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泉州人流的价格费用国际优惠

2019年08月21日 05:47:09 | 作者:排名指南 | 来源:新华社
At a glance, it seems a strange place to put a newborn: a bit of bedding and a miniature sleeping bag arranged in a cardboard box.乍看上去,用这个东西来放新生婴儿似乎有点奇怪:一个硬纸箱,里面有床上用品,以及一个小睡袋。Even so, that’s the first place that many Finnish infants lay their little heads. And the simple setup is believed to be one reason that Finland now has one of the lowest infant mortality rates in the world — 2.52 for every 1,000 births, less than half that of the ed States. 即便如此,这就是很多芬兰婴儿最初睡觉的地方。这种简单的安排,被认为是芬兰拥有全世界最低的婴儿死亡率的原因之一。在芬兰,每1000个新生婴儿中有2.52个死亡,不到美国的一半。Finland provides all mothers-to-be with a baby box, but there’s a string attached. To receive it, the mother has to undergo a medical exam during the first four months of pregnancy.芬兰向所有的准妈妈发放一个婴儿箱,但有个条件:准妈妈们必须在怀的头四个月接受体检。Each year the government gives away about 40,000 of the boxes, which come with bedding and about 50 other baby items, including clothes, socks, a warm coat and even a baby balaclava for the icy Nordic winter. (Mothers who don’t need all those items can choose to get 140 euros instead, or about 5.)政府每年赠送约4万个箱子给准妈妈们,其中包括床上用品以及约50件其他婴儿用品,包括衣、袜子、保暖外套,甚至还有可以应付北欧寒冬的婴儿头套。(如果准妈妈不需要这些东西,可以选择直接领取140欧元,约合人民币1000元)。The program started in the late 1930s, when nearly one of out 10 infants in Finland died in their first year. The boxes were a low-cost way to encourage women to set aside old habits and see a doctor during pregnancy. They also provided a safe place outside of parents’ beds for infants to sleep, in homes that might have only rudimentary furniture. 这个项目开始于上世纪30年代后期,当时在芬兰出生的婴儿中,差不多有十分之一会在第一年内夭折。婴儿箱可以鼓励女性放下旧习惯,在怀期间去看医生,而且这么做的成本也不高。此外,婴儿也可以在这个箱子里安全地睡觉,不用挤在父母的床上,因为有些家庭可能只有最基本的家具。Finland also offers considerable protection for the baby’s parents: up to 10 months’ paid leave, and a guarantee that whoever stays home with a child can return to his or her job any time before the child turns 3.芬兰还为婴儿的父母提供了很好的保障︰长达10个月的带薪假,并保在家带孩子的家长可以在孩子3岁前的任何时间重返工作岗位。There are efforts to extend the baby-box idea to a wider audience. A hospital in London recently began giving out the boxes on a trial basis. In Minnesota, a nonprofit group distributed the boxes to low-income families, inspiring a proposal being debated by state lawmakers. A graduate student at Harvard formed an organization to distribute similar kits in South Asia. 有些人希望把婴儿箱的做法推广给更多人。伦敦一家医院最近开始进行婴儿箱发放试点。在明尼苏达州,一个非营利组织向低收入家庭分发婴儿箱,并催生一项提案,在州议会进行了辩论。一名哈佛大学研究生成立了一个组织,在南亚地区分发类似的套件。“When you move abroad, you realize that, wow, not every place has a baby box,” said Sanna Kangasharju, who works in the Finnish Embassy in Washington.“当你搬到国外时,你意识到,哇,不是每个地方都有婴儿箱,”在芬兰驻华盛顿大使馆工作的桑娜·坎阿斯哈勒尤(Sanna Kangasharju)说。“It’s a very efficient system.”“这是一个非常高效的系统。” /201607/453327British troops are using Bollywood music as part of their psychological warfare against the Islamic State in Libya, by blasting loud songs from India#39;s large film industry in empty cars.英国军队正用宝莱坞音乐作为心理武器之一,来对付利比亚伊斯兰国分部,在空无一人的车里播放震耳欲聋的大型印度电影曲目。The British special forces got the idea from a Pakistani-origin intelligence officer who suggested that Bollywood songs would annoy ISIS, who view the music as un-Islamic. The strategy has been tried out in the Libyan coastal town of Sirte, where the British troops are training Libyan forces to fight ISIS.英国特种部队是从一名巴基斯坦裔的情报官员处得此想法的,说是宝莱坞歌曲会惹怒伊斯兰国,因为在其看来,这一音乐不符合伊斯兰。这一策略在利比亚海岸的苏尔特镇已经试验过,英国军队在那里训练利比亚军人对抗伊斯兰国。According to a report in The Mirror, the team left two cars near the border of Sirte, and started blaring Bollywood songs at dawn using a remote control and two speakers.根据《镜报》报导,这一团队在苏尔特边界留下两辆车,黎明时分即利用遥控和两个扩音器来广播宝莱坞歌曲。In another incident, they intercepted ISIS#39; internal communications and blasted them with Bollywood tunes instead. The experiments have reportedly revealed their hiding places and weaknesses, depending on how much time it took the militants to reach the source of the music and how they complained about the music.另有一事,团队截获了伊斯兰内部通讯 ,继而用宝莱坞曲调吹奏播出。据报道,这些试验也有缺陷,暴露了藏身点,这取决于激进分子需要多久才能锁定音乐源头及他们有多反感这种音乐。“We needed to unnerve militants and at the same time use some sort of passive measure to gauge their force strength in the area and it went well,; an unnamed source said.“我们得让激进分子心力交瘁,同时用些被动手段来衡量这块区域他们的武力水平,进展还不错,”不具名人士如是道。 /201606/449086

Johnson amp; Johnson, AbbVie and other large pharmaceutical companies on Sunday unveiled research showing that their drugs can improve the prospects of patients suffering from the deadliest forms of cancer, generating excitement at the world’s largest meeting of oncologists. 上周日,强生(Johnson amp; Johnson)、艾伯维(AbbVie)等大型制药公司披露的研究结果显示,它们研制的药品能改善患某些最致命形式癌症的人的存活前景,这件事在全球最大的肿瘤学家会议上引起了轰动。About 35,000 doctors and scientists gathered in Chicago at the weekend for the annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (Asco), where the results of more than 5,000 clinical trials were published.上周末,约3.5万名医生和科学家齐聚芝加哥,出席美国临床肿瘤学会(American Society of Clinical Oncology)年度会议。这次会议上发表了逾5000个临床试验的结果。The data from some studies fuelled hopes that drugmakers are on the cusp of a breakthrough in treating patients who have run out of options. 某些研究给出的数据给人们以这样的希望:在治疗那些已用尽现有疗法的患者方面,制药企业正处在取得突破的边缘。A large clinical trial of Darzalex, a drug being co-developed by Jamp;J, showed the medicine improved outcomes dramatically for patients suffering from multiple myeloma, an incurable bone marrow cancer that kills half its victims within five years. Darzalex是强生参与研制的一款药品。对Darzalex展开的一项大型临床试验显示,此药大幅改善了多发性骨髓瘤患者的治疗效果。多发性骨髓瘤是一种不可治愈的骨髓癌症,患者患病五年内的死亡率为50%。Combining the Jamp;J drug with another two medicines commonly given to multiple myeloma patients reduced the risk of a patient’s cancer becoming worse by about 70 per cent, according to a trial of almost 500 participants. 一项参与者将近500人的临床试验显示,将强生的这款药与另两款多发性骨髓瘤患者的常用药结合使用,会将患者癌症恶化的风险降低约70%。A fifth of patients on the Darzalex cocktail experienced a “complete response”, which means their cancer disappeared entirely, while a further 60 per cent had substantial tumour shrinkage. The combination was about twice as effective as the other two medicines alone.接受这种Darzalex鸡尾酒疗法的患者,有五分之一的人病情“完全缓解”——也就是说他们的癌完全消失了——还有60%的人肿瘤显著减小。这种组合的有效性约为只使用另两款药的两倍。“These results are unprecedented in this cancer,” said Dr Antonio Palumbo, an oncologist at the University of Torino in Italy, who led the study. The Darzalex combination would soon become the most common medicine given to multiple myeloma sufferers, he predicted. 领导这项研究的是意大利都灵大学(University of Torino)肿瘤学家安东尼奥#8226;帕伦士(Dr Antonio Palumbo)。他说:“对于这类癌症来说,这些结果是史无前例的。”他预计,Darzalex组合疗法很快就会成为多发性骨髓瘤患者最常用的治疗方案。A smaller trial of an experimental drug recently acquired by AbbVie was also shown to improve the chances of people suffering from another of the deadliest cancers, small-cell lung cancer, which tends to affect smokers.而对艾伯维最近收购的一款试验药品展开的一项较小型的临床试验,也显示出提高了患有另一类最致命癌症的人的存活几率。这种癌症就是小细胞肺癌,患这种癌的往往是吸烟者。This type of lung cancer sps throughout the body quickly, rarely responds to treatment, and claims the lives of more than 250,000 people a year. Just 3 per cent of patients survive for at least five years following diagnosis.这种肺癌在全身扩散很快,治疗也罕有效果,每年会夺去逾25万人的生命。确诊后的五年存活率只有3%。The drug, known as Rova-T, halted tumour growth in almost 90 per cent of patients with high levels of a specific protein, and shrank tumours in 39 per cent of sufferers, according to the study of about 71 participants, all of whom had failed to respond to other treatments.一项参与者约71人的研究显示,这款名为Rova-T的药物令几乎90%的、体内某种蛋白质水平较高的患者的肿瘤停止了生长,还令39%的患者肿瘤缩小。这71人此前尝试过其他疗法,但毫无效果。However, these patients on average survived for about six months after starting therapy, just one month longer that doctors would typically expect. 不过,这些患者在开始接受这项治疗后平均存活时间约为六个月,只比医生们通常预期的存活时间长一个月。Rova-T adopts a novel approach whereby a toxic agent is delivered directly into the tumour cell so it can kill the cancer without destroying healthy tissues as well. The method allows patients to be given larger doses of toxins than they would otherwise be able to tolerate.Rova-T采用了一种创新的方案:毒剂被直接送入肿瘤细胞,从而能在不破坏健康组织的情况下除掉癌变。这种方案使得患者能够接受超过他们原本耐受水平的毒素剂量。 /201606/448265

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