2019年10月21日 04:20:38|来源:国际在线|编辑:平安知识
These people succeeded because they understood that you cant let your failures define you -- you have to let your failures teach you. You have to let them show you what to do differently the next time. So if you get into trouble, that doesnt mean youre a troublemaker, it means you need to try harder to act right. If you get a bad grade, that doesnt mean youre stupid, it just means you need to spend more time studying.这些人士获得成功,是因为他们懂得:你不能让失败来限制你——而必须让失败来教导你。你必须让失败向你展示下次如何以不同的方式去做这件事情。所以,如果你遇到麻烦,那并不意味着你就是麻烦的制造者,而意味着你需要更加努力去把它做对。如果你有一门课分数低,那并不表示你笨,而只表示你需要花更多的时间学习。No ones born being good at all things. You become good at things through hard work. Youre not a varsity athlete the first time you play a new sport. You dont hit every note the first time you sing a song. Youve got to practice. The same principle applies to your schoolwork. You might have to do a math problem a few times before you get it right. You might have to something a few times before you understand it. You definitely have to do a few drafts of a paper before its good enough to hand in.没有一个人天生擅长各种事情。你通过勤奋而变得擅长各种事情。第一次从事新的体育项目时,你不可能是一位主力队员。第一次唱一首歌时,你不可能唱准每一个音。你必须练习。同样的道理适用于你的学业。你可能要把一道数学题做几次才能做对。你可能要把一些材料阅读几遍才能理解。在交出一篇优秀作文之前,你肯定需要打几遍草稿。Dont be afraid to ask questions. Dont be afraid to ask for help when you need it. I do that every day. Asking for help isnt a sign of weakness, its a sign of strength because it shows you have the courage to admit when you dont know something, and that then allows you to learn something new. So find an adult that you trust -- a parent, a grandparent or teacher, a coach or a counselor—and ask them to help you stay on track to meet your goals.不要害怕提问。不要在需要帮助时害怕请求别人帮助。我天天那样做。请求帮助不是软弱的表现,它是力量的标志,因为它表明你有勇气承认自己对某些事情不懂,这样做回使你学到新的东西。因此,请确定一位你信任成年人——父母、祖父母或老师、教练或辅导员——请他们帮助你遵循既定计划实现你的目标。 /201304/236285What then of manned space exploration?那载人的空间探索呢?The government recently announced plans to return to the moon by 2024.美国政府最近宣布了2024重返月球的计划。The successful conclusion of that mission will result in infrequent visitation of the moon by a small number of government scientists and pilots.这项任务的成功将使少数的政府雇佣的科学家和飞行员的探访月球活动。It will leave us no further along in the general expansion of humanity into space than we were 50 years ago.和五十年前相比,从人类探索宇宙的整体来看,并没有什么起步。Something fundamental has to change if we are to see common access to space in our lifetime.如果我们想要在有生之年让太空飞行变得习以为然必须有根本的改变,What Im going to show you next are a couple of controversial ideas.我下面要展示的是一些有争论的观点。And I hope youll bear with me and have some faith that theres credibility behind what were going to say here.我希望大家耐心听我讲并且相信我们这里所说的是确实可信的。There are three underpinnings of working in space privately.私人探索太空工作有三大柱。One of them is the requirement for economical earth-to-space transport.其一是经济的地球到太空的交通运输。The Bert Rutans and Richard Bransons of this world have got this in their sights and I salute them.创业家们象伯特鲁坦斯和理查德布兰特(维珍航空公司的创始人)已经开始在这方面努力,我向他们致敬。Go, go, go.加油,加油,加油。The next thing we need are places to stay on orbit.我们需要的另一件事是轨道上的停留处。Orbital hotels to start with, but workshops for the rest of us later on.先以做太空酒店(旅游业)开始,之后可以我们的工作站。The final missing piece, the real paradigm-buster, is this:最后一点,真正能扭转乾坤的是:a gas station on orbit.太空轨道加油站。Its not going to look like that.它不会是图上这样的。If it existed, it would change all future spacecraft design and space mission planning.如果它存在,它会改变所有未来宇宙飞船和宇宙空间探索计划的设计。Now, to give you a chance to understand why there is power in that statement,Ive got to give you the basics of Space 101.现在,为了让大家明白此断言的分量,我要教大家一点儿太空基础知识。And the first thing is everything you do in space you pay by the kilogram.首先,你要为在太空里所做的每一件事情按千克付费。201512/414754

When a new inhabitant moves into the tower,当一个新的居住者搬进这座大楼,they aly have a roof over their head,他们已经有一个可以遮盖的房顶,so they just typically mark their space所以他们通常只是使用with a few curtains or sheets.很小的窗帘和单子来突出他们的地方。Slowly, from found materials, walls rise,慢慢地,从现成的材料,高墙,and people create a space out of any found objects人们创造了一个从任何现成物体or materials.和材料搭建的空间。Its remarkable to see the design decisions看到他们的设计规划决定that theyre making,很让人惊叹,like when everything is made out of red bricks,例如当所有东西都是红砖建的时候,some residents will cover that red brick一些居民会在红砖墙外覆盖上with another layer of red brick-patterned wallpaper另一层红砖样式的墙纸just to make it a kind of clean finish.只为了让它看上去有干净的感觉。The inhabitants literally built up these homes这些居住者真的是with their own hands, and this labor of love用他们的双手来搭建自己的房子,这种充满着爱的劳动instills a great sense of pride渗透出一种伟大的自豪感in many families living in this tower.充盈在很多住在这儿的家庭里。They typically make the best out of their conditions,他们特别是要尽最大可能利用他们周围的环境and try to make their spaces look nice and homey,来让他们的生活空间更温馨,更有家的感觉,or at least up until as far as they can reach.或者至少做到他们能尽的最大可能。Throughout the tower, you come across在大楼里,你可以找到all kinds of services, like the barber,各种各样的务,比如理发店,small factories, and every floor has小铺子,每层都有a little grocery store or shop.小的食品杂货店和商店。And you even find a church.你甚至可以找到一个教堂。And on the 30th floor, there is a gym并且在30层有一个健身房where all the weights and barbells那里所有的器械和杠铃are made out of the leftover pulleys都是由剩下的滑轮制成的from the elevators which were never installed.这些滑轮是从那些没有安装的电梯上拿来的。From the outside, behind this always-changing facade,从外面,在这个不断变化的外墙后面,you see how the fixed concrete beams你可以看到固定的混凝土梁柱是如何provide a framework for the inhabitants为居民提供一个房屋框架to create their homes以便让他们以一种有机而直观的方式in an organic, intuitive way去搭建他们的房子that responds directly to their needs.来直接应对他们的需求。Lets go now to Africa, to Nigeria,让我们现在去看看非洲,尼日利亚,to a community called Makoko,来到一个叫马卡卡的住宅区a slum where 150,000 people一个居住着15万人的贫民窟live just meters above the Lagos Lagoon.住在仅在拉各斯湖上面几米的地方。While it may appear to be a completely chaotic place,虽然它看上去好像是一个很混乱的地方,when you see it from above, there seems to be但当你从上往下看,那里好像存在a whole grid of waterways and canals一个由水路和运河形成的格子网connecting each and every home.连接着每家每户。From the main dock, people board long wooden canoes从主码头,人们坐上长木做的小木舟which carry them out to their various homes and shops带他们前往在很大一片区域里的located in the expansive area.各种房屋和商店When out on the water, its clear当进入水域时,很明显that life has been completely adapted生活已经完全融入to this very specific way of living.这种特殊条件下的生活方式。Even the canoes become variety stores甚至木筏子也变成各种各样的小店where ladies paddle from house to house,女人们划着木舟从一家到另一家,selling anything from toothpaste to fresh fruits.卖着从牙膏到新鲜水果的各种东西。Behind every window and door frame,在每一扇窗户和门框背后,youll see a small child peering back at you,你都会看到有小孩子在背后盯着你and while Makoko seems to be packed with people,虽然马卡卡看上去到处都是人,whats more shocking is actually但更让人吃惊的是实际上the amount of children pouring out of every building.每座房屋里面拥有的孩子的数量。The population growth in Nigeria,尼日利亚的人口增长,and especially in these areas like Makoko,尤其是在像马卡卡这样的区域,are painful reminders痛苦地提醒着人们of how out of control things really are.生育失控后带来的结果。In Makoko, very few systems在马卡卡,只有非常少的生活系统and infrastructures exist.和基础设施存在Electricity is rigged and freshest water电是被垄断的,且干净的水comes from self-built wells throughout the area.来自于这片区域里自己建造的井。This entire economic model整个经济模式is designed to meet a specific way of living是为了应对特殊的水上生活方式而设计的on the water, so fishing and boat-making所以和造船are common professions.是普遍的职业。Youll have a set of entrepreneurs这里还有一系列的商户who have set up businesses throughout the area,在这片区域建立经营着自己的生意,like barbershops, CD and DVD stores,比如理发店,CD和DVD商店,movie theaters, tailors, everything is there.电影院,裁缝铺,和其它的一切。There is even a photo studio这是甚至有一个照相馆where you see the sort of aspiration让你看到一种期望to live in a real house or to be associated去住在真正的大房子里或者和一个遥远的地方with a faraway place, like that hotel in Sweden.产生联系,比如瑞典的旅馆。On this particular evening,在这个特别的夜晚,I came across this live band我遇到这个dressed to the T in their coordinating outfits.穿着舞台表演衣的现场演奏乐队。They were floating through the canals他们在河道里漂着in a large canoe with a fitted-out generator坐在一个装了可发光的大船里,for all of the community to enjoy.让所有居民欣赏他们的演出。By nightfall, the area becomes almost pitch black,深夜降临后,这片区域变得漆黑一片,save for a small lightbulb除了一些小的电灯or a fire.或者火光。What originally brought me to Makoko最初使我来到马卡卡的原因was this project from a friend of mine,是一个我朋友的做的项目,Kunl茅 Adeyemi, who recently finished building昆里阿德耶米,它最近修建了this three-story floating school一个漂在水上的三层学校for the kids in Makoko.给马卡卡这里的孩子们使用。With this entire village existing on the water,由于整个村落都在水上,public space is very limited,公共空间十分有限,so now that the school is finished,所以现在学校建好了,the ground floor is a playground for the kids,底层就变成了孩子们的活动场所,but when classes are out, the platform但是当课上完了,整个平台is just like a town square,就变成了一个小的城镇广场,where the fishermen mend their nets渔民在那里补网and floating shopkeepers dock their boats.划船卖东西的人们在那里停靠木船。201503/365890

Its what led two guys in a garage named Hewlett and Packard to form a company that would change the way we live and work, what led scientists in laboratories and novelists in coffee shops to labor in obscurity until they finally succeeded in changing the way we see the world. Thats the great American story: young people just like you following their passions, determined to meet the times on their own terms.这种精神引领两个年轻人——休利特和帕卡德——在车库中组建了一个公司(今天的惠普公司),从而改变了我们看待这个世界的方式。这种精神鼓舞着实验室里的科学家和咖啡厅里的小说家默默无闻地工作,直到最终成功地改变了我们看待这个世界的方式。They werent doing it for the money. Their titles werent fancy: ex-slave, minister, student, citizen. A whole bunch of them didnt get honorary degrees. But they changed the course of history, and so can you, ASU. So can you, Class of . So can you.这就是伟大的美国故事;这些像你们一样的年轻人,追寻自己的,决意用自己的方式迎接时代的挑战。他们这样做不是为了金钱。他们没有响亮的头衔——他们是从前的奴隶、牧师、学生、市民。他们中没有一个人能得到过荣誉学位,但他们改变了历史进程——亚利桑那州立大学的同学们,你们也可以!届的毕业生们,你们也可以!With a degree from this outstanding institution, you have everything you need to get started. Youve got no excuses. You have no excuses not to change the world.凭借从这所著名的学院获得学位,你们具备了一切的起步条件。你们没有理由不去改变这个世界。Did you study business? Go start a company. Or why not help a struggling not-for-profit find better and more effective ways to serve folks in need?你们是学商务专业的吗?那就去开始吧。或帮助那些不景气的非盈利机构找到更有效的方法,去更好地帮助那些处于困境中的人们。 /201302/224337

%wUhydqYbt^GmAh~-zaGood morning. Scripture tells us, “We count as blessed those who have persevered.”QWGT9PJ8M_O(GB,Twu3(Secretary Hagel, General Dempsey, members of our Armed Forces, and, most of all, the survivors of that September day and the families of those we lost-Michelle and I are humbled to be with you once again.fo_;G2sz*HB176,zDWIt has now been 13 years. Thirteen years since the peace of an American morning was broken. Thirteen years since nearly 3,000 beautiful lives were taken from us, including 125 men and women serving here at the Pentagon. Thirteen years of moments they would have shared with us. Thirteen years of memories they would have made.W%Q3*,JdhvOc!,KoHere, once more, we pray for the souls of those we remember, for you, their families, who love them forever, and for a nation that has been inspired by your example-your determination to carry on, your resolve to live lives worthy of their memories.tsnG-1GlqkVRmkDAs Americans, we draw strength from you. For your love is the ultimate rebuke to the hatred of those who attacked us that bright, blue morning. They sought to do more than bring down buildings or murder our people. They sought to break our spirit and to prove to the world that their power to destroy was greater than our power to persevere and to build. But you, and America, proved them wrong.6d6GW.T51i^xU]juUxAmerica endures in the strength of your families who, through your anguish, kept living. You have kept alive a love that no act of terror can ever extinguish. You, their sons and daughters, are growing into extraordinary young men and women they knew you could be. By your shining example, your families have turned this day into something that those who attacked us could never abide, and that is a tribute of hope over fear, and love over hate.y]|_joTh)|E0gI@America endures in the tenacity of our survivors. After grievous wounds, you learned to walk again and stand again. After terrible burns, you smiled once more. For you, for our nation, these have been difficult years. But by your presence here today, in the lives of service that you have led, you embody the truth that no matter what comes our way, America will always come out stronger. vjYepwTRL@4Q2aAmerica endures in the dedication of those who keep us safe. The firefighter, the officer, the EMT who carries the memory of a fallen partner as they report to work each and every day, prepared to make the same sacrifice for us all. Because of these men and women, Americans now work in a gleaming Freedom Tower. We visit our great cities, we fill our stadiums and cheer for our teams. We carry on, because, as Americans, we do not give in to fear-ever.mrr~ZAvU^HT1RUAmerica endures in the courage of the men and women who serve under our flag. Over more than a decade of war, this 9/11 Generation has answered our countrys call, and three months from now, our combat mission in Afghanistan will come to an end. Today, we honor all who have made the ultimate sacrifice these 13 years, more than 6,800 American patriots. And we give thanks to those who serve in harms way to keep our country safe and meet the threats of our time.u1h0[Ehfg*#XTb[America endures in that perennial optimism that defines us as a people. Beginning tomorrow, there will be teenagers-young adults-who were born after 9/11. Its remarkable. And while these young Americans did not know the horrors of that day, their lives have been shaped by all the days since-a time that has brought us pain, but also taught us endurance and strength; a time of rebuilding, of resilience, and of renewal. What gives us hope-what gives me hope -– is that it is these young Americans who will shape all the days to come.@b-WxgT#6+5+.(Thirteen years after small and hateful minds conspired to break us, America stands tall and America stands proud. And guided by the values that sustain us, we will only grow stronger. Generations from now, Americans will still fill our parks, our stadiums, our cities. Generations from now, Americans will still build towers that reach toward the heavens; still serve in embassies that stand for freedom around the world; still wear the uniform and give meaning to those words written two centuries ago: Land of the free. Home of the Brave. Generations from now, no matter the trial, no matter the challenge, America will always be America. “We count as blessed those who have persevered.”W[KnvsmSw#CnF%May God bless your families, who continue to inspire us all. May God bless our Armed Forces and all who serve to keep us safe. And may God continue to bless the ed States of America.R9tt1JKC~9iLod~wu36gzn4I8N44l@+dStGDtKq^RKM41fGx2qV201409/329674

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