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2019年08月19日 00:21:30来源:QQ指南

Central banks target credit crunchZeb Bham of Corporate FX on a federal interest rate cut and central banks' decision to help end credit woesA: What do you make of this decision by the, by the central banks to, to club together to ensure that, the credit market doesn’t freeze up ? B: I think Wednesday’s report that they were working together to auction off the, er… extra funds, er… over a 3-month period was sort of er…seen as a bit of er… a bit of positive for the markets and we saw most of the stock markets rally. But since then, the markets had digested that information and realized that this injection isn’t really going to er…alleviate the problems that we’ve seen in the credit crunch.A: It was like the interests rate cut, wasn’t it? Really, the day before, where from the Fed, it was an interests rate cut which everyone wanted, everyone said we were gonna get, but it didn’t go quite far enough. It was the same with…with what the central banks did, we are talking about a lot of money in you and me terms, something like 49 billion dollars, but it’s in banking terms, it’s a relatively small amount, isn’t it?B: Yeah, it indeed. It is a relatively small amount, and because it’s for such a short period of time. That’s the reason why the markets have taken this negative impact. I mean in Asia, we’ve seen the… the stock markets over there, react pretty badly, and the Asian Central Bankers haven’t really followed suit with what the Europeans and the Americans are doing, but the fears are still there that if the credit crunch continues, they could see their exports being crippled.A: And what do you make of the… the interests rate cut by the Fed earlier in the week, a quarter of a percentage point, er.. it was what everyone wanted, as I said, but the reaction was more sort of “Come on guys, what planet are you living on there in the…in the Fed, you know, living in the same world as the rest of us?”B: Exactly, I think it was mu(ch), came out much in lie, er… however, the rhetoric after meeting suggested that they are sort of …paving way for further rate cuts despite the inflation being pretty high, we saw both RPI and PPI coming out stronger than expected, em… and also we got CPI this afternoon, if we see this hotter than expected, it’s aly expected to come out at 4.1%, even if you strip out food and oil from there, it's still expected to come out at 2.3 which is above the Fed's two percent target.A: It’s interesting to hear you talk about inflation, and the Fed obviously sounded a lot of caution about inflation, and yet we had a survey out earlier this week which said that most of the American public thinks that the economy is aly in recession.B: Exactly, em… I think the, the word rather than recession is stagflation. We have, we are having problems with inflation at the moment, and the Fed with the difficult position of trying to control that, while it's at the same time, trying to prevent the er… American economy going into recession, and that’s where we see the rate cuts coming into play, the question now is whether the rate cuts are going to fuel inflation, or whether they are going to control er…growth as the U.S. is expecting.A: And what’s your gut feeling about the CPI today with Bridge Rick and ...?B: I think CPI’s gonna come out slightly hotter than expected, em… mostly due to higher fuel and energy cost, and the RPI and PPI gave us that direction as well. If we see it come out hotter, I think the Fed are gonna have to make another difficult rate decision about whether they are going to raise rates in January, and the …interesting to know the interests rate futures market is still predicting, 100% chance that the Fed are going to raise rate in January.Notes: PPI:roducer Price Index 生产价格指数RPI:Retail Price Index 零售价格指数CPI:Comsumer Price Index 消费者价格指数02/62421。

  • Sepsis is a severe infection that can often be fatal, particularly in obese patients. Now, a new study suggests why obese patients are at greater risk and suggests a possible new approach to treatment.败血病是一种非常严重的感染,很多时候,败血病是会致命的,肥胖症患者的风险尤其高。一项新的研究揭示了为何败血病对肥胖症患者来说风险更大,该研究还提出了一个可能有效的治疗新方案。Sepsis is seven times more likely to kill patients who are obese, and one possible reason is that the typical Western diet over-stimulates the body's immune response to the sepsis infection.败血病导致肥胖症患者死亡的机率是普通患者的7倍。一个可能的原因是西方国家的典型饮食习惯过度刺激了身体对败血症感染的免疫反应。To test the theory, Louisiana State University professor Chantal Rivera fed a Western style diet to laboratory mice.为了印这个理论,路易斯安娜州立大学的尚塔尔·里韦拉对实验室里的老鼠按照西方饮食习惯进行喂养。"It was high in saturated fat, high in cholesterol, high in sugar," she said in a telephone interview. "And then [we] exposed them to a model of sepsis and tried to figure out why the inflammatory response in these septic mice that had been fed long-term with this high-fat, high-calorie diet, whether or not the inflammation would be worse — and it was — and then we tried to go after what would make the inflammatory response worse."她说:“老鼠摄入的是高脂肪、高胆固醇和高糖的食品。我们让这些老鼠感染上中度败血症,然后再去研究这些长期采用高脂肪高热量饮食方式的老鼠为什么会发炎,炎症会不会恶化。我们发现,炎症确实会恶化。我们还试图找出使炎症反应恶化的原因。”In her study, Rivera found a clue in a particular protein that flourished in the mice that got the Western diet.在研究中,他们发现按照西方饮食习惯喂养的老鼠身上有一种特有的蛋白质,从而找到一条线索。"And what we found is that, you get this increase in proteins on the cell surface called receptors, and in particular the receptor called toll-like receptor four was enhanced, compared to mice that were fed a normal rodent chow."里韦拉说:“我们发现,和按照正常饮食喂养的老鼠相比,以西方饮食喂养的老鼠的细胞表面有一种叫做‘受体’的蛋白质增加了,特别是一种叫做TLR4的受体大大增加了。”And with more receptors in mice — and, presumably, people — on the Western diet, there are more places for the sepsis bacteria to infect. That's a simplification, but Rivera says identifying that receptor could give drug researchers a target for medicines that would reduce the threat of sepsis.以西方饮食喂养的老鼠一旦受体增加,败血症的细菌也就更有缝可钻。这个推想可以运用到人类身上。这种理论虽然把败血症简单化了,但是里韦拉指出,确认受体的存在就能够让药品研究人员有的放矢地去研制能够降低败血症威胁的药物。"Sepsis is responsible for more than 100,000 deaths annually in the U.S. alone," Rivera said. "And so, clearly, if we had a target for a drug therapy, it would greatly enhance our capabilities for the medical management of sepsis in these obese patients."她说:“仅仅在美国,败血症一年就夺去超过10万人的生命。很显然,如果我们能够研发出一种药物,就能够提高对那些感染上败血症的肥胖症患者进行治疗的能力。”Chantal Rivera's study is published in the BioMed Central journal BMC Physiology.201010/116707。
  • German fans want revenge grilling of oracle octopusSome Germans are calling for a public roasting of the oracle octopus who correctly picked the winner of all six of their national soccer teams World Cup matches -- including a bitter defeat to Spain on Wednesday.Paul, a two-year-old octopus in a German aquarium, turned into a global celebrity for hisuncannyability to predict the winner of all Germanys matches -- even a group stage defeat to Serbia and an ousting by Spain in the semi-finals.;Nothing beats grilled octopus,; said Dolores Lusch, a Germany fan who works on a Berlin fish stall. ;Cut him up in thin slices and grill him on all sides with a dash of lemon juice, olive oil and garlic on it. Delicious!;Not an ordinarily superstitious people, Germans became believers in Pauls possiblepsychicpowers. The country was shocked and distraught when he picked Spain to win aftertippingGerman wins over Argentina, England, Ghana and Australia.German newspapers and websites were filled with suggestions of what to do with Paul -- most involved cooking and eating him.;Throw him in the frying pan,; wrote the Berliner Kurier newspaper in a popular sentiment echoed by Die Welt, Sueddeutsche Zeitung, the Hamburger Abendblatt and other newspapers.Pauls picks have become news across Germany and around the world. German networks have had live reports on Pauls picks.On Friday, Paul will tip the winner of Saturdays Germany-Uruguay match for third place as well as the winner of the Spain-Netherlands final on Sunday. Networks in Germany, Spain and the Netherlands are planning live coverage.Vocabulary:uncanny:having or seeming to have a supernatural or inexplicable basis; beyond the ordinary or normal; extraordinary(离奇的,不可思议的)psychic:outside of natural or scientific knowledge; spiritual(有特异功能的,通灵的)tip:to provide with a piece of confidential, advance, or inside information(预言……获胜;事先说……会成功)背单词 — 装英语词汇201007/108581。
  • 不知道大家听说过电鱼没有...它们往往生活在浑浊的水域当中,依靠发射电流探测出障碍物以及猎物的位置...原理和蝙蝠发出的超声波差不多...在今天的大千世界中,我们就来关注下这类不同寻常的鱼。07/77674。
  • Small-town corruption小镇腐败Business paradise or den of thieves?商业天堂还是贼窝?An effort to abolish a highly unusual Californian city 消除一座特别另类之加州城市的努力May 5th 2011 | VERNON | from the print edition EVEN Vernon’s logo proclaims that the city is “exclusively industrial”, and that is no exaggeration. It was founded in 1905 at a railway crossing along the Los Angeles River as a sort of Eden for business, especially the smelly, dirty and blue-collar manufacturing sort. An aerial view shows neat boundaries around its 5.2 square miles (13.5 square kilometres), as the residential neighbourhoods of Los Angeles County suddenly give way to huge blocks of warehouses and factories. Lorries seem to outnumber cars on Vernon’s streets. The whiff of pigs being slaughtered hangs over those parts not covered by the aroma of coffee being processed.即便弗农市(Vernon)的标志上宣称本市“专事工业”,这种说法也并未言过其实。1905年,该市创建于洛杉矶河沿岸的一处铁路线交汇处,人们将此地作为某种商业(尤其是又脏又臭的蓝领制造业)的乐园。从空中俯瞰可以发现,随着洛杉矶县的住宅街区突然被大片仓库和工厂所取代,弗农市5.2平方英里(13.5平方公里)的土地周围呈现着整齐的界线。在弗农街头,卡车看起来比轿车还要多。在没有被正在加工的咖啡香气所覆盖的区域,飘荡着被屠宰的猪的气息。In most of the world, it is inconceivable that Vernon could even be considered a “city”. It has about 1,800 businesses that employ more than 50,000 workers who live elsewhere in Los Angeles County. But it has only 96 actual residents, and those live in housing tucked improbably between power stations and warehouses and mostly owned by the city.在全球大部分地区,人们都无法想到弗农甚至会被视为一座城市。该市有大约1800家企业,雇佣了超过5万名居住在洛杉矶县其他区域的员工。不过,该市真正的居民只有96人,那些人住在以几乎不可能的方式挤在发电站与仓库之间、所有权主要掌握在城市手中的房屋内。201105/136146。
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