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临沧市妇幼保健院口腔整形科快乐新闻

2017年10月19日 09:31:53 | 作者:求医频道 | 来源:新华社
Significantly warmer winters have played an important role in the ongoing decline in EU greenhouse gas emissions.暖冬对欧盟国家温室气体排放量的持续下降起到了显著作用。According to a new report, the use of CO2 and other gases across the bloc dropped by almost a quarter between 1990 and 2014. A switch from coal to natural gas, the recession and the rise of renewable energy all contributed to the fall. The latest figures show that a milder winter was the major factor in the reduction.根据一项最新报告显示,欧盟国家二氧化碳及其他气体的总排放量在1990年至2014年间下降了近四分之一。由煤炭转用天然气、经济衰退以及可再生能源的兴起都对这一下降起到了作用。而最新数据表明,一个更暖和的冬天是这一数据下降的最主要因素。Overall from 1990 to 2014 emissions across the member states of the European Union fell by 24.4%, easily beating the 2020 target of 20% put forward as part of the first international agreement on climate change, the Kyoto Protocol.总的来说,1990年至2014年期间,欧盟成员国的温室气体总排放量减少了24.4%,大大超过首个国际气候变化协议“京都议定书”所定下的2020年减排20%的目标。Importantly, the EU managed to reduce emissions in this period while economic output rose by 47%.重要的是,欧盟是在经济产量上升47%的同时成功降低了排放量。The keys to cutting warming emissions over the period have been a big switch from coal to gas for electricity production, the rise of renewable energy, better home insulation and the economic recession of 2008. But milder weather has contributed as well. In 2014, when emissions fell by 4.1%, it was the most important factor.而这一时间温室气体排放量减少的关键在于:发电由使用煤炭转向使用天然气,可再生能源的兴起,更优良的房屋绝缘以及2008年的经济衰退。但是暖冬也起到了同样重要的作用。2014年排放量下降的4.1%中,暖冬是最主要的因素。;If you look at the 24 year period, there is some warming in Europe and this has contributed to lower heat demand and lower greenhouse gas emissions,; said Ricardo Fernandez from the European Environment Agency who compiled the figures. ;In the last two years it has even been stronger - in 2014 you can see that, while its not the only factor, by and large it#39;s due to the milder winter conditions in Europe.;负责收集这些数据的欧洲环境总署的里卡多·费尔南德兹表示:“如果回顾这24年,你会发现欧洲气候在变暖,而这减少了人们对暖气的需求并降低了温室气体排放。过去两年,减排效果更为显著,可以看出2014年的减排大致上是因为欧洲冬天气候趋暖所致。虽然这不是唯一的因素。”That mild, wet winter was felt particularly in Germany and the UK, and it is reductions in domestic heating demand in both those countries that accounts for just under half the decline across the 28 states that year.德国和英国的冬天尤其令人觉得温和、潮湿,而家庭暖气需求的减少使这两个国家的减排量占欧盟28国近一半的总减排量。Overall though, over the past 24 years the UK and Germany have both been major movers in helping to reduce greenhouse gases - in that time UK emissions have dropped by by 34.3%.总的来说,英国与德国是过去24年来欧盟减排的最大推动力,英国在这期间减排多达34.3%。 /201606/451920If you work a desk job, you might make up for all that sitting around by going for a run every day after leaving the office. That exercise cancels out the negative effects of eight hours spent in a chair, right?如果你在办公室工作,你可以在离开办公室后,每天通过跑步来弥补这一天的久坐。运动可以抵消八个小时坐在椅子上带来的负面影响,是这样吗?Wrong, according to a new advisory from the American Heart Association.美国心脏协会的一项新报告表明,这一结论是错误的。In the lengthy paper, a team of cardiology experts reviewed existing evidence about the link between sitting and health.在这篇冗长的论文中,心脏病专家小组回顾了现有关于久坐与健康之间关系的论。Their conclusions, published this week in the journal Circulation, say that no amount of physical activity is enough to combat the dangerous health effects of sitting for hours each day.其结论于本周发表在《循环》杂志上,他们认为再多的体育活动也不足以抵消每天久坐所带来的健康危害。The average American sits for six to eight hours per day, according to the AHA#39;s report. Studies have linked long periods of sitting with an increased risk for diabetes, heart disease and even cancer. Sedentary days have also been shown to increase anxiety.据美国心脏协会的报告显示,美国人每天平均坐着的时间为六到八个小时。该研究表明,久坐会增加患糖尿病、心脏病、甚至癌症的风险。此外,久坐不动还会增加焦虑感。Some research has found that frequent breaks from sitting ― even simply fidgeting! ― can help ward off its negative health effects.一些研究发现,坐立期间不断的中断--即便只是坐立不安--也可以帮助避免其对健康的负面影响。;Regardless of how much physical activity someone gets, prolonged sedentary time could negatively impact the health of your heart and blood vessels,; said Dr. Deborah Young, chair of the report, in a statement. ;There is evidence to suggest that sedentary behavior could contribute to excess morbidity and mortality.;该报告的负责人黛拉·杨士在一份申明中写道:;不管做多少体育运动,长期久坐都可能会影响心血管健康,有据表明,久坐可能会导致发病率和死亡率过高。;In other words, sitting may kill you faster. And while experts say they don#39;t have enough data to recommend exact time limits for chair potato-ing, it#39;s wise to adopt their mantra of ;Sit less, move more.;换句话说,久坐可能很快就会要了你的命。虽然专家表示,他们还没有足够的数据来给出坐在椅子上的确切时间,但是把;少坐多动;作为口头禅仍是明智之举。Popular ways to sit less include trading TV time for active hobbies, walking or biking to work instead of riding in a car or bus, or hosting a walking meeting instead of gathering your colleagues in a conference room.比较受欢迎的少坐方式包括:把看电视的时间换成做积极向上的爱好的时间,步行或骑自行车上班而不是乘汽车或公共汽车,可以召开一次步行会议,而不是把你的同事叫到会议室。 /201608/463536

Chinese Yuanxiao元宵Round sweet dumplings traditionally are eaten for happiness on the Lantern Festival. Today these dumplings also are a popular dessert in China ,and come in two varieties; one is made of white and brown sugar, sweet-scented osmanthus,nuts and sesame seeds;the other has meat and vegetable fillings. Recently Chinese have begun adding chocolate for a truly unique flavor,even though traditional boiled dumplings,fried sweet dumplings are becoming popular.汤圆传统上是为幸福而吃在元宵节。在中国,今天这些汤圆也是一种受欢迎的甜品,汤圆有两个品种,一种是白糖和红糖、桂花、坚果和芝麻馅料;另一种有肉类和蔬菜馅料。最近中国人已经开始将巧克力加入汤圆里,使其成为一种真正独特的风味,即使传统的水煮汤圆,炸汤圆越来越受欢迎。 /201606/450294

New research seems to prove the theory that brainy people spend more time lazing around than their active counterparts. 新的研究似乎明:相比那些活跃的人来讲,聪明的人会更懒散一点。Findings from a US-based study seem to support the idea that people with a high IQ get bored less easily, leading them to spend more time engaged in thought. 美国的一项研究似乎持这个观点,一个高智商的人不容易感到无聊,他们也会花更多的时间进行思考。The ‘need for cognition’ questionnaire asked participants to rate how strongly they agree with statements such as ;I really enjoy a task that involves coming up with new solutions to problems;, and ;I only think as hard as I have to;. 关于认知需要的问卷调查——要求调查对象针对如“我真的很喜欢一个需要想出问题新的解决方法任务”,以及“我只是觉得我要努力”等这些语句的认知程度进行打分。The researchers, led by Todd McElroy, then selected 30 ‘thinkers’ and 30 ‘non-thinkers’ from the pool of candidates.由托德·麦克尔罗伊带头的研究小组从调查候选人里选择了30位“思考者”和“非思考者”。Results showed the thinking group were far less active during the week than the non-thinkers. 结果表明在一周内思考者一组远不如非思考者一组活跃。He suggested that the less active people, no matter how clever they are, should aim to raise their overall activity levels to improve their health他建议不太活跃的人,不管他们有多聪明,都应该提高他们的整体活动水平来改善他们的健康状态。 /201608/459823

Early one morning last February, I felt the thud of my cat Tink#39;s paws as she landed on my legs. I was fast asleep and she woke me up, which had never happened before. It was completely uncharacteristic: she sleeps downstairs and never comes into the bedroom.去年2月的一天清晨,当她落在我腿上的时候,我感觉我的猫-丁当的爪子狠抓了一下。她把我从熟睡中叫醒了,之前从没发生过,这完全是不寻常的:她睡在楼下,从不进卧室。I sat up feeling groggy because I#39;d been out the night before, but I soon realised something was very wrong. The room was half-filled with a layer of white smoke, eerie and alarming, hanging in the air about three feet deep like a bank of white cloud.因为前天晚上外出,所以我昏昏沉沉地坐起来,但很快我意识到一些事情是异常的。房间里充满了一层白色的烟雾,怪异和令人惊慌, 像一堆白色的云悬挂在三英尺高的空中。I woke up my partner, Russ, in a panic and we jumped out of bed. As we waded through the thick smoke, I was still trying to process exactly what was going on, and the danger only really hit me when I went out on to the landing.我把我的爱人Russ叫醒,恐慌中我们跳下床。当我们费力的穿过厚厚烟雾时,我仍然试图确定到底发生了什么,当我出去站在地上时危险才真正到来。Our son Jake, 19, had woken up, too, and as he opened his brother Scott#39;s door, black smoke billowed out. The smoke from Scott#39;s room curled up to the ceiling; it was only then that the smoke alarm was triggered. Scott, 22, emerged, shouting above the racket that he was struggling to breathe. I phoned the fire brigade, who told us to leave the house as quickly as we could.我的儿子杰克19岁也已经醒了,当他打开他哥哥斯科特的门时,黑烟滚滚,烟一下子从斯科特的房间冲到天花板上,触发了那里的烟雾报警器。22岁的斯科特跳出来大喊大叫,他难以呼吸。我拨通了消防队的电话,他告诉我们尽可能的尽快离开房子。It was a massive wrench, leaving all of our belongings behind, but we knew we had no choice. We assumed Tink had slipped out of the house, too.留下我们所有的财产是巨大的痛苦,但是我们知道别无选择,我们想着丁当也已经溜出了房子。Within minutes, six fire engines arrived. As I stood blearily in the road, I looked at our house and realised that the source of the fire was actually our next-door neighbour#39;s - flames were licking the front of her house. She had also managed to get out and was later taken to hospital for smoke inhalation.几分钟后,六辆消防车来了。当我困倦无神地站在路上看着我们的房子时,我意识到了火焰是从隔壁邻居的屋子前面蔓延过来的。她已经设法逃出来了,因为吸入浓烟太多已被送往医院。译文属 /201608/457521

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