福建省厦门第二医院玻尿酸多少钱
时间:2019年06月17日 07:49:06

The future of written English will owe more to Hollywood films than Dickens or Shakespeare, if the findings of a study into children#39;s writing are anything to go by.如果一项对儿童作文的研究结果可靠的话,那么比起狄更斯或莎士比亚的影响,书面英语的未来受好莱坞电影的影响会更大。The analysis of 74,000 short stories found that their written work was littered with Americanisms, exclamation marks and references to celebrities.对7.4万个短篇故事的分析发现,这些书面作品中到处都是美式英语、感叹号和名人的名字。Researchers who looked at the entries to a national competition found they were increasingly using American words such as garbage, trash can, sidewalk, candy, sneakers, soda, cranky and flashlight.研究人员阅读了全国作文比赛的参赛作品后发现,作文中越来越多地使用美式英语词汇,如garbage(垃圾)、trash can(垃圾桶)、sidewalk(人行道)、candy(糖果)、sneakers(运动鞋)、soda(苏打水)、cranky(暴躁不安的)和flashlight(手电筒)。The stories, written by pupils aged seven to 13, show how fairy cakes are referred to as cupcakes and a dinner jacket has become a tuxedo.这些故事是由7岁至13岁的小学生写作的,从中可见小学生们用fairy cake(仙女蛋糕)来指代cupcake(杯形蛋糕),晚礼的说法也从tuxedo变成了dinner jacket。;Smart; is now often used for ;clever; and ;cranky; for ;irritable;.现在小学生常用美式英语smart来取代英式英语clever,用cranky来取代irritable。Celebrity culture also has a powerful influence on children#39;s work, with Simon Cowell and Argentinian footballer Lionel Messi among the famous names cropping up repeatedly.名人文化对儿童作文也有强大的影响力,真人秀评委西蒙#8226;考威尔和阿根廷足球运动员里奥内尔#8226;梅西都是反复出现的名人名字。But pupils are let down by basic spelling, punctuation and grammar, according to the study by Oxford University Press, which looked at the entries to B Radio 2#39;s ;500 Words; competition.但是牛津大学出版社的研究发现,小学生们在基本拼写、标点和语法上很成问题。该研究查看了英国广播公司第二电台举办的“500单词”作文比赛的参赛作品。Children stumbled over simple spellings such as ;does; and ;clothes; and struggled to use the past tense correctly, often saying ;rised; instead of ;rose; or ;thinked; instead of ;thought;.孩子们总是弄错一些简单的拼写,如does和clothes,许多孩子不会用过去时态,常常把rose写成rised,把thought写成thinked。Researchers also found that punctuation was underused, especially semi-colons and speech marks. Some did not know how to use capital letters.研究人员还发现,许多标点该用的时候没有用,尤其是分号和引号。有些孩子不知如何应用大写字母。However, exclamation marks were overused. Researchers found 35,171 examples in total, with some young writers using five at a time.与此同时,感叹号却被过度使用。研究人员发现,滥用感叹号的情况总共出现了35171次,有些小作者一次用了5个感叹号。The study of more than 31million words will be compared with future research to see how written language evolves.这次阅读量超过3100万个词的研究将和未来的研究作比较,分析书面语言的演变情况。Popular US fiction such as the Twilight vampire novels and films is thought to be fuelling the increasing use of American vocabulary and spelling.据认为,热门美国作品,如《暮光之城》吸血鬼小说和电影,促使孩子们越来越多地使用美式英语词汇和拼写方法。Modern technology was also influential. Out of almost 300 references to ;blackberry;, nearly half referred to mobile phones.现代科技对英语也有影响。在这些作文中,blackberry一词出现了近300次,其中近一半指的是黑莓手机。 /201205/184741

1. Be grateful – Some study participants were asked to write letters of gratitude to people who had helped them in some way. The study found that these people reported a lasting increase in happiness – over weeks and even months – after implementing the habit. What's even more surprising: Sending the letter is not necessary. Even when people wrote letters but never delivered them to the addressee, they still reported feeling better afterwards. 充满感激。有研究表明,每天心存感恩的人比一般的人要快乐很多,即使这些感恩的话不说出来,写下来也可以。 /201003/98052


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