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佛山新世纪生殖器疱疹医院国际常识

2020年02月20日 08:01:27 | 作者:天涯门户 | 来源:新华社
Another unit used to measure levels另一个衡量运动强度的单位是METof activity is the MET. MET stands forMET的意思是代谢当量任务metabolic equivalent task. All living being所有生物都需要能量require energy to support the basic functions来维持人体的基本机能of the body hence there is a constant energy cost所以这些代谢过程都要associated with these metabolic processes.持续不断地消耗能量This is called the resting metabolic rate.这叫做静息代谢率Physical activity adds to the energy costs of除了人体保持静止需要的能量the body beyond those required to maintain运动会消耗人体更多的能量the body at rest. Energy expenditure varies能量消耗随着运动种类with type of activity and intensity and the MET和剧烈程度的不同而变化measures this. Many studies have been doneMET正是衡量能量消耗多少的单位to determine energy cost of different activities很多研究发现,通过检测氧气的消耗by monitoring the oxygen consumed and和计算运动的平均耗氧量calculating the average oxygen it takes可以确切得知不同运动的to do that activity. Comparing that average oxygen能量消耗是多少,通过比较intake to resting oxygen uptake is how METs平均耗氧量和静息耗氧量而得出的MET值are determined. One MET is the energy expended一个MET是静止时消耗的能量at rest. Two METs designates the energy expended两个MET指的是静止时twice that at rest and so on. The higher the MET消耗能量的2倍 MET值越高the more intense the activity.运动就越剧烈The chart gives examples of activities这个图标提供了各种运动and their associated METs. Very light activities和它们的MET值,非常轻微运动such as standing, ing, talking on the telephone,例如站立,阅读,打电话studying, sitting in class and note taking all have学习,坐在教室上课,记笔记等a MET from 1.3 to 1.8. Light activities haveMET值在1.3到1.8之间a MET of 2. Activities in this category轻度运动的MET值是2are playing a musical instrument, gardening,轻微运动包括弹奏乐器,做园艺light office work such as filing, walking整理文件等轻度办公室工作at a slow pace and light use of hand tools.慢走,以及手动工具的少量使用Moderately vigorous activities have中度剧烈运动的MET值是a MET of 3.5 to 4 and include such activities3.4到4,包括举重such as weight lifting, leisurely kayaking, walking休闲皮艇运动,在办公室中行走in an office and golfing without carrying the clubs.不携带球棒打高尔夫球等Vigorous activities have METS from 6 to 16剧烈运动的MET值在6到16之间and include things from slow jogging at包括消耗6个MET值的a 13 minute mile with a MET of 613分钟慢跑,和消耗16个MET值的to running a 6 minute mile with a MET of 16.6分钟慢跑Physical activity and obesity are closely related.运动和肥胖有着密切的关系Individuals who are inactive tend不爱运动的人to have a higher percent body fat肥胖的概率更高and may be obese. Obesity has been found可能导致过度肥胖,研究发现to be a significant risk factor for cancer.肥胖是癌症的重要诱因The American Cancer Society estimated2005年,美国癌症研究协会估测in 2005 that 90,000 Americans die annually每年有90000美国人from cancer primarily because of being overweight.因为过度肥胖而死于癌症This accounted for 14% of cancer in men上述人群占男性癌症患者的14%and 20% of cancer in women. In women占女性癌症患者的20%obesity leads to higher risks of breast, uterine,女性过度肥胖容易导致乳腺癌,子宫癌cervical, pancreatic, esophageal, renal and子宫颈癌,胰腺癌,食道癌,肾癌gall bladder cancers. And in men obesity以及胆囊癌的高发病率,男性过度肥胖is linked to higher risk for liver, pancreatic,会带来肝癌,胰腺癌,结肠癌colorectal, stomach and gall bladder cancers.胃癌以及胆囊癌的高发病率 Article/201508/394701栏目简介:;Shanghai Live; focuses on big events in the city and major issues around the world, and presents them in a practical and audience-friendly manner to meet the ever-evolving needs of Shanghai#39;s English-speaking viewers,both local and expatriate.《直播上海英语电台》集中报道城市大事件以及全球热点话题,并以观众喜闻乐见的方式呈现给大家,从而满足上海本地以及上海海外人士的英语需求。 Article/201506/378722There is something really striking about this drug alcohol.[qh]关于酒精 还有一点很值得研究的[qh]Whether monkey or human[qh]无论是猴子或人类[qh]it seems to divide us into three distinct tribes.[qh]似乎都可分为三种[qh]Theres one group that really doesnt like alcohol at all.[qh]第一种完全不喜欢洒精[qh]Theres another that appears to like it and will drink reasonably freely.[qh]第二种喜欢但是合理适量地喝[qh]But yet a third[qh]还有第三种[qh]when given the opportunity would drink and drink and drink.[qh]是一有机会就会拼命喝[qh]It leaves me with the slightly uncomfortable question[qh]这让我想到一个有点尴尬的问题[qh]as to which of those latter groups I fall into.[qh]我自己是哪种人呢[qh]I dont like the taste of alcohol.[qh]我不喜欢酒的味道[qh]Horrid. It was absolutely horrible.[qh]难喝 真的太难喝了[qh]I dont drink that much. -Two glasses of wine thats fine.[qh]我不会喝很多 -大概两杯葡萄酒这样[qh]I will drink through the night a bottle of wine.[qh]我一晚上会喝一瓶葡萄酒[qh]The weekly unit amounts you know probably do in one night.[qh]每周都有一次 我要好好地喝一整晚[qh]And the frightening thing[qh]可怕的是[qh]is this relationship is beginning earlier and earlier.[qh]现在喝酒的年龄开始低龄化[qh]About 20 years ago the average age for a first drink was 16.[qh]20年前 首次喝酒的平均年龄是16岁[qh]Today its 13.[qh]现在 是13 Article/201506/383410

Try tofu, nuts, seeds, lentils, beans, red meat,尝试吃些豆腐,坚果,扁豆,黄豆,红肉chicken, turkey, fish, and pork,鸡肉,火鸡,鱼肉,猪肉low-fat dairy products低脂奶制品such as milk, cheese, and yogurt.如牛奶,奶酪和酸奶Try to stick to low-fat or fat-free dairy sources.坚持食用低脂或无脂肪的奶制品Healthful fats such as canola oil,健康的脂肪有菜籽油walnuts, almonds and avocados.核桃,杏仁和牛油果等These contain omega-3 fatty acids这些都含有欧美加3脂肪酸which are essential,这种脂肪酸是必需脂肪酸meaning the body cannot make them意味着身体自身不能产生这种酸so they must be supplied from the diet.因此必须通过饮食获取Omega-3 fatty acids decrease cardiovascular disease欧美加3脂肪酸能够降低患心血管疾病的风险and improve heart and blood vessel function.增强心脏和血管功能During pregnancy, omega-3 fatty acids在期,欧美加3脂肪酸are also important in brain development of the fetus.对胎儿的大脑发育也是非常重要的Nutrient supplementation during pregnancy期的营养补充can be confusing.比较复杂Generally starting a prenatal vitamin is advised通常建议在怀前就用一种产前维生素before becoming pregnant to ensure adequate levels以保身体到产前of essential nutrients before conception.一直都有足够的基本营养But starting a prenatal vitamin early in the pregnancy但是,在怀早期开始用产前维生素is also beneficial.也是很有好处的A supplement is advised for women建议怀有多胎的女性with multiple fetuses用补品because of the higher nutritional needs,因为身体需要更多的营养for women with HIV or drug use这也适合携带HIV病毒或者吸毒的妇and women who consume little or no meat.还有很少吃肉的妇It is important to remember that应当记住the purpose of the multivitamin is to用多种维生素的目的在于complement the existing diet补充现有的膳食and not to substitute for an unhealthy diet.而不是取代一种不健康的饮食方法If you are meeting your necessary如果能够自己满足nutritional requirements on your own,自身的营养需求then supplementation may not be needed.则不需要补品Seeking professional advice寻求专业的建议from an obstetrician is best最好是从产科医师那儿获取before deciding on taking a supplement.应当在用某种补品前寻求建议There are some foods to avoid during pregnancy.怀期间应当避免一些食物These include beverages or sports drinks包括饮料或者运动型饮料and foods containing a high amount of sugar and/or sodium.含糖量特别高或含纳特别多的食物High sodium intakes may lead to摄入太多钠元素会导致an increased blood pressure血压升高and high sugar foods add calories含糖量高的食物只能增加热量without nutritional value.而没有任何营养价值Several foods that increase risk of有几种食物都能够引发food borne illnesses should also be avoided相应的疾病,因此要避免食用including raw or undercooked eggs这些食物包括生鸡蛋which may carry salmonella, unpasteurized juices生鸡蛋可能携带沙门氏菌,未高温消毒的果汁or dairy products, undercooked meat, poultry,奶制品,火候不够的肉,禽类and fish, and deli meats which may contain listeria鱼肉和熟食可能含有李斯特菌属which is of particular concern for pregnant women.妇应当尤为注意这一细菌In addition, raw vegetable sprouts can contain E. coli此外,生蔬菜可能含有大肠杆菌or salmonella, and soft cheeses such as Caso Fresco或沙门氏菌,软质干酪that have not been pasteurized可能没有经过巴氏消毒may contain pathogenic bacteria.因此会含有病原菌Food borne illnesses during pregnancy妇怀期间食物引发的疾病may be more severe than in non-pregnant individuals可能比对未怀的人还要严重and may affect the fetus.还可能影响胎儿Fish consumption may also need to be moderated鱼肉的食用量也应加以控制to avoid mercury contamination.以避免汞污染This brings me to my next point.这正好涉及到了我要讲的另一点Fish intake is a controversial topic食用鱼肉是个很受争议的话题for pregnant women.主要是对妇而言While fish is a highly desirable food for pregnancy尽管鱼肉对怀的人而言是很不错的食物because of the high protein value and healthy fats,因为它蛋白质含量和健康脂肪含量高there is concern for contamination with mercury但是人们又担心汞污染and other heavy metals.和其他重金属污染 Article/201503/364014

Shanghai-HK to have more exchanges沪港深化合作两地携手前行 The third conference of Economic and Trade Cooperation between Shanghai and Hong Kong took place on Friday.沪港经贸合作会议第三次会议在周五举行。Top government representatives from both sides signed a new agreement extending cooperation areas from finance, commerce, shipping and personal exchange to include culture, education and medical services.双方代表签署了一份新的协议,将进一步拓宽沪港在金融、商业、运输以及个人文化、教育和医疗务交流等方面合作。 Article/201504/370128

TED演讲者们对这个世界各抒己见。 Article/201505/373019

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