上海曙光医院激光去痘手术价格
时间:2019年11月13日 16:32:33

Drew Greenblatt surveys the shop floor of his small factory in a down-at-heel district of Baltimore, Maryland, where two workers are using a large steel-bending robot.德鲁#8226;格林布拉特(Drew Greenblatt)的小工厂位于美国马里兰州巴尔的一个破败的地区,他正在视察工厂车间,两名工人正在操作一个大型的钢铁弯轧机器人。“This part used to be made in China,” he says. “But because of the robotics we stole this [manufacturing] from China and now make it in America.”“过去这个零部件在中国制造,”他称,“但是由于机器人技术,我们将这项(制造业务)从中国偷走了,如今在美国制造它。”The introduction of automation at Marlin Steel Wire Products has helped boost employee productivity fourfold since 1998, estimates Mr Greenblatt, whose customers include carmaker General Motors . The gains in efficiency are impressive but they are not being replicated across America.格林布拉特估计,自1998年以来,马林钢丝产品公司(Marlin Steel Wire Products)引入自动化技术已经帮助将员工的生产率提高了3倍。他的客户包括汽车制造商通用汽车(General Motors)。该公司生产率的提升令人瞩目,但是这种模式并未在美国得到普遍推广。Even as US manufacturers adopt automation as part of their fightback against offshoring to Asia, productivity growth across the economy is at a near-standstill. A similar picture is being played out across the globe, exposing the most pressing problem in the world economy today. Only India and sub-Saharan Africa seem to be immune from slowing productivity growth.即便美国制造商采用自动化作为反击制造业岗位向亚洲外流的部分努力,但整个经济的生产率增长仍近乎处于停滞状态。类似的景象正在全球各地上演,这暴露了当今世界经济面临的最紧迫问题。只有印度和撒哈拉以南非洲地区看上去并未出现生产率增长放缓。Economists are increasingly alarmed because slower improvements in efficiency will lead to a fall-off in living standards and less-solid public finances. In the medium term, productivity growth is the most important driver of prosperity. Its weakness in recent years lies at the heart of why advanced nations have remained in a low-growth rut since the financial crisis even as unemployment has fallen.由于生产率提高放缓将导致生活水平下降以及公共财政稳定性降低,经济学家对此日益担心。从中期来看,生产率增长是繁荣最重要的推动因素。自金融危机以来,即便失业率已经下滑,但发达国家仍未能摆脱低增长率趋势,这其中的核心问题就是近年来生产率增长疲软。Janet Yellen, the Federal Reserve chair, raised America’s “relatively weak” productivity in a speech last week and urged new measures to strengthen education, boost entrepreneurship and lift capital investment.上周,美联储主席珍妮特#8226;耶伦(Janet Yellen)在发表演讲时提到了美国“相对疲软”的生产率,敦促推出新的措施以加强教育、促进创业以及提升资本投资。New data from the Conference Board think-tank show that average labour productivity growth in mature economies slowed to 0.6 per cent in 2014 from 0.8 per cent in 2013, as a result of ebbing performances in the US, Japan and Europe. Productivity, which tracks how efficiently inputs such as labour and capital are used, tends to evolve over long periods. But the Conference Board ings confirm a longer-term trend of sagging growth that is setting off alarm bells around the world.智库机构世界大型企业联合会(Conference Board)的新数据显示,由于美国、日本和欧洲的表现日益走下坡路,成熟经济体的平均劳动生产率增速由2013年的0.8%降至2014年的0.6%。追踪劳动力、资本等投入使用效率的生产率,往往经过长期演化形成。但是,世界大型企业联合会的数据实了生产率增长低迷的长期趋势,这一趋势正在全世界范围敲响警钟。“In the past decade the US has had terrible productivity growth and other countries have been slipping relative to the US,” says John Fernald, an economist at the San Francisco Fed.“过去10年,美国生产率增长表现糟糕,而其他国家相对于美国的差距持续加大,”旧金山联邦储备(San Francisco Fed)的经济学家约翰#8226;弗纳尔德(John Fernald)称。In the UK, productivity has not improved in eight years, breaking a trend of roughly 2 per cent annual growth stretching back over a century. George Osborne, the chancellor, last week committed the new Conservative government to boosting productivity.英国的生产率已经8年未出现改善,打破了一个世纪以来每年增长约两个百分点的趋势。上周,英国财政大臣乔治#8226;奥斯本(George Osborne)向新的保守党(Conservative)政府承诺将提高生产率。Faced with rapidly ageing populations and slowing employment growth, mature economies need to boost productivity sharply if they are to escape stagnating living standards. To compensate fully for slower employment growth over the coming 50 years, productivity growth would need to be 80 per cent faster than over the past half-century, according to calculations from McKinsey, the consultancy.面对人口迅速老龄化以及就业增长放缓,成熟经济体如果想摆脱生活水平停滞不前的问题,就需要大幅提高生产率。据咨询公司麦肯锡(McKinsey)估算,为了完全弥补未来50年就业增长放缓的影响,生产率增速将需要比过去半个世纪快80%。Whether such an acceleration can be achieved depends in part on identifying why growth is slowing. To optimists, the poor numbers are a transitory legacy of the recession. The downturn in global demand has temporarily depressed companies’ willingness to invest in new equipment and ideas, and that more cautious outlook dented productivity.这种加速能否实现,部分取决于能否确定生产率增速下降的原因。对于乐观主义者来说,糟糕的数据只是衰退的暂时性后遗症。全球需求下滑暂时性地打压了公司投资新设备和新想法的意愿,人们更加谨慎的观点拉低了生产率。But the slowdown predated the financial crisis; Conference Board data reveal a longstanding fall in growth across mature economies. In Europe and Japan it started in the 1990s, and is related to slower adoption of technology, it says.但是,生产率增长放缓先于金融危机;世界大型企业联合会的数据显示,成熟经济体长期以来普遍存在生产率增长放缓的情况。该机构表示,欧洲和日本生产率增长放缓始于上世纪90年代,与之相联系的是技术应用变慢。Marco Annunziata, the chief economist at General Electric, worries there is a structural problem in Europe due to a lack of risk-taking, low Ramp;D spending and inflexible labour markets.通用电气(General Electric)的首席经济学家马可#8226;安农齐亚塔(Marco Annunziata)担心,由于缺乏冒险活动、研发出较低以及劳动市场缺少灵活性,欧洲可能存在结构性问题。In the US, the most efficient of the major economies, productivity growth began to ebb in 2005. According to Mr Fernald, this was a result of the lapsing of temporary growth dividends from the 1990s IT revolution.在美国这个生产率最高的主要经济体中,生产率增长从2005年开始放缓。弗纳尔德表示,这是上世纪90年代信息技术革命带来的暂时性增长红利消失所导致的。This raises the possibility that the recent, dreary productivity growth in the US is actually a return to an older and weaker trend. Even in emerging economies, where efficiency is catching up, the rate of growth has slowed.这带来了一种可能性,即美国近期生产率增长低迷实际上是对一种更老、更疲弱趋势的回归。即使在生产率正迎头赶上的新兴经济体,生产率增长也已经放缓。This has major implications in terms of a prolonged shortfall in tax revenues and increased public debt. It was just such a scenario — the fall in productivity growth between 2010 and 2015 — that stretched a planned four-year period of austerity in the UK into a decade of public-sector misery.这会造成重大影响——税收不足的状况延长、公共债务增加。正是这种情况,即2010年至2015年英国生产率增速下降,导致了英国规划的4年紧缩期延长为公共部门十年困难期。Optimists counter that it is just a matter of time before we see an upsurge in productivity, pointing to innovation in American IT hubs such as Silicon Valley.乐观主义者反驳称,生产率出现迅速提升只是时间的问题,并把希望寄托在硅谷(Silicon Valley)等美国IT中心的创新上。Researchers at Blue River Technology, a California-based agricultural robotics company, envisage farms of the future being surveyed by flocks of drones, and tended by fleets of robots and self-driving tractors. It is aly operating teams of “lettuce bots”, which are being dragged across fields in Arizona and California to identify 1.5m individual plants an hour and make decisions on how to fertilise them.位于加州的农业机器人公司Blue River Technology的研究员描绘了未来农场的样子——成群无人机在空中巡视,大批机器人以及无人驾驶拖拉机照料着生产。该公司的“生菜机器人”队伍已经在工作,它们分布在亚利桑那州和加州的田地间,每小时识别150万株植物并决定如何施肥。Some argue that the easiest targets for technological progress have aly been met. But others say the world is on the cusp of a machine-driven growth spurt, where driverless cars and robots will replace people, and cite companies such as Blue River as evidence.一些人认为,科技进步最容易的目标已经实现。其他人则认为,世界已步入机器驱动的增长井喷时代,无人驾驶汽车和机器人将取代人类,Blue River之类的公司就是明。Another more bullish outlook suggests that the concept of productivity as a measure of living standards is now outdated because quality is difficult to measure in public services such as education, and progress is hard to capture in many consumer technologies. Equivalents to Skype, for instance, were prohibitively expensive a decade ago but now are free, giving people higher standards of living without troubling the statisticians compiling gross domestic product data.另一种更加乐观的观点认为,将生产率作为生活水平衡量指标的看法如今已过时,因为在教育等公共务中,质量很难衡量,而在许多消费者技术中,进步也很难捕捉。例如,10年前与Skype发挥同样功效的产品贵得离谱,而如今却是免费的,这提高了人们的生活水平,而无须麻烦统计师编纂国内生产总值(GDP)数据。“This takes you into uncharted territory about what progress means in advanced economies,” says Professor Diane Coyle of Manchester university. “There has clearly been an increase in consumers’ welfare, probably extremely large, and we don’t know how it is linked to GDP.”“这将你带入一个关于进步在发达经济体中意味着什么的未知领域,”曼彻斯特大学(Manchester University)的教授黛安娜#8226;科伊尔(Diane Coyle)称,“消费者福利明显有所增加,增幅很可能还极大,而我们不知道这与GDP有何关联。”Mismeasurement might explain how many consumers are better off without appearing to have higher incomes in real terms. But statistical arguments cannot raise incomes or tax revenues, nor do they return sectors with previously high productivity growth back to former levels of success.许多消费者看上去实际收入并未提高,日子却更好过了,原因或许就在于统计失灵。但是,统计学解释无法提高收入或税收,也无法让之前生产率增速较高的行业获得之前那种水平的成功。 /201505/377423

Little interest in the next iPhone#39;s purported Force Touch feature combined with weak demand in China could sink iPhone sales in the fourth quarter, says analyst Ming-Chi Kuo.分析师郭明池称,下一代iPhone的压感触控功能(Force Touch)在中国遭到了冷遇,国内需求低,这很可能会导致iPhone第四季度销量下滑。Reportedly slated for the iPhone 6S, Force Touch makes the screen pressure-sensitive so it responds to how you press on the surface and is aly in use on the the MacBook and Apple Watch. But Force Touch has failed to generate much excitement among MacBook and Apple Watch owners, Kuo said in an investors note picked up on Tuesday by Taiwanese news site Apple Daily. So Force Touch may not be ;the most significant change to the iPhone#39;s interface to date; that the analyst claimed it would be in an April report, according to Kuo#39;s latest opinion.据称,具备压感触控功能的iPhone 6S可以感知用户按压表面的不同力度,从而调出不同的对应功能。而这项技术已经在MacBook和Apple Watch上得到了应用。但是本周二的台湾苹果日报中刊登了郭明池的这样一番评价:压感触控并没有在MacBook和Apple Watch的用户激起很大的反响。与今年4月份郭明池爆料iPhone 6S将持Force Touch的时候态度明显不同,他现在并不认为压感触控是“苹果iOS迄今为止最大的变革”了。Expected to be released in September, the next iPhone comes in an ;off-year; for Apple. That means the new handset will likely offer a few enhancements and one significant new feature. But this year#39;s phone won#39;t be considered a major upgrade as was last year#39;s big-screened iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus. If Force Touch doesn#39;t prove to be a killer feature for the new iPhone, existing iPhone users may see little reason to upgrade. That could push overall iPhone sales down in the fourth quarter, according to Kuo.预计在九月份发布的下一代iPhone可谓是“生不逢时”。一般来说,新机除了会做一些性能提升外,更重要的是会带来一项重要的新功能。但是今年的iPhone相比去年发布的大屏幕iPhone6和 IPhone6 Plus而言,恐怕不足以吸引用户升级购买。郭明池认为,如果Force Touch对于新的iPhone来说确实不能算作杀手级特性的话,iPhone手机的当前用户几乎没有理由购买新机,这也将导致iPhone的销量在第四季度直线下跌。Another factor that Kuo believes will hurt fourth-quarter iPhone sales is China. Still the world#39;s largest smartphone market, China is seeing weaker demand for mobile phones as the market has become more saturated. Apple has been hit by the downturn, losing its spot as the No. 1 smartphone seller in China and now in third place behind local vendors Xiaomi and Huawei, according to research firm Canalys. Even Apple CEO Tim Cook has acknowledged that China could see some ;speed bumps; because of economic woes.郭明池认为会损害iPhone第四季度销量的另一因素就是中国。中国当前仍是世界上最大的智能手机市场,但其手机市场已经趋于饱和,用户对于手机的需求正在减弱。据调研公司Canalys的数据显示,苹果公司已经开始衰退了,当前已失去了在中国智能手机销量第一的地位,位于本土品牌小米和华为之后,屈居第三。甚至苹果的CEO Tim Cook都已经承认,由于经济低迷,中国市场的发展已经进入了“减速带”。With no real killer feature for the new iPhone and sluggish demand in China, Kuo said that iPhone sales in the fourth quarter could fall to between 65 million and 75 million. If that forecast isn#39;t on the higher side, then sales would actually drop below the record 74.5 million iPhones reported in the same quarter in 2014. That would mark the first time that quarterly iPhone sales dropped on a year-to-year basis.郭明池预测,由于新版iPhone没有真正的杀手级特性,而中国市场需求也不旺盛,iPhone在第四季度的销售可能会跌至6500-7500万部左右。照此估计,iPhone的销量将低于去年同期苹果7450万部的骄人成绩,也将面临其历史上第一次销量下滑。Nothing definitive is known about the next iPhone at this point. Apple is expected to stick with the same screen sizes introduced last year -- one iPhone with a 4.8-inch screen and a larger edition with a 5.5-inch display. Kuo has suggested that the new phones will be powered by the Samsung-produced A9 processor, the successor to the current A8 chip. Combine that with 2GB of RAM, and the next iPhones would offer a hefty bump in power and speed over the iPhone 6.截止目前,关于新版iPhone的任何消息均不能保确切。苹果公司很可能继续延续去年发布的屏幕尺寸版本:一款4.8英寸,同时发布一版5.5英寸屏幕的iPhone。郭明池预测新版iPhone将会采用三星制造的A9处理器,以代替当前的A8芯片。再结合2GB的RAM存储器,下一代iPhone将比iPhone6在运行和速度方面都有一个飞跃。 /201509/397963

First Bridge over the Yangtze River武汉长江大桥Wuhan Changjiang River Bridge began to be built on September l, 1955.It was opened to traffic October 13 , 1957. The whole bridge is 1670 meters long. The main bridge is 1156 meters long. The bridge approach in the north end is 303 meters long. The bridge approach in the south end is 211 meters long. It is 80 meters high from the fundus to the surface of the highway bridge. The bridge has two storeys. The lower is the railway bridge. It is 14,5 meters wide. Two trains in the opposite direction can run across it at the same time. The upper is the highway bridge. It is 22.5 meters wide. Four cars can run across ; side by side. The main bridge is a bridge with 3 continuous spans. Each span has 3 arches. There are 8 abutments and 9 arches in total. Every arch has a span of 128 meters. Large ships can sail across it all the year round.武汉长江大桥建于1955年9月1日,于1957年10月15日建成通车。全桥总长1670米,其中正桥1156米,北岸引桥303米,南岸引桥211米。从基底至公路桥面高80米,下层为双线铁路桥,宽14.5米,两列火车可同时对开。上层为公路桥,宽22.5米,设4车道。桥身为三联连续桥梁,每联三孔,共八墩九孔。每孔跨度为128米,终年巨轮航行无阻。There is one bridge tower at each end of the bridge. They are in national architectural style. Each is 35 meters high. There are 7 storeys from the hall on the ground floor to the pavilion on the top floor. People can go up and come down by lift. The auxiliary buildings and all kinds of decorations are very compatible with the whole bridge. The whole bridge looks extremely magnificent. People can take the lift from the ground floor directly to arrive at the road surface of the highway bridge. When people stand on the bridge and look into the distance, they will find that the three towns of Wuhan combine into one whole. It makes people full of imagination. ;One bridge is built spanning the river, which makes the traffic convenient. ; Wuhan Changjiang River Bridge not only unites the three towns of Wuhan into one body, but also greatly promotes the development of industry and agriculture.正桥的两端建有具有民族风格的桥头堡,各高35米,从底层大厅至顶亭,共7层,有电动升降梯供人上下。附属建筑和各种装饰协调精美,整座大桥异常雄伟。若从底层坐电动升降梯可直接上大桥公路桥面参观,眺望四周,整个武汉三镇连成一体,也打通了被长江隔断的京汉、粤汉两铁路,形成完整的京广线,使人心旷神怡,浮想联翩,真是“一桥飞架南北,天堑变通途”。武汉长江大桥不仅是把武汉三镇连接为一体的重要桥梁,而且对促进工业、农业的发展起到了重要作用。 /201602/419371

The world’s biggest mass migration has hitched a ride on the sharing economy, with hundreds of thousands of Chinese turning to carpooling for their annual pilgrimage home for the lunar new year.全球规模最大的人口大迁徙搭上了共享经济的便车,数十万中国人在一年一度的春节回家过年的旅途中转向拼车务。The holiday season, which kicks off on Monday, will see mass criss-crossing across the country and bottlenecks at stations and on the roads, as tens of millions of migrants return back home from the cities for a fortnight of family.在本周日开始的春节假期期间,全国各地将出现大规模人口迁移,车站和道路将人满为患,数千万务工人员将从城市回到家乡与家人共度春节。Yan Chao, a 25-year-old mobile app developer, is one of the 300,000 travellers in the last week of January who opted to forgo these hardships and instead hitch a lift using one of the new and increasingly popular on-demand carpooling services.25岁的移动软件开发员严超(音译)是1月最后一周30万拼车大军中的一员,他们选择放弃旅途辛苦,利用日趋流行的新的汽车拼车务搭便车。As growth slows, state initiatives such as Premier Li Keqiang’s “Internet Plus” strategy are making an accelerated push to fill the cracks in China’s creaking old economy using big data and mobile internet to tackle longstanding problems such as traffic congestion.随着经济增速放缓,中国总理李克强提出的“互联网+”战略等政府举措正加紧努力,利用大数据和移动互联网填补中国岌岌可危的老经济的裂缝,解决交通拥堵等长期问题。But progress is slowed by an inherent fear of new technologies being too disruptive and, as local governments and their taxi fleets are fighting hard for the status quo, many new initiatives stay semi-illegal until they prove sufficiently useful.但出于对新技术破坏性太强的固有担心,这方面进展缓慢,地方政府及其出租车公司正奋力维持现状,很多新的举措处于半非法状态——直到它们被明足够有用。Chinese new year lift-sharing was given the green light by the authorities two weeks ago when deputy minister Wang Shuiping said the transport ministry “encouraged” carpooling services so long as they were free.两周前,中国政府批准了春节拼车务,当时交通部运输务司副司长王水平表示,只要不以盈利为目的,交通部“鼓励”拼车务。“Obviously public transport is falling short,” said Sun Liang, a spokesperson for Didi Kuaidi, China’s homegrown Uber equivalent, which operates the carpooling platform Didi Hitch and calculated the number. It predicts 1m journeys by the end of the holiday.中国版“优步”(Uber)、打车应用滴滴快的(Didi Kuaidi)发言人孙亮(音译)表示:“公共交通显然运力不够。”该公司经营拼车平台滴滴顺风车(Didi Hitch),并对拼车数据进行了计算。该公司预测,到春节假期结束,将有100万单拼车行程。“Six million people standing for sometimes 40-hour train rides... our dense driver network, we thought we could help people share their resources.”“600万人有时要站着搭乘40个小时的火车……凭借我们密集的私家车主网络,我们认为,我们能够帮助人们共享资源。”That chimed with Yan Chao. “Using Didi Hitch was about the same price, and it is much more convenient and comfortable,” he said.这与严超产生了共鸣。他表示:“利用滴滴顺风车价格与公共交通一样,但方便得多,也舒适得多。”Because of its established driver network, Didi Kuaidi’s service, which is currently free of charge, is among the most trusted options, as it comes with insurance and a code of conduct for drivers.借助现有的车主网络,滴滴快的顺风车务(目前不收取任何费用)是最受信赖的出行选择之一,公司还为车主和乘客提供了保险,并对车主实行行为准则。The platform was launched last June as a short-range commuter sharing service that Didi hoped would relieve the “pain point” of China’s nightmare rush hours and help the environment.滴滴顺风车于去年6月推出,滴滴希望这种短程通勤拼车务将缓解中国交通高峰的“痛点”并有利于环境。But it is not all altruistic: non-profit services such as these help Didi Kuaidi keep customers and the authorities onside — something Uber’s various travails around the world have shown to be a valuable commodity.但这并非完全无私:这类非盈利务帮助滴滴快的争取到客户和政府的持,优步在全球的各种遭遇表明这种持非常宝贵。The transport ministry’s Mr Wang injected a note of caution, saying he “hopes both sides clarify their interests [before setting off] to avoid unnecessary conflict”.中国交通部的王水平提出了告诫,他表示他“希望双方(在出行前)明晰权益,以避免不必要的纠纷”。Yan Chao, meanwhile, laughs off worries of being cheated on the road. “I spoke with [the driver] many times, and confirmed details — including that he would be bringing his dog in the car,” he said. “It’s not a big issue.”与此同时,严超对于在路上被骗的担忧一笑置之。“我与(车主)交谈过很多次,实了一些细节,包括他会把他的带上车,”他说道,“这不是个大问题。” /201602/426175


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