were completely fucked last night. (你昨晚真是糟糕透了)动词短语"To fuck up"意思是破坏,"to be fucked up"往往意思烂醉,或者更正规的意思是身体或者心理上的伤害(常用于美国) 如:The bouncer really fucked up that guy who kept causing trouble. (那个保镖把那个老是滋事的家伙打的够呛)My sisters been really fucked up since her fiancé dumped her. 我的()惨极了,因为她的未婚夫抛弃了她当在形容事物的时候,"to be fucked up"意思是这件事物是精神上或者其他方面上错误的She stole my wallet while I was passed out; thats so fucked up! (在我走出去的时候,她偷了我的钱包;那绝对是件错误的事)"To fuck over" 意思背叛,或者通常不讨人喜欢的行为Yeah, he slept with my girlfriend. I cant believe he fucked me over like that! (他睡了我GF,我真的无法相信他如此背叛我!)I got fucked over at work today – they promoted my assistant instead of me. (今天我在上班的时候被玩了: 他们提升了我助理,而不是我!)混成词F的发音有时被提高语调,以表示强烈的辱骂Thats fugly (fucking ugly). (那真他妈的丑)You fucktard (fucking retard). (你他妈的智障)You flooser! (fucking loser) (你他妈的失败者)讲演语气Fuck有时在讲演时被用作一种填补,用法很象um..., 或者like..Her name is, fuck... What was her name again? (她的名字是,恩,她的名字是什么?)the fuck 常用来加强语气,类似于“到底”、“究竟”、“the heck”、“onearth”、“the hell”等,在疑问词后例1 熟人间的问候: "How the fuck are ya?"例 疑问: "What the fuck is(are).......?"例3 不满: "What the fuck is going on here?"例 迷惘: "Where the fuck are we."例5 担心: "Let's get the fuck out of here."例6 怀疑: "How the fuck did you do that?"get fucked , be fucked 被骗;遇到麻烦例7: "I got fucked by the car dealer."例8: "I guess I'm fucked now."Fucked again 表示绝望,“完了……”Fuck it 屈从,放弃例9: "Oh, fuck it!"Fuck you ! 不用多解释了Fuck me. 表示厌恶 类似“sth disgusts me”fucking 类似 the fuck ,作加强语气,不过还可作形容词,表示一些不爽的事物例: "I don't understand this fucking business!"例:根本不想  "I didn't fucking do it."例:骂人反击  "Up your fucking arse!""He's a fucking asshole."例:当然也有表示高兴的时候,类似于“我他妈……” "I fucking couldn'tbe happier."例:放在一个词的中间(注意这种用法哦,国内较少见)增强语气:"UNFUCKINGBELIEVABLE!"例:表示时间 "It's five fucking thirty."Fuck off. “滚开” 类似“go away”Fuck around. 胡闹 “Quit ye fucking around!”Fuck up. 弄砸了 “How did you fuck your exam up?”Fuck with 干涉 类似于“interfere with”be fucked out 疲劳的,类似于“exhausted”fuck 单独的用法:例:几乎 "I know fuck all about it."例: 谁在乎过我了?"Who really gives a fuck, anyhow?" FUCK 一词并不邪恶,没有一些女生想象的那么坏,它在美国人的口语中出现的频率很高,就如同我们常说的“我KAO”下面列举了一些名人说话中用过的FUCK:  广岛市市长   "What the fuck was that?"  Custer 上将 "Where did all these fucking Indians come from?"泰坦尼克号船长 "Where the fuck is all this water coming from?"约翰.列农 "That‘s not a real fucking gun."尼克森总统 "Who‘s gonna fucking find out?"航天飞机的指挥官 "Let the fucking woman drive."爱因斯坦"Any fucking idiot could understand that."毕加索 "It does so fucking look like her!"沃尔特.迪斯尼 "Fuck a duck."艾德门德.希拉里 "Why?- Because its fucking there!"约翰.肯尼迪  "I need this parade like I need a fucking hole in myhead."perhaps one of the most interesting words in the English Language today is the word "Fuck".也许英文中最有趣的单词之一就是今天要讲的FuckOut of all of the English words that begin with the letter "F", Fuck is the only word that is refer to as the F-Word.在所有以F开头的英文单词中,Fuck是唯一会被称为“那个以F开头的单词”It"s the one magical word just by its sound can describe pain, pleasure, hate and love.这是一个神奇的词,仅仅通过它的发音就可以表达痛苦、愉悦、仇恨和喜爱Fuck, as most words in the English language is derived from German the word "frichen" which means "to strike".Fuck正如大多数英语单词一样,来源于一个德语单词"Frichen",这个单词的意思是“击打”In English Fuck falls into many grammatical categories.在英语中,Fuck又有多种用法As a transitive verb , instance, "John Fucked Shirley"; as a intransitive verb, "Shirley Fucks. "作为一个及物动词,例如,John**Shirley;作为一个不及物动词,Shirley***Its meanings not always sexual.它的意思并不总是和性有关It can be used as an adjective such as "John"s doing all the Fucking work".它可以作为一个形容词,例如:John正在做所有*该死的工作As an adverb, "Shirley talks too Fucking much."作为一个副词,Shirley的话真是太*多了As an adverb enhancing and adjective, "Shirley is Fucking beautiful".作为副词或形容词时如果用升调读出,Shirley真是太*漂亮了As a noun, "I don"t give a Fuck".作为一个名词,我才不*管那么多As part of a word, "abso-Fucking-lutely" or "in-Fucking-credible".作为词语的一部分,如*完全的,*难以置信的And as almost every word in a sentence "Fuck the Fucking Fuckers".也可以被放在同一个句子中,**这个**的**As you must realise there aren"t too many words with the versatility of Fuck, as in these examples describing situations such as:你应该注意到了,没有太多的单词像Fuck这样有多种功能,在如下的例子中描述不同的情况,如:Fraud : "I got Fucked by the car dealer."受骗:我被车贩子骗了Dismay: "Ah Fuck it" .沮丧:我*Trouble: "I guess I"m really Fucked now" .麻烦:我猜我这次真的栽了Aggression: "Don"t Fuck with me body" .挑衅:小子,不关你的事Difficulty: "I don"t understand this Fucking question"困难:我不明白这个*问题Inquiry: "Who the Fuck was that?"质疑:那*是谁?Dissatisfaction: "I don"t like what the Fuck is going on here"不满:我不喜欢这里正在发生的$%$%^Incompetence: "He"s a Fuck up"无奈:他就是一个**Dismissal: "Why don"t you go outside and play hide and go Fuck yourself?"打发:你为什么不出去$^$^#^#I"m sure you can think of much more examples.我肯定你还可以想到更多例子With all of these multipurpose applications, how can anyone be offended when you use the word?在各种各样的情况下,怎么用这个词得罪别人呢?We say use this unique flexible word more often in your daily speech.我们可以在日常对话中更多的使用这个唯一的多样的词It will identify the quality of your character immediately.它能立即让你显得有性格Say it loudly and proudly——FUCK YOU! 以下 用法 英语 口语

  A Mother's Letter to the WorldDear World:My son starts school today.It’s going to be strange and new to him a while.And I wish you would sort of1) treat him gently.You see,up to now,he’s been king of the roost.He‘s been boss of the back yard.I have always been around to repair his wounds,and to soothe) his feelings.But now―things are going to be different.This morning,he’s going to walk down the front steps,wave his hand and start on his great adventure that will probably include wars and tragedy and sorrow.To live his life in the world he has to live in will require faith and love and courage.So,World,I wish you would sort of take him by his young hand and teach him the things he will have to know.Teach him―but gently,if you can.Teach him that every scoundrel3),there is a hero;that every crooked) politician there is a dedicated leader;that every enemy there is a friend.Teach him the wonders of books.Give him quiet time to ponder the eternal mystery of birds in the sky,bees in the sun,and flowers on the green hill.Teach him it is far more honorable to fail than to cheat.Teach him to have faith in his own ideas,even if everyone else tells him they are wrong.Teach him to sell his brawn and brains to the highest bidder5),but never to put a price on his heart and soul.Teach him to close his ears to a howling mob...and to stand and fight if he thinks he’s right.Teach him gently,World,but don’t coddle him,because only the test of fire makes fine steel.This is a big order,World,but see what you can do.He‘s such a nice little fellow. 96

  八月是多么令人惬意的季节啊!果园和麦田到处都充溢着忙碌劳作的声响;串串果实压得果树都弯下了腰,枝条低垂到地面;还有谷穗,有的一捆捆优雅地堆挤在一起,有的迎风招展,仿佛在向镰刀求爱,它们给周围的景致染上了一层金黄的色调;整个大地似乎笼罩在醇香柔和的气氛中 August by Charles DickensThere is no month in the whole year, in which nature wears a more beautiful appearance than in the month of August. Spring has many beauties, and May is a fresh and blooming month, but the charms of this time of year are enhanced1) by their contrast with the winter season. August has no such advantage. It comes when we remember nothing but clear skies, green fields, and sweet-smelling flowers—when the recollection) of snow, and ice, and bleak3) winds, has faded from our minds as completely as they have disappeared from the earth — and yet what a pleasant time it is! Orchards and cornfields) ring with the hum of labours; trees bend beneath the thick clusters of rich fruit which bow their branches to the ground; and the corn5), piled in graceful sheaves, or waving in every light breath that sweeps above it, as if it wooed6) the sickle7), tinges8) the landscape with a golden hue9). A mellow softness appears to hang over the whole earth; the influence of the season seems to extend itself to the very wagon, whose slow motion across the well-reaped field, is perceptible) only to the eye, but strikes with no harsh sound upon the ear. 661。

  口语小词:与tie有关的口语表达 -- ::1 来源: 说到单词tie,大家一定不陌生,世界杯小组赛阶段,好几场比赛都是以tie(平局)结束的在我们的日常生活中,一般跟tie这个词有关的表达,都跟“捆绑”或者“牵绊”之类的意思有关比如下面这些例句:  1. I was tied up in the traffic  我遇上塞车了  . I was tied up at the moment.  我现在很忙  3. Does this tie up with what Henry said?  这与亨利的说法一致吗?  . Children were a tie on her  小孩对她来说就是牵绊  5. The game ended in a tie  比赛最终打成了平局  6. The family tie is stronger than anything else  血缘关系比什么都坚固  7. They finally tied the knot  他们终于喜结连理了  8. There is a tie-in between smoking and cancer  吸烟与癌症有一定关联 口语 表达 有关 tied

  British Cultural Counsellor Michael O’Sullivan on IELTS Test and MBA英国文化参赞谈雅思考试和MBALi Xin With China’s WTO accession, mastering a eign language, i.e., English, is becoming more and more essential especially the young people. As British cultural counsellor and a native speaker, what suggestions could you offer to them? 李昕:中国加入世贸之后,掌握一门外语,比如英语,显得越来越重要了,特别是对年轻人作为英国文化参赞和以英语为母语者,你有什么建议吗?Mr. Counsellor Well, I think it’s hard me to tell how to improve English teaching in China. In fact if I can presume to give advice, I think the “Gaokao” needs even more rem to give more emphasis on communication skills. There needs to be substantial changes in the next few years to the ways in which English is taught in the classroom.I think it’s interesting that many many Chinese people seem to achieve very good level of English, despite old--fashioned methodology. They have learnt English several years, but have no functional command of English. But we have the same problem in UK. The British kids study French at school but often can’t actually speak French when they graduate from middle school. We are making big rems and are achieving somewhat better results now. It takes a long time to develop effective ways of teaching people to speak a eign language.参赞先生:我想,我很难讲如何提高中国的英语教学其实,如果我可以冒昧建议的话,那我想高考需要进行更多改进,更多侧重于交流的技巧而且今后几年里,需要对课堂的英语教学方式实行重大改革我觉得很有意思的是,尽管采用的是老式数学法,许许多多的中国人似乎英语已达到很高的水平他们学了好几年英语,但一点也不会运用而在我们英国,也有同样的问题英国孩子在学校里学法语,但当他们从中学毕业时, 常常并不真能讲法语我们进行了重大改革,也多少有些成效要想开发出行之有效的教人说外语的方式得花很长时间Li Since more and more trans--national corporations are setting up offices in China, MBA is getting hotter. Going to study in your business schools is one of the top choices of Chinese students. What do you think of this trend?李:由于越来越多的跨国公司在中国设办事处,MBA(工商管理硕士)也随之成为热门去贵国商学院求学成了我国学子们的首选之一你对此趋势有何看法?Mr. Counsellor Yes. MBA is very hot at the moment. We certainly noticed that many many Chinese students want to do MBAs in the UK. What I would say about MBA is that I think some students in China want to do MBA too early. My personal opinion is that an MBA programme is more suitable people with some work experience, example, three to four years. And many MBA programmes in the UK will only accept students that have some work experience. I think that it’s quite difficult students who have never worked in any kind of business or public organization to understand the meaning of management theory. And MBAs usually have a lot of management theory content. So I wonder whether it is a good idea so many young Chinese to want to do their MBA first.参赞先生:是的MBA目前很时兴我们当然注意到许多中国学生想去英国读MBA关于这点我想说的是,我觉得有些中国学生想读MBA的时机还太早了点我个人的看法是,MBA课程更适合有些工作经验的人,比如说有三四年的工作经验再说,英国的许多MBA课程,只接收有一定工作经验的学生我认为,从未在任何商业或公共机构工作过的学生是很难理解管理理论的意义的而MBA通常含有许多管理理论方面的内容所以,我不知道那么多的中国学生想先选读MBA这好不好Li What kind of assistance could your council provide to Chinese students wanting to study in UK?李:贵文化处向那些想留学英国的中国学生提供什么帮助呢?Mr. Counsellor Well, we are very happy to advice Chinese students. We get very large number of Chinese students going to UK every year and the number is increasing very quickly. This year--01--I estimate that about ,000 new students will go to the UK. That’s an increase of on last year’s number. Many of these students will go several years in the ed Kingdom. They enter British universities to take an undergraduate degree. Some remain to do a master’s degree. We welcome the students, but also we hope that they will choose the programmes carefully to meet their personal needs. They are always welcome to talk to my staff in British Council in China. We can give them free advice to help them decide what they want to do. In many ways we are trying to help these self--financed students to make good choice.参赞先生:哦,我们很乐意向中国学生提供咨询每年都有大量中国学生到英国留学,而且这数字还在快速增长今年,即01年,我预计约有1.6万名新生将赴英留学这数目很大,与去年相比增加了他们中很多人要在英国待好几年他们进入英国的大学读学士学位,有些接着读硕士学位我们欢迎这些学生,但也希望他们仔细选择适合自己的课程我们驻华文化处的工作人员随时乐意与他们交谈我们会向他们提供免费咨询,帮助他们决定自己想做什么我们尽量以多种方式帮助这些自费学生做出好的选择Li It is said that the living cost and tuitions are very high in UK. How do you think of it?李:据说英国的生活费用和学费很高这你怎么看?Mr. Counsellor We think the main attraction of studying in UK is the quality and variety of education. But we think sometimes people exaggerate the price. However, I've also emphasized that we don’t expect to rely on low prices to attract more students from China. Choosing your study abroad is a very big decision. It costs you a lot of money and a lot of time and it may determine your future life. most people, it’s a turning point. Probably it’s one of the two big decisions you make in your life, the other one might be getting married. Usually, people don’t marry someone they met yesterday. So it’s generally not a good idea to make a study abroad decision in one day either.参赞先生:我们认为在英国学习的主要吸引力是教学质量和众多的教学种类但我们觉得有时候人们把费用夸大了然而,我也强调过,我们并不打算靠低价来吸引更多的中国学生选择出国留学是个很重大的决定要花掉你很多钱和许多时间,而且它还可能会决定你未来的生活对于多数人来说,它是个转折点它或许是你一生中做的两个重大决定之一,另一个或许就是结婚了通常,人们不会与他们昨天刚认识的人结婚所以一天就作出出国留学的决定,一般说来也不是个好主意Li Last year we had an interview with consul officers in your embassy and were inmed that a streamlined visa process would be in effect. And now one year has passed, how is it doing in practice?李:去年,我们采访了贵国使馆的领事官员,获悉一套简化的签手续将开始实行如今一年已过去了,它实行的情况怎么样呢?Mr. Counsellor We have, I think, a very good visa process students going to the UK. Normally applicants can get an interview within one or two weeks. And in many cases the decision can be made in one or two days. In some cases the decision has to be made in London and it’ll take four or five weeks. So it’s quite efficient. 参赞先生:我觉得,我们吸收中国学生赴英的签程序是非常好的通常,签申请人可在一两周内就获面谈在许多情况下,审批决定可在一两天内做出有些申请的审批决定得在伦敦作出,这就要花四五个星期所以说,这种效率是很高的Li The British Council conducts many examinations in China, such as IELTS, BULATS, and so on. While IELTS is the most popular one among Chinese students wanting to study in UK, could you make a brief introduction of it?李:英国文化处在中国举行许多考试,如雅思、职业外语水平考试等鉴于雅思在想去英国留学的中国学生中最为流行,你能简要介绍一下这种考试吗?Mr. Counsellor Yes. We are directly involved in IELTS and BULATS. IELTS is very hot at the moment. Last year about 3,000 to ,000 people took the IELTS test in Mainland China. This year, we estimate that about 50,000 will take this test. Now the British universities are attracting large number of Chinese applicants. I think they mostly tend to insist on good IELTS scores. But the test is also very widely used by students going to study in Australia, New Zealand and Canada and even in the USA. Maybe most people in China don’t know that the majority of American universities accept the IELTS scores.参赞先生:好的我们直接参与雅思和职业外语水平考试雅思目前很热门去年,中国大陆地区就有.3万至.万人参加雅思考试今年,我们估计大约有5万人要参加这一考试而今,英国的大学正在吸引着大量中国的入学申请者我想它们大都倾向于坚持雅思考试的高分这项考试还广泛适用于那些想去澳大利亚、新西兰、加拿大甚至美国学习的学生实际上,在中国,也许大多数人并不知道美国的大多数大学也接受雅思成绩Li From the results of the exams that your Council conducts, what do you think are the most common weak points of the test takers in China? 李:从贵处举行考试的结果看,你认为中国考生最常见的弱项是什么?Mr. Counsellor It’s quite common to find candidates’ writing skills are quite weak and less developed than other skills. It’s also quite common to find candidates whose ing is good but too slow, and that will affect their marks in the ing test. I think when the Chinese students study English, they spend a lot of time doing intensive ing, but ing speed is sometimes a problem. These are important skills if you are going to study in the UK. You need to have good writing skills to pass the course and you need to quickly to keep up.参赞先生:很常见的是,与其他技巧相比,雅思考生的写作技巧很弱而且不成熟还有很常见的一个是,考生阅读能力不错,但速度太慢,而这会影响他们在阅读考试中的成绩我认为,中国学生学英语时,他们在精读上花了大量时间,但阅读速度有时很成问题而这两项对于想去英国留学的人来说是很重要的技巧你得有良好的写作水平才能通过一门课程;你得有快速阅读能力才能跟得上Li What improvements will you make to IELTS this year?李:你们今年将对雅思做些什么改进?Mr. Counsellor To ensure the security of the test we’ll make improvements to it each year. And this year there will be more standardization of the speaking test to make the marking reliable. The speaking test is carried out by our trained interviewers. They must be native speaker; they must have ELT or applied linguistics qualification at postgraduate level and English teaching experience. Those are the basic qualifications examiners of the writing and speaking test. They also have to be certified as IELTS examiners after carrying out some trial marking and receiving training. the writing and speaking test, the marking has to be made by qualified examiners to ensure that the marking is reliable and the test takers get the right mark in IELTS test.参赞先生:为了确保这一考试的安全性,我们每年都对它加以改进今年,我们对口语考试将有更多的标准化措施,使评分更可信口语考试由我们经过培训的考官进行他们的母语必须是英语;他们得有研究生水平的英语教学或应用语言学资格他们一般都须有英语教学经验这些都是当雅思写作和口试考官的基本条件他们还得进行试验性评分并接受了培训后才能合格就写作和口语考试来说,评分必须由合格的考官给出,以保所打的分数是可信的,雅思考生的得分是正确的 89百句经典英文狠话 大胆挑战“快嘴”老外 -- :5:30 来源:   1. Stop complaining! 别发牢骚!  . You make me sick! 你真让我恶心!  3. What’s wrong with you? 你怎么回事?  . You shouldn’t have done that! 你真不应该那样做!  5. You’re a jerk! 你是个废物混球!  6. Don’t talk to me like that! 别那样和我说话!  7. Who do you think you are? 你以为你是谁?  8. What’s your problem? 你怎么回事啊?  9. I hate you! 我讨厌你!  . I don’t want to see your face! 我不愿再见到你!  . You’re crazy! 你疯了!  . Are you insanecrazyout of your mind? 你疯了吗?(美国人绝对常用!)  . Don’t bother me. 别烦我  . Knock it off. 少来这一套  . Get out of my face. 从我面前消失!  . Leave me alone. 走开  . Get lost滚开!  18. Take a hike! 哪儿凉快哪儿歇着去吧  19. You piss me off. 你气死我了  . It’s none of your business. 关你屁事!  1. What’s the meaning of this? 这是什么意思?  . How dare you! 你敢!  3. Cut it out. 省省吧  . You stupid jerk! 你这蠢猪!  5. You have a lot of nerve. 脸皮真厚  6. I’m fed up. 我厌倦了  7. I can’t take it anymore. 我受不了了!(李阳老师常用)  . I’ve had enough of your garbage. 我听腻了你的废话  9. Shut up! 闭嘴!  30. What do you want? 你想怎么样?  31. Do you know what time it is? 你知道现在都几点吗?  3. What were you thinking? 你脑子进水啊?  33. How can you say that? 你怎么可以这样说?  . Who says? 谁说的?  35. That’s what you think! 那才是你脑子里想的!  36. Don’t look at me like that. 别那样看着我  37. What did you say? 你说什么?  38. You are out of your mind. 你脑子有毛病!  39. You make me so mad你气死我了啦  0. Drop dead. 去死吧!  1. fuck off. 滚蛋  . Don’t give me your shit. 别跟我胡扯  3. Don’t give me your excuses No more excuses. 别找借口  . You’re a pain in the ass. 你这讨厌鬼  5. You’re an asshole. 你这缺德鬼  6. You bastard! 你这杂种!  7. Get over yourself. 别自以为是  8. You’re nothing to me. 你对我什么都不是  9. It’s not my fault. 不是我的错  50. You look guilty. 你看上去心虚  51. I can’t help it. 我没办法  5. That’s your problem. 那是你的问题  53. I don’t want to hear it. 我不想听!  5. Get off my back. 少跟我罗嗦  55. Give me a break. 饶了我吧  56. Who do you think you’re talking to? 你以为你在跟谁说话?  57. Look at this mess! 看看这烂摊子!  58. You’re so careless. 你真粗心  59. Why on earth didn’t you tell me the truth? 你到底为什么不跟我说实话?  60. I’m about to explode! 我肺都快要气炸了!  61. What a stupid idiot! 真是白痴一个!  6. I’m not going to put up with this! 我再也受不了啦!  63. I never want to see your face again! 我再也不要见到你!  6. That’s terrible. 真糟糕!  65. Just look at what you’ve done! 看看你都做了些什么!  66. I wish I had never met you. 我真后悔这辈子遇到你!  67. You’re a disgrace. 你真丢人!  68. I’ll never give you! 我永远都不会饶恕你!  69. Don’t nag me! 别在我面前唠叨!  70. I’m sick of it. 我都腻了  71. You’re such a *****! 你这个**!  7. Stop screwing fooling messing around! 别鬼混了!  73. Mind your own business! 管好你自己的事!  7. You’re just a good nothing bum! 你真是一个废物! 你一无是处!  75. You’ve gone too far! 你太过分了!  76. I loathe you! 我讨厌你!  77. I detest you! 我恨你!  78. Get the hell out of here! 滚开!  79. Don’t be that way! 别那样!  80. Can’t you do anything right? 成事不足,败事有余  81. You’re impossible. 你真不可救药  8. Don’t touch me! 别碰我!  83. Get away from me! 离我远一点儿!  8. Get out of my life. 我不愿再见到你 从我的生活中消失吧  85. You’re a joke! 你真是一个小丑!  86. Don’t give me your attitude. 别跟我摆架子  87. You’ll be sorry. 你会后悔的  88. We’re through. 我们完了!  89. Look at the mess you’ve made! 你搞得一团糟!  90. You’ve ruined everything. 全都让你搞砸了  91. I can’t believe your never. 你好大的胆子!  9. You’re away too far. 你太过分了  93. I can’t take you any more! 我再也受不了你啦!  9. I’m telling you the last time! 我最后再告诉你一次!  95. I could kill you! 我宰了你!  96. That’s the stupidest thing I’ve ever heard! 那是我听到的最愚蠢的事!(比尔·盖茨常用)  97. I can’t believe a word you say. 我才不信你呢!  98. You never tell the truth! 你从来就不说实话!  99. Don’t push me ! 别逼我!  0. Enough is enough! 够了够了! 挑战 大胆 英文 经典When your inner eyes open, you can find immense beauty hidden within the inconsequential details of daily life. 打开心灵的眼睛,你会看到蕴藏在日常琐事中的无限美丽;When your inner ears open, you can hear the subtle, lovely music of the universe everywhere you go.打开心灵的耳朵,无论你走到哪里,你都能听到宇宙中那美妙可爱的音乐! 5373

  英语口语外出旅行 -- :9:56 来源: 外出旅行时旅游信息问讯处在哪儿?Where the tourist inmation center?Where the tourist inmation center? (旅游信息问讯处在哪儿?)Sorry, Im a stranger here, too. (对不起,我也不是本地人)能给我一张免费城市地图吗?May I have a free city map?物馆几点开馆?When does the museum open?When does the museum close? (物馆几点闭馆?)能告诉我这座城市有哪些好玩的地方吗?Please tell me about some interesting places in this town.Is there anything to visit here? (这儿有没有可看的地方?)您对什么感兴趣?What are your interests?What are you interested in?What kind of things are you interested in?What do you like?我对建筑感兴趣Im interested in architecture.都有哪些路线的旅行呢?What kind of tours do you have?What kind of tours do you have? (都有哪些路线的旅行呢?)Well, we have… (是啊,我们有……)What kind of tours are available?What kind of tours do you offer?What kind of tours are there?请告诉我去的路线Please show me the way.他们星期六开门吗?Are they open on Saturdays?有旅游车吗?Are there any sightseeing buses? *sightseeing “观光,游览”Is there a sightseeing bus tour? (有旅游车游览团吗?)Do you have any sightseeing bus tours? (你们有什么旅游车的旅行团吗?)Are there any sightseeing bus tours? (有旅游车游览团吗?)我想坐出租车旅游Id like a tour by taxi.我想要一个导游Id like a guide.我想要一位会日语的导游I want a Japanese-speaking guide.Id like a Japanese-speaking guide, please.Id like to request a Japanese-speaking guide.Could we have a Japanese-speaking guide?一天多少钱?How much is it per day?入场券多少钱?How much is admission?How much is the entrance fee?买两张票Two tickets, please. 3 旅行英语Guy Fawkes Night ――5th November Guy Fawkes Night--5th November, is s till observed in England――but fifty years ago it was celebrated with much more enthusiasm than is common today.It is different from other festivals in several ways. Although it occurs in the Autumn, it is not a seasonal festival:it is a political one. It started as an assertion1) of religious and patriotic) loyalty. All children know the rhyme3) associated with 5th November――and years ago, they would parade the streets, chanting it. These are the words:Please remember the Fifth of November Gunpowder, Treason, and Plot) I see no reason why Gunpowder Treason Should ever be got!The rhyme reminded everyone of the origins of the festival. In the year 1605, an attempt was made to blow up the Houses of Parliament5). The King at this time was James I. The plotters, who were Roman Catholics, hoped that he would be one of many casualties6). Great barrels of gunpowder were placed in the cellars underneath the building and one of the plotters then was found, crouched in the darkness, y to light the fuses. It was an act of terrorism. It never had any chance of success. The discovery of Guy Fawkes was not an accident. News of the plot had been leaked. Once the conspiracy had been uncovered, and the plotters put to death, Parliament decreed that bonfires should be lit every year, to celebration event that was seen as a marvellous deliverance.As the darkness falls earlier and weather gets worse-everyone is cheered by a bonfire. However, building a fire that will blaze satisfactorily can’t be done quickly or easily. weeks bee, broken furniture, wood waste-anything not wanted that would burn, was added to a growing(and very untidy)heap. Most householders were very glad to get rid of their rubbish. The top of the pile was flattened y an effigy of Guy Fawkes. These effigies7) were the work of children-usually with some adult help. They had first to get hold of an outworn, unwanted jacket and trousers. The wrists and ankles were tightly tied, and the buttons fastened, and then the whole was stuffed with straw so as to make the shape of a man. The trouser ends were stuck in an old pair of boots, and the wrists into gloves. Making the head was the hardest part. You got a strong paper bag of the right size, stuffed it with straw, put a strong stick in the neck, and found an old hat it to wear. Then you pushed the end of the stick well down into the body, and on the front of the head, you tied a mask. Suitable masks could be bought in the shops a penny or two. That completed your effigy of Guy Fawkes. He was ugly, shabby and grotesque8)――but then he was meant to be.Bee he was shoved on the bonfire, he was put into something which had wheels-an old child’s perambulator or a wheelbarrow, and t he rhyme was chanted and the children begged pennies as a reward their hard work. In the early darkness and in chilly, and often foggy November weather, often with a threat of rain of frost, the bonfire burned, and its straw-filled Guy, and the fireworks added colour and explosive noise to the scene. There was food too if the children were lucky――roasted potato and toffee apple with a crisp and sweet coating. All this――as you can imagine, gave children fun and excitement.□by Anna Whitington 18391

  家是什么?家是充满爱、体谅和信心的地方它是家庭成员彼此相亲相爱的地方父母关心爱护孩子,孩子也乐于参与家庭中的各种活动,他们是被爱拴在一起的,他们会发现家是世界上最快乐的地方What makes a home? Love and sympathy and confidence. It is a place where kindly affections exist among all the members of the family.The parents take good care of their children, and the children are interested in the activities of their parents. Thus all of them are bound together by affection, and they find their home to be the cheeriest place in the world.A home without love is no more a home than a body without a soul is a man. Every civilized person is a social being. No one should live alone. A man may lead a successful and prosperous life, but prosperity alone can by no means insure happiness. Many great personages in the world history had deep affections their homes. Your home may be poor and humble, but your duty lies there. You should try to make it cheerful and comtable. The greater the difficulties, the richer will be your reward.A home is more than a family dwelling. It is a school in which people are trained citizenship. A man will not render good service to his country if he can do nothing good his home; in proportion as he loves his home, will he love his country. The home is the birthplace of true patriotism. It is the secret of social welfare and national greatness. It is the basis and origin of civilization. 78

  Salt and Metabolism Just how salt became so crucial to our metabolism is a mystery; one appealing theory traces our dependence on it to the chemist ry of the late Cambrian seas. It was there, a half billion years ago, that tiny metazoan organisms first evolved systems sequestering and circulating fluids. The water of the early oceans might thus have become the chemical prototype the fluids of all animal life - the medium in which cellular operations could continue no matter how the external environment changed. This speculation is based on the fact that, even today, the blood serums of radically divergent species are remarkably similar. Lizards, platypuses, sheep, and humans could hardly be more different in anatomy or eating habits, yet the salt content in the fluid surrounding their blood cells is virtually identical. As early marine specics made their way to fresh water and eventually to dry land, sodium remained a key ingredient of their interior,if not their exterior, milieu. The most successful mammalian species would have been those that developed efficient hormonal systems maintaining the needed sodium concentrations.The human body, example, uses the hormones renin, angiotensin, and aldosterone to retain or release tissue fluids and blood plasma.The result,under favorable conditions, is a dynamic equilibrium in which neither fluid volume nor sodium concentration fluctuates too dramatically. But if the body is deprived of salt, the effects soon become dangerous, despite compensatory mechanisms. 070。

  口语小词:三十五种爱的英文表达方式 -01-7 :: 来源: 母爱 maternal love; mother love; a mother‘s love her children; maternal affection 父爱 paternal love 父母的爱 parental love 父母子女间的爱 love between parent and child 子女对长辈的爱 filial love 互爱 reciprocal affection 慈爱 the benevolent affections 疼爱 the tender love 夫妻之爱 conjugal love 深深[永恒,真挚,贞洁,坚定不移]的爱 ardent [everlasting, sincere, chaste, steadfast] love 狂热的爱 fanatic love; wild love 强烈的爱 a keen affection 爱如己出 cherish a child as one‘s own 爱恨交织 be overwhelmed by mixed lovehate feelings 爱憎分明 have a clearcut stand on what to love and what to hate 爱莫能助 be sympathetic but have no ability to help; be willing to, but powerless to render assistance 爱校如家 love the school as dearly as one does one‘s own home 永远相爱 love each other with an undying affection 疼爱某人 dearly love sb.; set one‘s affection on sb. 终生钟爱妻子 retain a tender affection one‘s wife to the end of one‘s life 真诚[温柔,疯狂,盲目]地爱 love sincerely [tenderly, wildly, blindly] 专一[忠诚]地爱某人 love sb. devotedly [loyally] 至死不渝地爱某人 love sb. to the day of one‘s death 炽热地爱…… have a burning love …… 爱上某人 fall in love with sb.; grow tender of sb. 爱子女 feel affection to one‘s children; have an affection one‘s children 表示对某人的爱 show love to sb. 公开表示对某人的爱 declare one‘s love to sb. 渴望得到某人的爱 desire the love of sb. 需要母爱 need a mother care 怀疑某人对……的爱 doubt sb.‘s love …… 得某人的爱 earn sb.‘s love; win sb.‘s love 保持对某人的爱 keep one‘s affection of sb.; retain one‘s love sb. 激起对……的爱 inspire a love …… 方式 表达 英文 口语

  小笨霖英语笔记1集: 美式足球观战(下) -01-7 00::1 来源: 在这次的英语笔记里,我们继续来看看一些在美式足球比赛当中常常听到的一些讲法我希望各位读者在看了这一系列介绍美式足球的笔记之后,从此就能真正享受看美式足球的乐趣在我的美国的求学生活中,看球赛对我个人而言是很重要的一个元素,因为我觉得每次只有当我跟老美一起去看球赛谈论比赛的时候,我才有机会看到他们的「真面目」,也唯有在这时候,才能真正交到几个知心的好友,听他们讲一些平常不会说的话1. The kicker will punt at fourth down.踢球员将在第四次进攻机会时弃踢在上一集的笔记当中有介绍,每次的进攻一共有四次机会,如果他们能把握这四次的机会向前推进超过十码的话,则可再重新获得另外四次进攻机会,反之要是进攻了四次还无法超过十码,就要从最后球停下来的地方换对手进攻所以在实际的比赛当中,三次进攻之后还不能超过十码,则第四次就采用弃踢 (punt),顾名思意,弃踢就是主动放弃这次的攻击机会,但在放弃之前,故意利用踢球的方式把球送远一点,让对手要从比较远的地方重新开始进攻不过第四次进攻时要采取 punt 或是继续推进完全是战术上的考量比如说三次的进攻之后只剩下一码就能达到总码数十码的目标,这时就值得赌一赌继续尝试推进因为只要能成功推进一码,就能重新得到四次的进攻机会,可说是非常划算但如果离十码的目标还有七八码,则这时还是用 punt 比较划算因为如果第四次进攻失败,则球就是原地易主,而采用 punt 至少可以把球往前送个三十码值得一提的是,punt 跟 kickoff (开球) 还有射门的踢法都不太相同在 punt 的时候,是由踢球员在接到传来的 football 之后,直接拿在手上踢球,但在开球时则是把球放在地上架好,这种踢法踢球员有充份的时间来准备,也就是所谓的 place kick而射门则是所谓的点踢,也就是由另一名球员拿球让球下坠而踢球员必须在球碰到地上的那一瞬间起脚踢球,算是三种踢法当中最困难的一种. We'd better attempt a field goal bee the clock is stopped.我们最好在时间终了前尝试射门如果说好不容易把球攻到了对方达阵区二十码内,可是运气不好连续三次进攻都失败总码数没超过十码,这时就只能弃踢白白把球拱手让人吗?当然不是为了补偿这种离达阵区只有一步之遥,但却没法得分的缺憾,美式足球里设有 field goal也就是在第四次的进攻机会如果选择踢球,而且顺利把球给踢进球门的话,则可以得到三分,算是给进攻队的一点补偿另外在美式足球里常用 yarder 这个字来代表几码球,例如,"The kicker will attempt a -yarder to tie the game." (踢球员准备尝试一个 码球来追平比赛) 这个句字中很明显的 -yarder 就是指一个 从 码之外的 field goal,所以同样的句子也可以说成,"The kicker will attempt a -yard field goal."注意一下在设有球门的运动中 (soccer, football,hockey),分数常常可以称为 goal例如有一次老美跟我说,"Our soccer team scored three goals today." 我一听还以为他是说我们的足球队「完成了三项目标」(注: goal 也常当「目标」解释) 其实事实上他要说的只是 「我们的足球队今天得了三分」这个 goal 当分数的用法值得大家注意3. Our quarterback is not very accurate under pressure.我们的四分卫在压力之下(传球) 就不是很准确再来要介绍一些球员位置的名称,首先介绍四分卫 (quarterback)四分卫算是整个球队的主帅,在场上的指挥调度全都得听 quarterback 的通常在每次攻击时球一定是先传到 quarterback 手上,之后他会迅速后退,再决定是要自己传球 (pass),还是把球再交给其它球员跑阵 (rush),还是要自己偷袭 (quarterback sneak)所以四分卫一定要头脑灵活而且在场上时要眼观四面耳听八方,但更重要的是他必须有很强壮的手臂,这样子传球才能传得远,但除此之外还要很准确,这样子才不会把球传到对方手里像今年的足球赛,我就听老美批评别队的四分卫,"He has strong arms, but he is not very accurate under pressure." (他有很强壮的手臂,但是碰到压力他的传球就失了准头)由于 quarterback 这个字很重要,所以很多美国俚语都是围绕著这个字,例如,Monday-morning quarterback 原指球迷在星期一的早晨上一个周末的球赛,通常都是,"If I were the quarterback, I would..." (如果四分卫换作是我的话, 我就会怎样作怎样作... ),好像自己多聪明似的,所以 Monday-morning quarterback 这个字就是指一些喜欢放马后炮,喜欢自以为是的人例如下次你听到老美说,"If I were the president of the ed States..." (如果我是美国总统的话...) 不待他说完,你就可以耻笑他,"You Monday-morning quarterback.". The lineman blocked the defense and provided tremendous protection.锋线的球员阻挡了防守的球员,并且提供了(四分卫) 良好的保护话说当四分卫持球时,他可是众矢之的防守一方列队在最前面的四名球员想办法接近他阻止他传球进攻,但另一方面,进攻一方最前面球员则要想办法阻挡防守的球员前进这两组人马分别称为 defensive linemen 和 offensive linemen,通常是一个队伍里最不重要的位置,为什么我知道这是最不重要的位置呢?因为每次我跟老美去插花打 flag football (跟美式足球很像的一种运动),老美都叫我打 linemen 的位置,由此可知这个位置一定是最不重要的:D但是在正式的足球比赛中,linemen 通常都是最壮硕的球员,这样才耐得住冲撞我曾问班上的一位超级大块头为何他不去当 linemen,他回答我说,"I am not qualified. They are required to weigh at least 0 pounds with solid muscle." (我才不够格呢!当 linemen 必须要有二百磅以上,并且还要有结实的肌肉才行)5. The wide receiver was wide open when the quarterback threw him the ball.当四分卫传给外接球员时,他身旁什么人也没有美式足球场上的另一对死对头就是 wide receiver (外接员) 和 cornerback (角卫)Wide receiver 就是站在最边边的进攻组球员,速度快是他们的先决条件,因为他们要能快速突穿对方的阵地,准备接 quarterback 传来的球而 cornerback 则是防守组用来防守 wide receiver 的球员,当然速度也要快才能紧咬著 wide receiver 不放在听球赛转播听到 wide receiver 时,常常会伴随另一个字 wide open所谓的 wide open 就是说防守他的球员都被他给甩开了,身边一个人也没有所以这可是大好的进攻机会例如,"The wide-open receiver got the ball and ran it a touchdown." (没有人防守的外接员接到了球,直接达阵成功)6. The running back carried the ball, but he was stopped at the -yard line.跑锋带球进攻,但他被阻挡在 码线上Running back 一开始的位置是在 quarterback 之后,如果四分卫决定这球是要用 rush 的方式进攻,他就会把球交给 running back,让他抱著球向前找空隙钻通常一个球队之中最出名的就是三种人,quarterback 当然不用说,再来就是 wide receiver,因为他要跟 quarterback 配合传接球,最后一种就是 running back,专门是冲锋陷阵的,主要的攻势多半都是由这三个人发动的,至于其它的人多半都是在作苦工,阻挡或是防守,所以他们的位置名称也比较不重要,在此就不一一介绍了7. I cannot believe we fumbled the ball.我无法相信我们居然失球了Fumble 是一种很严重的失误,发生在抱球的球员没把球抱紧或是因为对方冲撞的力量太大而把球给掉在地上,这就是所谓的 fumble当 fumble 发生时这个球就变成了自由球,如果被对方先抢到,进攻权就变成对方的 (称为 fumble recovery),如果是被自己人抢到,那就没什么大不了的,还是由我方继续进攻另外还有一种常见的失误是发生在 quarterback 传球时球却被对方劫走,这时不叫 fumble 而叫 interception (抄劫)当 interception 发生时,同样也是换对方进攻fumble 和 interception 是两种在进攻时球迷最不愿意看到的情况了!通常老美把 fumble 和 interception 都称为 turn-over,意指进攻权换手例如我可以说,"They lost the game because of that terrible turnover." (他们输球全是因为那次要命的失误) 但这里各位不要把 turnover 和 turn-around 给搞混了,turnover 指的是换边进攻,而 turn-around 则是指比数后来居上,例如你可以说,"That was a nice turn-around!" (那一场后来居上的比赛很棒!)8. We stopped their quarterback in their end zone a safety.我们在对方的达阵区阻止了他们的四分卫,得到了一个 safetySafety 在美式足球里除了「安全」之外还有二个特别的解释一个指的是 strong safety (强卫) 或 free safety(游卫),这是两个防守位置的名称,常合称 safety另外 safety 还可以指一种特殊的得分状况,也就是指进攻的球员持球,但却在自己的达阵区触地,这时不但对方白白得到两分,同时还把进攻权让给对方,这种情况也称之为 safety所以要是老美说,"We're looking a safety." 这句话可能有两种意思,一是「我们正在找一个能打 safety 位置的球员」,另一个可能则是,「我们正寻求一个 safety 的得分机会」有什么样的情况会造成 safety 呢?怎么会自己持球在己方的达阵区触地呢?比如说吧,现在甲队进攻至乙队门前三码处,结果 fumble,进攻权就变成乙队的,所以这时乙队由自己的三码处开始进攻,但是当乙队的球员拿到球后,却被甲队一个 tackle 给撞进自己的达阵区,这就是一个发生 safety 的可能情况,此时甲队平白得到两分,而且重新由乙方开球,甲方进攻9. Flag on the play.比赛中犯规Flag on the play 在美式足球当中算是一个专门的术语,意指在比赛中有球员犯规原因是每当有球员犯规时,裁判们就会往场中丢一面黄色的小旗 (flag),所以 flag on the play 代表犯规的由来也就在于此在一般在和老美会话时讲到犯规 (foul),我们不讲 flag,而用 call 或是 call a foul,这个 call 原意指的是裁判吹哨子,也就是指「吹犯规」的意思例如 "That call was unfair." (那个犯规吹得不公平) 或是 "I don't agree with that call." (我不同意这次犯规的判决)用 call 这个字眼来代表犯规的意思不局限于美式足球,还可以适用在各种球类例如打篮球时我说,"No call." 或是 "He didn't call a foul." 意思就是裁判并没有吹犯规,大家继续比赛吧. Prior to the snap, false start, five yards, defense. Still first down.在开球之前,防守的一方提前移动,罚五码,还是第一次进攻在来介绍二种在美式足球里常见的犯规一是 false start,也就是指在开球之前 (snap the ball) 之前,球员就先移动了,这就是 false start,不管是进攻或防守的一方有时求好心切,都常犯这种错误但这是轻微的犯规,只罚五码,而且不影响是第几次 down,原来是 second down 就还是 second down,原来是 third down 就还是 third down,只是前进或后退五码重新发球而已另一种常见的犯规是 pass interference,也就是防守的一方在接球员还没接到球之前,就用身体去碰触对方,干扰对方接球这种犯规是属于恶性犯规,不但要免费奉送对方十码,而且下次进攻自动又变成 first down,所以裁判会说,"Pass interference, yards, automatic first down." (干扰传球,罚十码,自动成为 first down)最后,在美式足球里有一条规定,就是光靠罚码数不能达阵例如现在我方距离达阵区只剩四码,但对方给我来一次 false start,此时如果再罚五码的话我们不就达阵了吗?事实上不是,如果罚的码数大于所剩码数的话,则改罚剩下的码数除以二,所以 ,只罚两码要是对方又来一次 false start,则罚 1,只罚一码,以此类推所以学过数学的人都知道,这样一直除以二下去还是永远不可能达阵的!生活小故事跟老美一起去看球真的可以看到他们平常不为人知的一面,尤其是他们都会偷带酒进去喝,所以当他们一群人喝醉了之后的疯言疯语真的很有意思举例来说吧!上次跟我去的几个老美就在「亏」一个美眉,怎么亏法呢?现在我也学起来了,因为那个美眉说自己 play soccer,他们就笑她,"So, are you a soccer chick?" (你是足球美眉了?),那位美眉羞红了脸,说:"No. I am Christine Smeby." (这是她真正的名字),结果他们又故意把人家的 last name 听错,说,"Your last name is Smelly?" (Smelly 在英文里是指「很臭」的意思),这位美眉更著急了,忙著解释,"No. I said Smeby, not Smelly." 我们班上的男生故意装作没听到,一起大声拍手吟唱,"Smelly, Smelly." 气得她挥起粉拳绣腿乱打一通我的同学看我闷不吭声,就问我,"Do you know what her name is?" 我把握机会说,"Her name is Smelly soccer chick." (她的名字是臭臭的足球美眉),我的老美同学高兴的乐不可,还跟我击掌说,"Way to go! Benlin."其实现在我发现中外亏美眉的手法别无二致,他们所用的亏美眉模式一下子让我觉得好熟悉,只不过是把中文换成英文而已,有时真不得不让我讶异于人与人之间的相似性! 足球 美式 笔记 英语

  口语盘点第一季:老美嘴边500句之一 --19 ::5 来源: 1. I see. 我明白了. I quit! 我不干了!3. Let go! 放手!. Me too. 我也是5. My god! 天哪!6. No way! 不行!7. Come on. 来吧(赶快)8. Hold on. 等一等9. I agree 我同意. Not bad. 还不错. Not yet. 还没. See you. 再见. Shut up! 闭嘴!. So long. 再见. Why not? 好呀! (为什么不呢?). Allow me. 让我来. Be quiet! 安静点!18. Cheer up! 振作起来!19. Good job! 做得好!. Have fun! 玩得开心!1. How much? 多少钱?. I‘m full. 我饱了3. I’m home. 我回来了. I‘m lost. 我迷路了5. My treat. 我请客6. So do I. 我也一样7. This way 这边请. After you. 您先9. Bless you! 祝福你!30. Follow me. 跟我来31. get it! 休想! (算了!)3. Good luck! 祝好运!33. I decline! 我拒绝!. I promise. 我保35. Of course! 当然了!36. Slow down! 慢点!37. Take care! 保重!38. They hurt. (伤口)疼39. Try again. 再试试0. Watch out! 当心1. What’s up? 有什么事吗?. Be careful! 注意!3. Bottoms up! 干杯(见底)!. Don‘t move! 不许动!5. Guess what? 猜猜看?6. I doubt it 我怀疑7. I think so. 我也这么想8. I’m single. 我是单身贵族9. Keep it up! 坚持下去!50. Let me see让我想想51. Never mind不要紧5. No problem! 没问题!53. That‘s all! 就这样!5. Time is up. 时间快到了 口语 盘点 第一季

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