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2019年09月23日 09:41:25 | 作者:国际中文 | 来源:新华社
国际英文演讲高手 Chapter3-1暂无文本 200709/17877[Nextpage视频演讲]First Lady Michelle Obama addresses hundreds of chefs on the South Lawn of the White House for the “Chefs Move to Schools” program, a part of the “Let’s Move!” campaign to end the epidemic of childhood obesity. The program will pair chefs with schools across to help teach kids healthy habits.Download Video: mp4 (303MB) | mp3 (29MB) [Nextpage演讲文本1]【PART 1】MRS. OBAMA: Thank you, everyone. Good afternoon. So is it hot enough? (Laughter.) We planned this especially. Lots of sun, no breeze, got you in your whites and hats. We’re going to bring you out scarves and mittens and boots soon to make it really comfortable. (Laughter.)But I -- we are just thrilled. I mean, I don't know if you can see yourselves, but I was looking out from the Residence and looking down at you all as you were sp over the South Lawn, and it was just a sight to behold. I have to say I wasn’t sure when I heard the goal of having nearly a thousand chefs on the South Lawn. I said, right, Sam, sure, whatever. (Laughter.) But you all pulled it off. And I am just so proud and honored to have you here at the White House.I want to start by thanking Todd and Norah for sharing their stories, for the work that they’re doing at the Murch School. It’s just, you know, a wonderful example of the partnership that can be created. This is our hope for all of you -- to just sp out around the country and replicate what they have done. And we are just thrilled with the level of broad thinking and creativity that they’ve put into this work. And we want to see more of it happen.And I also have to thank my partner in crime, Sam Kass, who has just been such an important part of promoting healthy eating, not just here at the White House, but helping to shape this initiative. And Sam has worked closely with so many staff members on the East Wing and in our kitchen, but we wouldn’t be here and we wouldn’t have the knowledge and the passion if it weren’t for people like Sam who really understand your world; they understand and appreciate the value of cooking.This has been a long conversation that Sam and I have had over the years, and I think it’s just pretty powerful to see what started out as a few conversations in our kitchen on the South Side of Chicago turn into a major initiative that hopefully will change the way we think as a country, not just about the health of our kids but about our health as a nation. (Applause.)Well, you’re all here for the same reason -- because you appreciate the power that food can have in our lives. And who would have thought food having power, other than just making us full? But it’s got a lot of power. You all know the enormous amount of care and the sense of pride that our farmers put into growing the food that nourishes the world. You have those relationships. You’ve seen it in action.You know the joy of cooking for others, that passion that you get, the sense of camaraderie, the understanding and fulfillment that comes with seeing folks gathering around a dinner table, not just enjoying a meal, but enjoying fellowship. That is power. You know the central role that food plays in the moments that make us happiest. Food is always there, whether it’s at a birthday party, or Thanksgiving dinner, or quiet moments with friends. Food is at the core of what makes life wonderful. And you all know how the ingredients we put in our bodies can affect the way we feel, the way we think, and how we grow. This is especially true when we’re talking about our nation’s kids.And you all know the statistics when it comes to the health of our kids -- and they're staggering, every time we talk about it -- how nearly one-third of children in this country are now overweight or obese. That's one in three. Just think about that. That means that these kids are at greater risk of obesity-related diseases -- you name them, cancer, heart disease, stroke. And last year as a nation, we spent nearly 0 billion treating conditions like these. And if we don’t do something now, that number is just going to continue to increase as we see these children reach adulthood at an unhealthy weight. But what we do know is that none of us wants this kind of future for our kids. No one does. This is not what we had in mind. And we don't want this kind of future for our countries.That’s why, earlier this year, we started “Let’s Move!” As you know, it’s been a national campaign with a very ambitious goal, which is to solve the problem of childhood obesity in a generation so that kids born today grow up with a totally different approach to eating and their health, and they grow up at a healthy weight with a wonderful appreciation for food and how to use it to tap into their power.“Let’s Move!” is about making the changes that we need in several key ways. Number one, we’re working to get more information to parents so that they can make good choices for their kids. That's something that's always confusing as a mom: What do you feed your kids? How do you do it?We need to do a better job at making sure that our parents know what’s best for their kids. We’re working to make sure that families and communities across this country have access to quality affordable foods. You all know this. Millions of Americans are living in food deserts. They don’t have access to the kind of food that they need to live a healthy life. And we can’t begin to have this conversation about healthier living for our kids if their families don’t have access and can’t afford the foods that they need. (Applause.)[Nextpage演讲文本2]【PART 2】 And we’re also working on the other end of the spectrum. There’s food, and there’s movement. That’s what the “Let’s Move!” piece is about. We need to make sure that our kids are getting the physical activity that they need to stay healthy. The recommendation is that kids get 60 minutes of active play every single day. And when we were growing up, that was just hanging out. (Laughter.) Now, it’s to save their lives. But even as parents work to help their kids eat right and exercise at home, we also need to make sure that they have access to healthy meals at school. For many kids, that’s where they’re getting the vast majority of their calendars -- calories. And I know that sometimes there’s a tendency to see money being spent on school nutrition as somehow taking away from what people think are the more important aspects of education like the curriculum or teacher salaries or school supplies. And with the average school being allotted about .68 for each meal they prepare -- .68, that’s it -- and of that, only .00, .25 of that money actually goes to the food itself -- I mean, you can imagine just how creative you have to be to make food interesting in the schools.But the truth is that the food that our kids eat does have a direct effect on how they learn. That’s just the truth. So this isn’t a luxury. This isn’t a set-aside. This isn’t a sidebar. One recent study showed that kids who ate breakfast were more attentive. They had faster response times than kids who don’t. That’s learning. And with more than 31 million children participating in the national school lunch and breakfast programs, good nutrition at school is more important than ever. A major key to giving our children a healthy future will be to pass a strong child nutrition bill. (Applause.) And right now, the reauthorization bill is moving its way through Congress, and fortunately it has bipartisan support. Yay! (Applause.) The Senate Agriculture Committee’s action on the bill this spring marks historic progress on this bill, and it’s vitally important that the Senate continues this effort and passes a bill in the coming weeks. A majority of Senators and House Members from both parties have publicly called for swift passage of a robust proposal, and I urge Congress to provide the resources that we need to support these important programs. (Applause.) It’s important that we keep the momentum going and we pass this bill this year. So we need all of your help. Everyone out there needs to focus on this. This is doable. It’s right there. But we’ve got to make it happen. But if there’s one thing that we know for sure -- and that is that the solution to childhood obesity is not going to come from Washington alone. There is not one single expert that we’ve talked to that said that the solution to this problem is for government to tell people what to do. That just doesn’t work.Instead, as we’ve said all this time, it’s going to take all of us -- it’s going to take all of us -- parents and teachers, community leaders, food manufacturers, all of us doing our part to give our children the healthy future they deserve.And it’s going to take all of you, our nation’s chefs. That’s why I am so moved to see you all here. You all are at the heart of this initiative, because if anyone understands nutrition and food, it’s the folks sitting here in their whites today. I know what they’re called -- “whites.” (Laughter.) We tease Sam. We call them “blouses” just to make him mad. (Laughter.) But each of you has so much to offer when it comes to helping our children make healthy choices. You know more about food than almost anyone -- other than the grandmas --and you’ve got the visibility and the enthusiasm to match that knowledge. That's really what’s key. Just watching you guys in action will -- it excites me, let alone my little girls who can’t stay out of the kitchen when Sam is cooking.[Nextpage演讲文本3]【PART 3】 You can make a salad bar fun -- now, that’s something -- and delicious. You can teach kids to cook something that tastes good and is good for them; and share your passion for food in a way that’s truly contagious.Let me tell you something. My mother didn’t know how to cook broccoli. It was watery and mushy, and that's what we thought broccoli was. We thought you could eat it with a spoon and cut it with a knife. (Laughter.) And I know a lot of parents out there cooking broccoli like that. It makes it hard to like broccoli if that’s how you’re cooking it.But you guys can help change that. That's why we created the “Chefs Move to Schools” program, to pair chefs like you with interested schools in your local communities. And together, you’ll be helping students learn where food comes from, and develop healthy habits. You’ll be elevating the role of food in our schools, and working to create healthy meals on a budget. Now, just like you wouldn’t be thrilled if someone came in your restaurant and told you what to do, we’re not asking you guys to go into school kitchens and take over. And that's an important point to make.Our school food service professionals who are out there, they have dedicated their careers to helping our children grow up healthy and happy. They work long hours and they stretch budgets to the limit, often with no recognition at all. And their advice has been so invaluable as we’ve tried to identify areas where schools can improve and become more efficient. So they deserve our respect and our admiration, and I want to take the time now to thank them for their service and for their -- (applause) -- for their hard work. That’s why we’re asking you, when you go into the schools, to work closely with our food service professionals to support the work that they do every day, in and out, long hours. They’re looking forward to getting some extra help -- they need it -- doing everything from teaching basic cooking skills in the cafeteria to encouraging healthy choices in the lunch line. So they're going to need your support, but it’s got to be a collaboration. And we strongly encourage you all to go in with that spirit.Now I know that none of this is going to be easy. Nothing we do is. I think the very nature of living in this house means that the Easy Button has been taken away forever. (Laughter.) And it won’t happen overnight. That's for sure. You’re going to need to figure out what you’re up against. You’re going to need to take time to learn your communities, to understand your schools, to figure out how the school kitchen operates, to finding out what equipment is available -- because there are equipment limitations that have been an issue at some many schools -- and what kind of changes the school and the community can actually sustain. So it’s going -- there’s going to be a learning curve. So you’ve got to be patient and help people become patient with you.But making our schools healthier isn’t just about what happens in the kitchen. As Norah said, it’s also about what kids learn in the classroom. And that’s why we’re also encouraging you to do things like put on cooking demonstrations; teach kids how to prepare meals at home. You can help start a cooking club, work with the teacher to integrate food into the lesson plan, like they’ve done at Murch, or help students plant a garden, if possible. All that stuff is a part of it. It’s not just about the work in the kitchen.And with your help, our hope is that we’ll be able to double the number of schools in the Healthier US School Challenge. This is an innovative program that recognizes schools that are providing healthy foods and opportunities for kids to stay active. So there are just so many ways to get involved. And I know that many of you are aly ahead of the game because you’re doing that right now. You’re here because you’re aly doing it. There are folks like Chef Toni Robertson, who, for the last three years, has helped students from the Mott Hall School in New York plant a vegetable garden and learn healthy eating habits -– even throwing salad parties for parents. That's a good thing.There’s also Chef Seth Bixby Daugherty from Minnesota who has worked with -- yes, let’s give him a hand --(applause) -- who has worked with several schools across the country to design easy, healthy recipes that taste good and can be made with the equipment that schools aly have.Or there’s someone like Fernando Olea from Santa Fe, who teaches popular cooking classes for local students -- yay, Fernando -- (applause) -- showing them how to prepare healthy meals from his native Mexico.In the end, it’s all about helping kids build healthy habits that are going to last a lifetime.And many of you guys know about the White House Kitchen Garden. We’re going to go down there and harvest with our kids in a few minutes. But I still remember last year when we started the whole process, and we involved kids from local schools from the very beginning. They helped us till the soil. They helped us plant. They helped us weed. They helped us harvest. They ate. It was pretty powerful. And several of the schools asked the kids to reflect in writing on their experience. And this is what helped us to know that we were onto something here. One of the students described herself as “a pretty regular fifth-grader who loves sweets.” And afterwards, she wrote that her time in the garden -- and this is a e -- “has made me think about the choices I have with what I put in my mouth.” Hey -- winner! (Applause.)Another child wrote that “It has inspired us to eat better and work harder.”And one young man wrote, and this is a direct e, “I think about the garden project as a model for being gentle: gentle with nature, gentle to your body, and gentle with each other. Now we need to remember and follow that model.” Isn’t that beautiful? (Applause.) So ultimately, this is what we’re trying to do. And as you know, kids are so hungry. They will take it all in. They can change their habits, their taste buds, their approaches overnight. All they need is your encouragement, your enthusiasm, your passion, and your patience. And if we do this together -- and I know you guys are y because you wouldn’t be sitting out here in those hats in the hot sun if you weren’t -- (laughter) -- we can change the future for our children and for this nation. We are so grateful to you, so proud of the work that you’ve done, and we’re asking you to do more to recruit others. There are about a thousand of you here. We can triple that number. And that’s also part of your goal. We want you to reach out, find those who are less hesitant, who are a little afraid of kids, who are not sure about schools, and help bring them in. We’ve got to make these numbers grow because we want you all in every school in the nation. We want every school in the nation to have a chef partner, a set of kids who call you theirs, who believe that you care about nothing more than how they grow up and how they feel. The more grownups who are working on behalf of our kids, the stronger they’ll be.So let’s move, let’s get this done. Thank you all for the work you’ve done. (Applause.) And I look forward to seeing you all in the months to come. Thanks so much. (Applause.) END1:01 P.M. EDT201006/105567Remarks by US President Barack Obama at Town Hall Meeting with Future Chinese LeadersMuseum of Science and Technology, Shanghai, ChinaNovember 16, 美国总统奥巴马在上海与中国青年对话实录中国上海 科技馆年11月16日 [杨玉良]让我们大家用热烈的掌声欢迎美国总统奥巴马先生。各位来宾、各位朋友,同学们,请让我自我介绍一下,我是杨玉良,复旦大学的校长。今天请来美利坚合众国总统奥巴马先生,他对中国进行国事访问,今天来到这里与中国青年对话,而且我非常高兴作为主持人在这里主持这场对话。因为奥巴马总统非常重视中美两国人民之间的沟通和交流,尤其是重视我们年轻人之间的沟通和交流。所以今天我们将用一种非常轻松、自由的方式,而且我相信也将会是愉快的方式,奥巴马总统将和大家一起讨论中美关系问题,包括这个世界未来的问题,包括我们人类所面临的所有的可能的全球性的挑战性问题。今天在现场的所有的同事们,包括同学们,都可以现场提问题。但同时我们也会选择问题,从网络上选择一些问题,选择由网民向奥巴马提问的问题。用英文来提问题,也可以用英文回答。如果你觉得你的英文还不足够表达你深邃的思想的话,你可以用中文来提问和中文来回答问题。我想在正式开始之前,我们美利坚合众国的驻华大使洪培先生有几句话要讲。[洪培]杨校长,谢谢你。可是我们在上海我应该说家乡话,侬好。这么多人,今天就是太好了,美中关系30年,这个时刻从双边地区和全球的角度来说,最适合进行一场好的交谈,这种活动在中国没有先例。我们两国元首具体说过,他们要推动一个积极建设性全面的关系。如果没有美中两国的合作,几乎没有哪个全球性挑战能得到解决。我们面临的挑战是把我们的交往提到一个更高的水平,有谁比我们更高层领导人更适合参加我们的讨论呢?那我很荣幸向你们介绍第44任美国总统贝拉克#8226;奥巴马。PRESIDENT OBAMA: Nong hao! Good afternoon. It is a great honor for me to be here in Shanghai, and to have this opportunity to speak with all of you. I'd like to thank Fudan University's President Yang for his hospitality and his gracious welcome. I'd also like to thank our outstanding Ambassador, Jon Huntsman, who exemplifies the deep ties and respect between our nations. I don't know what he said, but I hope it was good. (Laughter.) [奥巴马] 侬好!诸位下午好。我感到很荣幸能够有机会到上海跟你们交谈,我要感谢复旦大学的杨校长,感谢他的款待和热情的欢迎。我还想感谢我们出色的大使洪培,他是我们两国间深厚的纽带。我不知道他刚才说什么,但是希望他说得很好。 11/89529

President's Radio Address THE PRESIDENT: Good morning. This Tuesday is Election Day. After months of spirited debate and vigorous campaigning, the time has come for Americans to make important decisions about our Nation's future. I encourage all Americans to go to the polls and vote. Election season brings out the spirit of competition between our political parties, and that competition is an essential part of a healthy democracy. But as the campaigns come to a close, Republicans, Democrats, and independents can find common ground on at least one point: Our system of representative democracy is one of America's greatest strengths. The ed States was founded on the belief that all men are created equal. Every Election Day, millions of Americans of all races, religions, and backgrounds step into voting booths throughout the Nation. Whether they are rich or poor, old or young, each of them has an equal share in choosing the path that our country will take. And every ballot they cast is a reminder that our founding principles are alive and well. Voting is one of the great privileges of American citizenship, and it has always required brave defenders. As you head to the polls next week, remember the sacrifices that have been made by generations of Americans in uniform to preserve our way of life. From Bunker Hill to Baghdad, the men and women of American Armed Forces have been devoted guardians of our democracy. All of us owe them and their families a special debt of gratitude on Election Day. Americans should also remember the important example that our elections set throughout the world. Young democracies from Georgia and Ukraine to Afghanistan and Iraq can look to the ed States for proof that self-government can endure. And nations that still live under tyranny and oppression can find hope and inspiration in our commitment to liberty. For more than two centuries, Americans have demonstrated the ability of free people to choose their own leaders. Our Nation has flourished because of its commitment to trusting the wisdom of our citizenry. In this year's election, we will see this tradition continue. And we will be reminded once again that we are blessed to live in a free nation guided by the will of the people. Thank you for listening. 200811/54797

国际英文演讲高手 Chapter1-4暂无文本 200709/17873

My fellow citizens : Today we celebrate the mystery of American renewal.同胞们:今天,我们庆祝美国复兴的奇迹。This ceremony is held in the depth of winter.这个仪式虽在隆冬举行。But, by the words we speak and the faces we show the world, we force the spring.然而,我们通过自己的言语和向世界展示的面容、却促使春回大地。A spring reborn in the worlds oldest democracy, that brings forth the vision and courage to reinvent America.回到了世界上这个最古老的民主国家,并带来了重新创造美国的远见和勇气。When our founders boldly declared Americas independence to the world and our purposes to the Almighty, they knew that America, to endure, would have to change.当我国的缔造者勇敢地向世界宣布美国独立,并向上帝表明自 己的目的时,他们知道,美国若要永存,就必须变革。Not change for changes sake, but change to preserve Americas ideals; life, liberty, the pursuit of happiness.不是为变革而变革,而是为了维护美国的理想--为了生命、自由和追求幸福而变革。Though we march to the music of our time, our mission is timeless.尽管我们随着当今时代的节拍前进,但我们的使命永恒不变。Each generation of Americans must define what it means to be an American.每一代美国人,必须为作为一个美国人意味着什么下定义。On behalf of our nation, I salute my predecessor, President Bush, for his half-century of service to America.我的前任布什总统为美国务了半个世纪,在此,我代表我们的国家向他致以崇高的敬意。And I thank the millions of men and women whose stead fastness and sacrifice triumphed over Depression, fascism and Communism.我还要向千百万人民表示感谢,他们以坚定的信念和牺牲战胜了经济萧条、法西斯主义。Today, a generation raised in the shadows of the Cold War assumes new responsibilities in a world warmed by the sunshine of freedom but threatened still by ancient hatreds and new plagues.今天,在冷战阴影下成长起来的一代人,在世界上负起了新的责任,这个世界虽然沐浴着自由的阳光,但仍受到旧仇宿怨和新的祸患的威胁。Raised in unrivaled prosperity, we inherit an economy that is still the worlds strongest, but is weakened by business failures, stagnant wages, increasing inequality, and deep divisions among our people.我们在无与伦比的繁荣中长大,继承了仍然是世界上最强大的经济,但由于企业倒闭,工资增长停滞、不平等状况加剧,人民的分歧加深,我们的经济已经削弱。When George Washington first took the oath I have just sworn to uphold, news traveled slowly across the land by horseback and across the ocean by boat.当乔治·华盛顿第一次宣读我刚才宜读的誓言时,人们骑马把 那个信息缓慢地传遍大地,继而又来船把它传过海洋。Now, the sights and sounds of this ceremony are broadcast instantaneously to billions around the world.而现在,这个仪式的情景和声音即刻向全球几十亿人播放。Communications and commerce are global; investment is mobile; technology is almost magical; and ambition for a better life is now universal.通信和商务具有全球性,投资具有流动性;技术几 乎具有魔力;改善生活的理想现在具有普遍性。03/64208

President Anderson, members of the faculty, board of trustees, distinguished guests, my old colleague, Senator Bob Byrd, who has earned his degree through many years of attending night law school, while I am earning mine in the next 30 minutes, distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen: It is with great pride that I participate in this ceremony of the American University, sponsored by the Methodist Church, founded by Bishop John Fletcher Hurst, and first opened by President Woodrow Wilson in 1914. This is a young and growing university, but it has aly fulfilled Bishop Hurst's enlightened hope for the study of history and public affairs in a city devoted to the making of history and to the conduct of the public's business. By sponsoring this institution of higher learning for all who wish to learn, whatever their color or their creed, the Methodists of this area and the Nation deserve the Nation's thanks, and I commend all those who are today graduating. Professor Woodrow Wilson once said that every man sent out from a university should be a man of his nation as well as a man of his time, and I am confident that the men and women who carry the honor of graduating from this institution will continue to give from their lives, from their talents, a high measure of public service and public support. "There are few earthly things more beautiful than a university," wrote John Masefield in his tribute to English universities -- and his words are equally true today. He did not refer to towers or to campuses. He admired the splendid beauty of a university, because it was, he said, "a place where those who hate ignorance may strive to know, where those who perceive truth may strive to make others see." I have, therefore, chosen this time and place to discuss a topic on which ignorance too often abounds and the truth too rarely perceived. And that is the most important topic on earth: peace. What kind of peace do I mean and what kind of a peace do we seek? Not a Pax Americana enforced on the world by American weapons of war. Not the peace of the grave or the security of the slave. I am talking about genuine peace, the kind of peace that makes life on earth worth living, and the kind that enables men and nations to grow, and to hope, and build a better life for their children -- not merely peace for Americans but peace for all men and women, not merely peace in our time but peace in all time. I speak of peace because of the new face of war. Total war makes no sense in an age where great powers can maintain large and relatively invulnerable nuclear forces and refuse to surrender without resort to those forces. It makes no sense in an age where a single nuclear weapon contains almost ten times the explosive force delivered by all the allied air forces in the Second World War. It makes no sense in an age when the deadly poisons produced by a nuclear exchange would be carried by wind and water and soil and seed to the far corners of the globe and to generations yet unborn. Today the expenditure of billions of dollars every year on weapons acquired for the purpose of making sure we never need them is essential to the keeping of peace. But surely the acquisition of such idle stockpiles -- which can only destroy and never create -- is not the only, much less the most efficient, means of assuring peace. I speak of peace, therefore, as the necessary, rational end of rational men. I realize the pursuit of peace is not as dramatic as the pursuit of war, and frequently the words of the pursuers fall on deaf ears. But we have no more urgent task. Some say that it is useless to speak of peace or world law or world disarmament, and that it will be useless until the leaders of the Soviet Union adopt a more enlightened attitude. I hope they do. I believe we can help them do it. But I also believe that we must reexamine our own attitudes, as individuals and as a Nation, for our attitude is as essential as theirs. And every graduate of this school, every thoughtful citizen who despairs of war and wishes to bring peace, should begin by looking inward, by examining his own attitude towards the possibilities of peace, towards the Soviet Union, towards the course of the cold war and towards freedom and peace here at home. First examine our attitude towards peace itself. Too many of us think it is impossible. Too many think it is unreal. But that is a dangerous, defeatist belief. It leads to the conclusion that war is inevitable, that mankind is doomed, that we are gripped by forces we cannot control. We need not accept that view. Our problems are manmade; therefore, they can be solved by man. And man can be as big as he wants. No problem of human destiny is beyond human beings. Man's reason and spirit have often solved the seemingly unsolvable, and we believe they can do it again. I am not referring to the absolute, infinite concept of universal peace and good will of which some fantasies and fanatics dream. I do not deny the value of hopes and dreams but we merely invite discouragement and incredulity by making that our only and immediate goal. Let us focus instead on a more practical, more attainable peace, based not on a sudden revolution in human nature but on a gradual evolution in human institutions -- on a series of concrete actions and effective agreements which are in the interest of all concerned. There is no single, simple key to this peace; no grand or magic formula to be adopted by one or two powers. Genuine peace must be the product of many nations, the sum of many acts. It must be dynamic, not static, changing to meet the challenge of each new generation. For peace is a process -- a way of solving problems. With such a peace, there will still be quarrels and conflicting interests, as there are within families and nations. World peace, like community peace, does not require that each man love his neighbor, it requires only that they live together in mutual tolerance, submitting their disputes to a just and peaceful settlement. And history teaches us that enmities between nations, as between individuals, do not last forever. However fixed our likes and dislikes may seem, the tide of time and events will often bring surprising changes in the relations between nations and neighbors. So let us persevere. Peace need not be impracticable, and war need not be inevitable. By defining our goal more clearly, by making it seem more manageable and less remote, we can help all people to see it, to draw hope from it, and to move irresistibly towards it. And second, let us reexamine our attitude towards the Soviet Union. It is discouraging to think that their leaders may actually believe what their propagandists write. It is discouraging to a recent, authoritative Soviet text on military strategy and find, on page after page, wholly baseless and incredible claims, such as the allegation that American imperialist circles are preparing to unleash different types of war, that there is a very real threat of a preventive war being unleashed by American imperialists against the Soviet Union, and that the political aims -- and I e -- "of the American imperialists are to enslave economically and politically the European and other capitalist countries and to achieve world domination by means of aggressive war." Truly, as it was written long ago: "The wicked flee when no man pursueth." Yet it is sad to these Soviet statements, to realize the extent of the gulf between us. But it is also a warning, a warning to the American people not to fall into the same trap as the Soviets, not to see only a distorted and desperate view of the other side, not to see conflict as inevitable, accommodation as impossible, and communication as nothing more than an exchange of threats. No government or social system is so evil that its people must be considered as lacking in virtue. As Americans, we find communism profoundly repugnant as a negation of personal freedom and dignity. But we can still hail the Russian people for their many achievements in science and space, in economic and industrial growth, in culture, in acts of courage. Among the many traits the peoples of our two countries have in common, none is stronger than our mutual abhorrence of war. Almost unique among the major world powers, we have never been at war with each other. And no nation in the history of battle ever suffered more than the Soviet Union in the Second World War. At least 20 million lost their lives. Countless millions of homes and families were burned or sacked. A third of the nation's territory, including two thirds of its industrial base, was turned into a wasteland -- a loss equivalent to the destruction of this country east of Chicago. Today, should total war ever break out again -- no matter how -- our two countries will be the primary target. It is an ironic but accurate fact that the two strongest powers are the two in the most danger of devastation. All we have built, all we have worked for, would be destroyed in the first 24 hours. And even in the cold war, which brings burdens and dangers to so many countries, including this Nation's closest allies, our two countries bear the heaviest burdens. For we are both devoting massive sums of money to weapons that could be better devoted to combat ignorance, poverty, and disease. We are both caught up in a vicious and dangerous cycle, with suspicion on one side breeding suspicion on the other, and new weapons begetting counter-weapons. In short, both the ed States and its allies, and the Soviet Union and its allies, have a mutually deep interest in a just and genuine peace and in halting the arms race. Agreements to this end are in the interests of the Soviet Union as well as ours. And even the most hostile nations can be relied upon to accept and keep those treaty obligations, and only those treaty obligations, which are in their own interest. So let us not be blind to our differences, but let us also direct attention to our common interests and the means by which those differences can be resolved. And if we cannot end now our differences, at least we can help make the world safe for diversity. For in the final analysis, our most basic common link is that we all inhabit this small planet. We all breathe the same air. We all cherish our children's futures. And we are all mortal. Third, let us reexamine our attitude towards the cold war, remembering we're not engaged in a debate, seeking to pile up debating points. We are not here distributing blame or pointing the finger of judgment. We must deal with the world as it is, and not as it might have been had the history of the last 18 years been different. We must, therefore, persevere in the search for peace in the hope that constructive changes within the Communist bloc might bring within reach solutions which now seem beyond us. We must conduct our affairs in such a way that it becomes in the Communists' interest to agree on a genuine peace. And above all, while defending our own vital interests, nuclear powers must avert those confrontations which bring an adversary to a choice of either a humiliating retreat or a nuclear war. To adopt that kind of course in the nuclear age would be evidence only of the bankruptcy of our policy -- or of a collective death-wish for the world. To secure these ends, America's weapons are nonprovocative, carefully controlled, designed to deter, and capable of selective use. Our military forces are committed to peace and disciplined in self-restraint. Our diplomats are instructed to avoid unnecessary irritants and purely rhetorical hostility. For we can seek a relaxation of tensions without relaxing our guard. And, for our part, we do not need to use threats to prove we are resolute. We do not need to jam foreign broadcasts out of fear our faith will be eroded. We are unwilling to impose our system on any unwilling people, but we are willing and able to engage in peaceful competition with any people on earth. Meanwhile, we seek to strengthen the ed Nations, to help solve its financial problems, to make it a more effective instrument for peace, to develop it into a genuine world security system -- a system capable of resolving disputes on the basis of law, of insuring the security of the large and the small, and of creating conditions under which arms can finally be abolished. At the same time we seek to keep peace inside the non-Communist world, where many nations, all of them our friends, are divided over issues which weaken Western unity, which invite Communist intervention, or which threaten to erupt into war. Our efforts in West New Guinea, in the Congo, in the Middle East, and the Indian subcontinent, have been persistent and patient despite criticism from both sides. We have also tried to set an example for others, by seeking to adjust small but significant differences with our own closest neighbors in Mexico and Canada. Speaking of other nations, I wish to make one point clear. We are bound to many nations by alliances. Those alliances exist because our concern and theirs substantially overlap. Our commitment to defend Western Europe and West Berlin, for example, stands undiminished because of the identity of our vital interests. The ed States will make no deal with the Soviet Union at the expense of other nations and other peoples, not merely because they are our partners, but also because their interests and ours converge. Our interests converge, however, not only in defending the frontiers of freedom, but in pursuing the paths of peace. It is our hope, and the purpose of allied policy, to convince the Soviet Union that she, too, should let each nation choose its own future, so long as that choice does not interfere with the choices of others. The Communist drive to impose their political and economic system on others is the primary cause of world tension today. For there can be no doubt that if all nations could refrain from interfering in the self-determination of others, the peace would be much more assured. This will require a new effort to achieve world law, a new context for world discussions. It will require increased understanding between the Soviets and ourselves. And increased understanding will require increased contact and communication. One step in this direction is the proposed arrangement for a direct line between Moscow and Washington, to avoid on each side the dangerous delays, misunderstandings, and misings of others' actions which might occur at a time of crisis. We have also been talking in Geneva about our first-step measures of arm[s] controls designed to limit the intensity of the arms race and reduce the risk of accidental war. Our primary long range interest in Geneva, however, is general and complete disarmament, designed to take place by stages, permitting parallel political developments to build the new institutions of peace which would take the place of arms. The pursuit of disarmament has been an effort of this Government since the 1920's. It has been urgently sought by the past three administrations. And however dim the prospects are today, we intend to continue this effort -- to continue it in order that all countries, including our own, can better grasp what the problems and possibilities of disarmament are. The only major area of these negotiations where the end is in sight, yet where a fresh start is badly needed, is in a treaty to outlaw nuclear tests. The conclusion of such a treaty, so near and yet so far, would check the spiraling arms race in one of its most dangerous areas. It would place the nuclear powers in a position to deal more effectively with one of the greatest hazards which man faces in 1963, the further sp of nuclear arms. It would increase our security; it would decrease the prospects of war. Surely this goal is sufficiently important to require our steady pursuit, yielding neither to the temptation to give up the whole effort nor the temptation to give up our insistence on vital and responsible safeguards. I'm taking this opportunity, therefore, to announce two important decisions in this regard. First, Chairman Khrushchev, Prime Minister Macmillan, and I have agreed that high-level discussions will shortly begin in Moscow looking towards early agreement on a comprehensive test ban treaty. Our hope must be tempered -- Our hopes must be tempered with the caution of history; but with our hopes go the hopes of all mankind. Second, to make clear our good faith and solemn convictions on this matter, I now declare that the ed States does not propose to conduct nuclear tests in the atmosphere so long as other states do not do so. We will not -- We will not be the first to resume. Such a declaration is no substitute for a formal binding treaty, but I hope it will help us achieve one. Nor would such a treaty be a substitute for disarmament, but I hope it will help us achieve it. Finally, my fellow Americans, let us examine our attitude towards peace and freedom here at home. The quality and spirit of our own society must justify and support our efforts abroad. We must show it in the dedication of our own lives -- as many of you who are graduating today will have a opportunity to do, by serving without pay in the Peace Corps abroad or in the proposed National Service Corps here at home. But wherever we are, we must all, in our daily lives, live up to the age-old faith that peace and freedom walk together. In too many of our cities today, the peace is not secure because freedom is incomplete. It is the responsibility of the executive branch at all levels of government -- local, State, and National -- to provide and protect that freedom for all of our citizens by all means within our authority. It is the responsibility of the legislative branch at all levels, wherever the authority is not now adequate, to make it adequate. And it is the responsibility of all citizens in all sections of this country to respect the rights of others and respect the law of the land. All this -- All this is not unrelated to world peace. "When a man's way[s] please the Lord," the Scriptures tell us, "he maketh even his enemies to be at peace with him." And is not peace, in the last analysis, basically a matter of human rights: the right to live out our lives without fear of devastation; the right to breathe air as nature provided it; the right of future generations to a healthy existence? While we proceed to safeguard our national interests, let us also safeguard human interests. And the elimination of war and arms is clearly in the interest of both. No treaty, however much it may be to the advantage of all, however tightly it may be worded, can provide absolute security against the risks of deception and evasion. But it can, if it is sufficiently effective in its enforcement, and it is sufficiently in the interests of its signers, offer far more security and far fewer risks than an unabated, uncontrolled, unpredictable arms race. The ed States, as the world knows, will never start a war. We do not want a war. We do not now expect a war. This generation of Americans has aly had enough -- more than enough -- of war and hate and oppression. We shall be prepared if others wish it. We shall be alert to try to stop it. But we shall also do our part to build a world of peace where the weak are safe and the strong are just. We are not helpless before that task or hopeless of its success. Confident and unafraid, we must labor on--not towards a strategy of annihilation but towards a strategy of peace.200606/7687

总统演讲:Obama: Healthcare Address in Iowa City如视频未出现,请稍候,因为FLASH播放器正在加载中。。200712/23423

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