楼主:挂号卫生 时间:2019年09月21日 07:24:51 点击:0 回复:0
1. 养宠物的孩子不易过敏   Pets can help prevent eczema and some allergies in children. Babies and toddlers who live with dogs -- but not cats -- have lower rates of childhood eczema than those raised without dogs. And young children who've had a cat or dog since their first year of life have fewer pet allergies than other kids their age.  宠物能够保护家中的孩子不得湿疹和皮肤过敏。婴儿和刚学会走路的孩子经常和待在一起——不是猫——得湿疹概率比家中不养的要低。而一岁以前就接触过小猫小的小朋友比其他孩子宠物过敏的几率要低。 /201111/160872中央电视台记者:总理您好。我们特别关注民营企业的发展问题。因为在这些年当中我们看到国务院先后出台了两个36条去引导和鼓励民营资本不断获得健康发展。对此有很多民营企业是充满期待的。但是我们也听到有一些民营企业认为,政府对非公经济的持是雷声大、雨点小,实际过程当中有很多民间投资还会面临有形或者无形的障碍,似乎“玻璃门”的现象并没有得到有效解决,而且在社会上针对“国进民退”的说法也有不少争议。请问总理,您如何来看待这样一个问题?CCTV: We pay particular attention to the development of private enterprises in China. The State Council has released two sets of 36 guidelines for encouraging and supporting the development of non-governmental investment, raising a lot of hope on the part of private enterprises in China. However, it is also the view of some private enterprises that they have heard loud thunders but seen few raindrops in terms of government support for the non-public sector, or in other words, much has been said, but little has been done. And those businesses still face visible or invisible obstacles in their operation and the problem of the ;glass door; has not been well addressed. There is also a view that in China the state-owned enterprises are forging ahead but private ones are falling behind. What is your view, Mr. Premier?温家宝:我们的方针是要巩固和发展公有制经济,同时持、鼓励和引导非公经济的发展,就是坚持“两个毫不动摇”。我们在2005年出台了持、鼓励和引导非公经济发展的36条。去年我们又出台了鼓励和引导民营资本投资的36条。应该说,这两个36条“雷声”不小。为什么说它雷声不小呢?因为我们明确地提出,无论在法律层面,还是在政策层面,无论是在财税金融政策,还是在准入政策上,我们对不同所有制的企业都一视同仁,鼓励相互竞争,共同发展。为什么许多非公企业还感到“雨点”小?甚至提出存在所谓“玻璃门”和“弹簧门”的现象,我以为最重要的就是落实不够。大家如果注意这两个文件,后一个36条其实是对第一个36条的补充,它在政策和准入的细节上都作了许多明确的规定。我们正在着手制定新36条的贯彻细则。我相信,这两个文件将会进一步推进非公经济的发展。Premier Wen Jiabao: Our policy is that we will unswervingly consolidate and develop the public sector of the economy and at the same time, unswervingly support, encourage and guide the development of the non-public sector of the economy. In 2005, the State Council formulated the 36 guidelines on supporting, encouraging and guiding the development of non-public sector. Last year, we introduced the new 36 guidelines on encouraging and guiding the non-governmental investment. I should say that the thunder is indeed loud. We have stated in clear-cut terms that we will treat all enterprises of different ownerships in the same way in terms of laws and policies, including fiscal, taxation, financial and market access policies. We encourage these different economic entities to compete with each other and achieve common development. So why do some private enterprises still feel that they have seen few raindrops and that there still exist such problems as the ;glass door; and ;swing door;? I think this is mainly because the policies and measures have not been fully implemented. The new 36 guidelines is seen as a supplementary document to the first set of 36 guidelines, because a lot of detailed arrangements have been spelled out in the new 36 guidelines in terms of policy and market access. We are formulating the detailed rules for the implementation of the new 36 guidelines. I believe that these two documents will help boost the development of the non-public sector.目前不存在所谓“国进民退”的问题,同样也不存在“民进国退”的问题。应该说,30多年的改革开放,国有经济和个体私营经济都有了很大的发展。对于国有经济的发展,今天我不想着重去谈,单就你提到的民营经济发展来说。在全国的固定资产投资当中,民间投资已经超过50%。在工业企业当中,无论从数量、产值、资产总量还是从业人数,都超过了国有企业,这是一个事实。国有经济虽然比重降低,但它依然掌握着国家经济命脉。国有企业在不断深化改革,特别是通过股份制改革,建立现代企业制度,也吸收了大量的社会资本和民间资本,这样也有利于国有经济的发展。我们一定要坚持“两个毫不动摇”,促进国有经济与民营经济共同发展。I don#39;t think we have such problem that state-owned enterprises are forging ahead while the private enterprises are falling behind, nor do we have the opposite problem in China. In the past 30 years and more of reform and opening-up, big development has been achieved in both the public sector and the non-public sector of the economy. I don#39;t want to spend too much time talking about the public sector at the press conference today. With respect to the non-public sector that you mentioned, I would like to point out that now non-public investment accounts for over 50% of the total fixed asset investment and private enterprises in the industrial field have overtaken their state-owned counterparts in terms of the number of businesses, output value, total assets and payrolls. This is a fact that we must recognize. The proportion of the public sector in the total economy is coming down; however, the public sector still holds the lifeline of the national economy. State-owned enterprises are deepening their reform. They have introduced the joint-stock system and the modern corporate system. They have attracted a large amount of non-governmental capital and investment. All these are in the interest of the healthy development of the public sector. We will be unswerving in pursuing these policies and strive for the common development of both the public sector and the non-public sector of the economy. /201204/178105俗话常说;龙生九子,九子各有不同;,关于这句话有一个很长的故事,就是龙生了9个儿子,每个儿子的习性却完全不同,下面是关于龙生九子的故事。2012 is the year of Dragon. Some people say 2012 is a Black Dragon or Water Dragon year. This is because the Stem-Branch Calendar is connected to the Five Element theory. Chinese calendars used the Stem-Branch system to count the days, months and years. There are 10 Stems and 12 Branches in this system. Stems are named by the Yin-Yang and Five Elements (Metal, Water, Wood, Fire and Earth). The Stem sequence order is Yang Wood, Yin Wood, Yang Fire, Yin Fire, Yang Earth, Yin Earth, Yang Metal, Yin Metal, Yang Water and Yin Water. Branches use animal names.The Branch sequence order is Rat, Cow, Tiger, Dragon, Dragon, Snake, Horse, Sheep, Monkey, Chicken, Dog and Pig. Stem and Branch are used together to form a cycle of 60 counting systems which begin with Wooden Rat and end with Water Pig. You can see the entire sequence from the Chinese New Year#39;s page. From 1924 to 1983 is a complete cycle. Year 2012 is Male Water Dragon the 29th of the Stem-Branch in the system. Because Water is connected to Black in the Five-Element system, Year 2012 is also called the Black Dragon year.Dragon has Nine SonsA dragon is a legendary creature. All legendary stories about Chinese dragons are from the sky, which means heaven in China. The image of dragon is blurred, misty, mystic, occulted, noble and untouchable. For China, it is the symbol of power from heaven. The Chinese emperor was considered the son of heaven. An emperor has the authority to send command to Dragons. One Chinese story mentioned an emperor killed a dragon in his dream. After 581 AD, Chinese emperors began to wear imperial robes with dragon symbols. During the Ching Dynasty (1644-1911 AD), the dragon can be seen everywhere on the roofs, doors, pillars, bridges, utensils in the forbidden city. The most powerful dragon is the five-clawed dragon. It appears only on the yellow imperial robe. Because of this, Dragon is one of most auspicious animals in China.They say that Dragon has nine sons. People didn#39;t know too much about the Nine Dragons until Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 AD). However, there is more than one version of the Nine Dragons story. One story is the following.The Dragon sent its nine sons to help the first emperor of Ming Dynasty to conquer China. After completing the mission, nine dragons were preparing their journey to return to heaven. But the emperor wanted them to continue to help the Ming Dynasty. The nine dragons wouldn#39;t stay and the emperor couldn#39;t stop them. However, the emperor decided to play a trick on the most powerful dragon, the 6th son. He tricked the sixth dragon son to carry a magic stele with a carved inscription, which could suppress any ghost, spirit or evil creature. The 6th dragon couldn#39;t move under the magic stele, and all of his other brothers wouldn#39;t leave without him. However, they wouldn#39;t work for the emperor anymore. They decided to no longer show their dragon identities and turned themselves into evil creatures. Since then, the nine dragons have stayed in China.The nine dragon have different themes, and they all have different versions too. We skip their names because all of their names are hard to remember. One version is:龙生九子,九子各有不同:《中国吉祥图说》中描述为:九子之老大叫囚牛,喜音乐,蹲立于琴头;老二叫睚眦(ya zi),嗜杀喜斗,刻镂于刀环、剑柄吞口;老三叫嘲风,平生好险,今殿角走兽是其遗像;四子蒲牢,受击就大声吼叫,充作洪钟提梁的兽钮,助其鸣声远扬;五子狻猊(suan ni),形如狮,喜烟好坐,倚立于香炉足上,随之吞烟吐雾;六子霸下,又名XX(bi xi),似龟有齿,喜欢负重,碑下龟是也;七子狴犴(bi gan),形似虎好讼,狱门或官衙正堂两侧有其像;八子负质,身似龙,雅好斯文,盘绕在石碑头顶;老九螭(chi)吻,又名鸱尾或鸱(chi)吻,口润嗓粗而好吞,遂成殿脊两端的吞脊兽,取其灭火消灾。在《大千传统图案网》中解释比较详尽:The 1st son loves music. The head of Number 1 son becomes a decoration for music instrument, such as two-stringed bowed violin (huqin).龙生九子之一;囚牛囚牛,是龙生九子中的老大,平生爱好音乐,它常常蹲在琴头上欣赏弹拨弦拉的音乐,因此琴头上便刻上它的遗像。这个装饰现在一直沿用下来,一些贵重的胡琴头部至今仍刻有龙头的形象,称其为;龙头胡琴;。The 2nd son loves fighting. Many different handles of weapons have the symbol of Number 2 son.龙生九子之二;睚眦睚眦,是老二,平生好斗喜杀,刀环、刀柄、龙吞口便是它的遗像。这些武器装饰了龙的形象后,更增添了慑人的力量。它不仅装饰在沙场名将的兵器上,更大量地用在仪仗和宫殿守卫者武器上,从而更显得威严庄重。The 3rd son loves adventure and keeping guard. He has prestige and is the symbol of safety, harmony and peace.龙生九子之三;嘲风嘲风,形似兽,是老三,平生好险又好望,殿台角上的走兽是它的遗像。这些走兽排列着单行队,挺立在垂脊的前端,走兽的领头是一位骑禽的;仙人;,后面依次为:龙、凤、狮子、天马、海马、狻猊、押鱼、獬豸、斗牛、和行什。它们的安放有严格的等级制度,只有北京故宫的太和殿才能十样俱全,次要的殿堂则要相应减少。嘲风,不仅象征着吉祥、美观和威严,而且还具有威慑妖魔、清除灾祸的含义。嘲风的安置,使整个宫殿的造型既规格严整又富于变化,达到庄重与生动的和谐,宏伟与精巧的统一,它使高耸的殿堂平添一层神秘气氛。The 4th son loves howling. The image of Number 4 son can be found on the big bells. It is a symbol of protection and alertness.龙生九子之四;蒲牢蒲牢,形似盘曲的龙,排行第四,平生好鸣好吼,洪钟上的龙形兽钮是它的遗像。原来蒲牢居住在海边,虽为龙子,却一向害怕庞然大物的鲸鱼。当鲸鱼一发起攻击,它就吓得大声吼叫。人们报据其;性好鸣;的特点,;凡钟欲令声大音;,即把蒲牢铸为钟纽,而把敲钟的木杵作成鲸鱼形状。敲钟时,让鲸鱼一下又一下撞击蒲牢,使之;响入云霄;且;专声独远;。The 5th son loves quietness, sitting, fire and smoke. His image is often found in temples, such as on incense burners.龙生九子之五;狻猊狻猊,形似狮子,排行第五,平生喜静不喜动,好坐,又喜欢烟火,囚此佛座上和香炉上的脚部装饰就是它的遗像。相传这种佛座上装饰的狻猊是随着佛教在汉代由印度人传入中国的,至南北朝时期,我国的佛教艺术上已普遍使用,这种造型经过我国民间艺人的创造,使其具有中国的传统气派,后来成了龙子的老五,它布置的地方多是在结跏趺坐或交脚而坐的佛菩萨像前。明清之际的石狮或铜狮颈下项圈中间的龙形装饰物也是狻猊的形象,它使守卫大门的中国传统门狮更为睁崃威武。The 6th son has the power of strength. He loves to carry heavy stuff to show off his magic energy. He is a symbol of longevity and good luck.龙生九子之六;霸下霸下,又名赑屃,形似龟,是老六,平生好负重,力大无穷,碑座下的龟趺是其遗像。传说霸下上古时代常驮着三山五岳,在江河湖海里兴风作浪。后来大禹治水时收了它,它从大禹的指挥,推山挖沟,疏遍河道,为治水作出了贡献。洪水治了,大禹担心霸下又到处撒野,便搬来顶天立地的特大石碑,上面刻上霸下治水的功迹,叫霸下驮着,沉重的石碑压得它不能随便行走。霸下和龟十分相似,但细看却有差异,霸下有一排牙齿,而龟类却没有,霸下和龟类在背甲上甲片的数目和形状也有差异。霸下又称石龟,是长寿和吉祥的象征。它总是吃力地向前昂着头,四只脚拼命地撑着,挣扎着向前走,但总是移不开步。我国一些显赫石碑的基座都由霸下驮着,在碑林和一些古迹胜地中都可以看到。The 7th son loves to seek justice. Chinese like to apply his symbol around law, court, or jail.龙生九子之七;狴犴狴犴,又名宪章,形似虎,是老七。它平生好讼,却又有威力,狱门上部那虎头形的装饰便是其遗像。传说狴犴不仅急公好义,仗义执言,而且能明辨是非,秉公而断,再加上它的形象威风凛凛,囚此除装饰在狱门上外,还匐伏在官衙的大堂两侧。每当衙门长官坐堂,行政长官衔牌和肃静回避牌的上端,便有它的形象,它虎视眈眈,环视察看,维护公堂的肃穆正气。The 8th son loves literature. Chinese like to put the 8th son as a symbol around steles. When used in this way, it is a symbol of knowledge or education.龙生九子之八;负屃负屃,似龙形,排行老八,平生好文,石碑两旁的文龙是其遗像。我国碑碣的历史久远,内容丰富,它们有的造型古朴,碑体细滑、明亮,光可鉴人;有的刻制精致,字字有姿,笔笔生动;也有的是名家诗文石刻,脍灸人口,千古称绝。而负屃十分爱好这种闪耀着艺术光的碑文,它甘愿化做图案文龙去衬托这些传世的文学珍品,把碑座装饰得更为典雅秀美。它们互相盘绕着,看去似在慢慢蠕动,和底座的霸下相配在一起,更觉壮观。The 9th son loves water. He is a symbol to prevent fire disasters龙生九子之九;螭吻螭吻,又名鸱尾、鸱吻,龙形的吞脊兽,是老九,口阔噪粗,平生好吞,殿脊两端的卷尾龙头是其遗像。《太平御览》有如下记述:;唐会要目,汉相梁殿灾后,越巫言,lsquo;海中有鱼虬,尾似鸱,激浪即降雨rsquo;遂作其像于尾,以厌火祥。;文中所说的;巫;是方士之流,;鱼虬;则是螭吻的前身。螭吻属水性,用它作镇邪之物以避火。 /201201/169615

As BlackBerries and global business mean more and more of us work #39;out of hours#39;, addiction to work is becoming more common.黑莓手机和跨国贸易意味着越来越多的人超时工作,工作狂现象变得越来越普遍。But until now, being a #39;workaholic#39; has been a matter of opinion - much in the same way as Dylan Thomas quipped, #39;An alcoholic is someone you don#39;t like who drinks as much as you do.#39;到现今为止,“工作狂”仍是见仁见智的一个话题,狄兰#8226;托马斯对酒鬼的定义也是如此,他曾打趣说:“嗜酒者就是喝酒喝得和你一样多的讨厌鬼。”Now, Norwegian scientists have designed a #39;scale#39; to separate out keen workers from those who have a behavioural problem that drives them to harm themselves by overwork.现在,挪威科学家设计了一个“尺度表”,将积极的员工和那些有行为问题、工作过度以至伤身的员工区分开来。The #39;Bergen Work Addiction Scale#39; looks at the kind of behaviour that is displayed by all kinds of addicts, from drug users to alcoholics, but related to the workplace.这一“卑尔根工作狂尺度表”观察了从吸毒者到嗜酒者等各种瘾君子的行为表现,但是将这些行为和职场联系起来。Those who, for instance, free up time to fit in extra work or feel guilty if they don#39;t stay late on a regular basis may be workaholics.举例来说,那些腾出时间加班或是如果不天天超时工作就会感到内疚的人可能是工作狂。Reporting to the Journal of Psychology, researcher Doctor Cecilie Schou Andreassen of the Univesity of Bergen, said the Scale was the first of its kind in the world.研究人员、卑尔根大学的塞西莉亚#8226;休#8226;安德瑞亚森士说该尺度表在全世界是头一个。这一研究发表在《心理学杂志》上。It was tested on 12,000 workers from 25 different kinds of industry, and reflects what she called the #39;seven core elements of addiction.#39;这个表经过25个行业的1.2万名员工的测试,反映出安德瑞亚森士所说的“上瘾的七个要素”。These are salience - noticeability - mood, tolerance, withdrawal, conflict, relapse and problems.这些要素是:突出性(显著性)、情绪、忍耐力、脱瘾、挣扎、复发、问题。The Scale was designed jointly by psychologists from Norway#39;s University of Bergen with colleagues from Nottingham Trent University.该表是挪威卑尔根大学的心理学家和诺丁汉特伦特大学的同事共同设计的。The Bergen scientists believe work addiction is getting worse, not better, because the boundaries between home and office are getting blurred.卑尔根大学的科学家认为人们的工作成瘾症日益严重,因为家庭和办公室的界限越来越模糊。Being in constant touch through mobile phones and laptops and tablet computers, for instance, means it is harder to #39;switch off#39; and easier to work from home.例如,经常使用手机、笔记本电脑和平板电脑意味着更难“关机”,也更容易在家工作。Growing globalisation also means it necessary for some companies to be in touch with colleagues in different time zones, so it will happen outside normal working hours.全球化的发展也意味着某些公司需要和不同时区的同事联系,因此人们也会在非正常工作时间工作。These factors, and others, contribute to more employees who are #39;driven to work excessively and compulsively#39; - the definition of an addict.这些因素和其他因素让更多的员工“不得不强迫性地工作过度”——这构成了工作成瘾。Are you a workaholic? The test that finds out if you have a problem测一测你是不是工作狂Look at each of the following statements and rank yourself on each one according to the following: 1 Never; 2 Rarely; 3 Sometimes; 4 Often; 5 Always.阅读下面的陈述,并按如下几类给自己打分:1、从不;2、很少;3、有时;4、经常;5、总是。You think of how you can free up more time to work.你思考如何能腾出更多时间来工作。You spend much more time working than initially intended.你工作的时间比你预想的多得多。You work in order to reduce feelings of guilt, anxiety, helplessness and depression.你为了减少内疚感、焦虑感、无助感和抑郁感而工作。You have been told by others to cut down on work without listening to them.别人让你减少工作量,但你置若罔闻。You become stressed if you are prohibited from working.如果你被禁止工作,你会感到压力很大。You deprioritize hobbies, leisure activities, and exercise because of your work.你让工作优先于你的爱好、休闲活动和健身。You work so much that it has negatively influenced your health.你工作太多,已经对你的健康造成负面影响。If you score #39;often (4)#39; or #39;always (5)#39; on four or more of these seven statements, it #39;may suggest you are a workaholic.#39;如果这7项陈述中,你有4项以上是“经常”或 “总是”,那么这“可能意味着你是个工作狂”。 /201204/179536

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